1 Timothy 6:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
they are conceited and understand nothing. They have an unhealthy interest in controversies and quarrels about words that result in envy, strife, malicious talk, evil suspicions

New Living Translation
Anyone who teaches something different is arrogant and lacks understanding. Such a person has an unhealthy desire to quibble over the meaning of words. This stirs up arguments ending in jealousy, division, slander, and evil suspicions.

English Standard Version
he is puffed up with conceit and understands nothing. He has an unhealthy craving for controversy and for quarrels about words, which produce envy, dissension, slander, evil suspicions,

New American Standard Bible
he is conceited and understands nothing; but he has a morbid interest in controversial questions and disputes about words, out of which arise envy, strife, abusive language, evil suspicions,

King James Bible
He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
he is conceited, understanding nothing, but has a sick interest in disputes and arguments over words. From these come envy, quarreling, slander, evil suspicions,

International Standard Version
he is a conceited person and does not understand anything. He has an unhealthy craving for arguments and debates. This produces jealousy, rivalry, slander, evil suspicions,

NET Bible
he is conceited and understands nothing, but has an unhealthy interest in controversies and verbal disputes. This gives rise to envy, dissension, slanders, evil suspicions,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
This one is lifted up as he knows nothing, but he is ineffective in disputes and debates of words, from which come envy, contention and blasphemy, and establishes evil thoughts,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
is a conceited person. He shows that he doesn't understand anything. Rather, he has an unhealthy desire to argue and quarrel about words. This produces jealousy, rivalry, cursing, suspicion,

Jubilee Bible 2000
he is puffed up, knowing nothing, but is driven mad concerning questions and controversy of words, of which comes envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

King James 2000 Bible
He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting over questions and disputes of words, out of which comes envy, strife, railings, evil suspicions,

American King James Version
He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof comes envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

American Standard Version
he is puffed up, knowing nothing, but doting about questionings and disputes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

Douay-Rheims Bible
He is proud, knowing nothing, but sick about questions and strifes of words; from which arise envies, contentions, blasphemies, evil suspicions,

Darby Bible Translation
he is puffed up, knowing nothing, but sick about questions and disputes of words, out of which arise envy, strife, injurious words, evil suspicions,

English Revised Version
he is puffed up, knowing nothing, but doting about questionings and disputes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

Webster's Bible Translation
He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, from which cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

Weymouth New Testament
he is puffed up with pride and has no true knowledge, but is crazy over discussions and controversies about words which give rise to envy, quarrelling, revilings, ill-natured suspicions,

World English Bible
he is conceited, knowing nothing, but obsessed with arguments, disputes, and word battles, from which come envy, strife, insulting, evil suspicions,

Young's Literal Translation
he is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and word-striving, out of which doth come envy, strife, evil-speakings, evil-surmisings,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

6:1-5 Christians were not to suppose that religious knowledge, or Christian privileges, gave them any right to despise heathen masters, or to disobey lawful commands, or to expose their faults to others. And such as enjoyed the privilege of living with believing masters, were not to withhold due respect and reverence, because they were equal in respect to religious privileges, but were to serve with double diligence and cheerfulness, because of their faith in Christ, and as partakers of his free salvation. We are not to consent to any words as wholesome, except the words of our Lord Jesus Christ; to these we must give unfeigned consent. Commonly those are most proud who know least; for they do not know themselves. Hence come envy, strife, railings, evil-surmisings, disputes that are all subtlety, and of no solidity, between men of corrupt and carnal minds, ignorant of the truth and its sanctifying power, and seeking their worldly advantage.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - Puffed up for proud, A.V.; questionings for questions, A.V.; disputes for strifes, A.V. He is puffed up (τετύφωται); see 1 Timothy 3:6, note. Doting (νοσῶν); here only in the New Testament, but found occasionally in the LXX. Applied in classical Greek to the mind and body, "to be in an unsound state." Here it means "having a morbid love of" or "going mad about." In this morbid love of questionings and disputes of words, they lose sight of all wholesome words and all godly doctrine. Questionings (ζητήσεις); see 1 Timothy 1:6, note. It corresponds nearly to our word "controversies." Disputes of words (λογομαχίας); found only here. The verb λογομαχέω is used in 2 Timothy 2:14. Would that the Church had always remembered St. Paul's pithy condemnation of unfruitful controversies about words! Surmisings (ὑπόνοιαι); only here in the -New Testament. In classical Greek it means "suspicion," or any under-thought. The verb ὑπονοέω occurs three times in the Acts - "to deem, think, or suppose." Here the "surmisings" are those uncharitable insinuations in which angry controversialists indulge towards one another.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

He is proud,.... Or swelled and puffed up with a vain conceit of himself and his own notions, and treats with an haughty air the faithful ministers of the word. The doctrines of grace are of an humbling nature, especially when they are spiritually and experimentally understood and received; but notional knowledge, knowledge of natural things, and the doctrines of men, such as are of their own invention, fill the mind with pride and vanity:

knowing nothing; as he ought to know; not anything that is solid and substantial; nothing of the Gospel of Jesus Christ: he may have knowledge of natural and civil things, but not of spiritual ones; he may have collected a medley of knowledge together, but what will be of no real use either to himself or others:

but doting about questions and strifes of words: or he is "sick or diseased"; his mind is distempered; he is like one in a fever, that is delirious; his head is light and wild; his fancy is roving, and he talks of things he knows not what; his head runs upon "questions"; foolish and unlearned ones, about the law and works, and the necessity of them to justification and salvation; concerning genealogies, and other fruitless and unprofitable subjects:

and strifes of words; mere logomachies; contending and quarrelling more about words than things, which tend to no profit, but to the subverting and confounding of hearers. The ill effects of which are as follow:

whereof cometh envy: at the superior gifts and talents of others; at their success, and any little degree of honour and respect they have from others; which shows that such men, in whom this vice is a governing one, are carnal men, for this is a work of the flesh; and that they are destitute of charity, or the grace of love, which envieth not: also from hence comes

strife; contention, quarrelling; the peace and comfort of particular persons, and even of whole communities, are broken and destroyed hereby; for foolish and unlearned questions gender strifes, 2 Timothy 2:24 which are very unbecoming the servants of the Lord, and very uncomfortable to the churches of Christ: yea, these also produce

railings; at one another, and especially at the faithful ministers of the Gospel; for when the false teachers cannot overcome them by Scripture and argument, they fall to railing and reviling of them: or entertain

evil surmises; groundless suspicions: or from hence follow, as the words may be rendered, "wicked opinions": concerning the being, perfections, purposes, and providence of God; concerning the person and offices of Christ; concerning the law and Gospel, grace and good works; and so the Syriac version renders it, "an evil opinion of the mind".

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. He is proud—literally, "wrapt in smoke"; filled with the fumes of self-conceit (1Ti 3:6) while "knowing nothing," namely, of the doctrine which is according to godliness (1Ti 6:3), though arrogating pre-eminent knowledge (1Ti 1:7).

doting about—literally, "sick about"; the opposite of "wholesome" (1Ti 6:3). Truth is not the center about which his investigations move, but mere word-strifes.

questions—of controversy.

strifes of words—rather than about realities (2Ti 2:14). These stand with them instead of "godliness" and "wholesome words" (1Ti 6:3; 1Ti 1:4; Tit 3:9).

evil surmisings—as to those who are of a different party from themselves.

1 Timothy 6:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
Reject False Doctrines
3If anyone advocates a different doctrine and does not agree with sound words, those of our Lord Jesus Christ, and with the doctrine conforming to godliness, 4he is conceited and understands nothing; but he has a morbid interest in controversial questions and disputes about words, out of which arise envy, strife, abusive language, evil suspicions, 5and constant friction between men of depraved mind and deprived of the truth, who suppose that godliness is a means of gain.
Cross References
Acts 18:15
But since it involves questions about words and names and your own law--settle the matter yourselves. I will not be a judge of such things."

1 Corinthians 8:2
Those who think they know something do not yet know as they ought to know.

1 Timothy 1:4
or to devote themselves to myths and endless genealogies. Such things promote controversial speculations rather than advancing God's work--which is by faith.

1 Timothy 3:6
He must not be a recent convert, or he may become conceited and fall under the same judgment as the devil.

2 Timothy 2:14
Keep reminding God's people of these things. Warn them before God against quarreling about words; it is of no value, and only ruins those who listen.

2 Timothy 2:23
Don't have anything to do with foolish and stupid arguments, because you know they produce quarrels.
Treasury of Scripture

He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof comes envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings,

He.

1 Timothy 1:7 Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they …

1 Timothy 3:6 Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation …

Proverbs 13:7 There is that makes himself rich, yet has nothing: there is that …

Proverbs 25:14 Whoever boasts himself of a false gift is like clouds and wind without rain.

Proverbs 26:12 See you a man wise in his own conceit? there is more hope of a fool than of him.

Acts 8:9,21-23 But there was a certain man, called Simon, which beforetime in the …

Romans 12:16 Be of the same mind one toward another. Mind not high things, but …

1 Corinthians 3:18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seems to be wise …

1 Corinthians 8:1,2 Now as touching things offered to idols, we know that we all have …

Galatians 6:3 For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he …

Colossians 2:18 Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and …

2 Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God, or that …

2 Timothy 3:4 Traitors, heady, high minded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;

2 Peter 2:12,18 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, …

Jude 1:10,16 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what …

Revelation 3:17 Because you say, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need …

proud. or, a fool. doting. or, sick. about.

1 Timothy 1:4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister …

2 Timothy 2:23 But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do engender …

words.

Isaiah 58:4 Behold, you fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist …

Acts 15:2 When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation …

Romans 2:8 But to them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but …

Romans 13:13 Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, …

Romans 14:1 Him that is weak in the faith receive you, but not to doubtful disputations.

1 Corinthians 3:3 For you are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and …

1 Corinthians 11:16,18 But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither …

2 Corinthians 11:20 For you suffer, if a man bring you into bondage, if a man devour …

Galatians 5:15,20,21,26 But if you bite and devour one another, take heed that you be not …

Philippians 1:15 Some indeed preach Christ even of envy and strife; and some also of good will:

Philippians 2:3,14 Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness …

Titus 3:9 But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and …

James 1:19 Why, my beloved brothers, let every man be swift to hear, slow to …

James 2:14-18 What does it profit, my brothers, though a man say he has faith, …

James 4:1,2,5,6 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even …

1 Peter 2:1,2 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and …

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