Romans 1:31
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
foolish, faithless, heartless, ruthless.

King James Bible
Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

American Standard Version
without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful:

Douay-Rheims Bible
Foolish, dissolute, without affection, without fidelity, without mercy.

English Revised Version
without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful:

Webster's Bible Translation
Without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

Weymouth New Testament
faithless to their promises, without natural affection, without human pity.

Romans 1:31 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Without understanding, covenant-breakers (ἀσυνέτους ἀσυνθέτους)

Another paronomasia: asynetous, asynthetous. This feature of style is largely due to the pleasure which all people, and especially Orientals, derive from the assonance of a sentence. Archdeacon Farrar gives a number of illustrations: the Arabic Abel and Kabel (Abel and Cain); Dalut and G'ialut (David and Goliath). A Hindoo constantly adds meaningless rhymes, even to English words, as button-bitten; kettley-bittley. Compare the Prayer-book, holy and wholly; giving and forgiving; changes and chances. Shakespeare, sorted and consorted; in every breath a death. He goes on to argue that these alliterations, in the earliest stages of language, are partly due to a vague belief in the inherent affinities of words ("Language and Languages," 227).

Romans 1:31 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Without understanding.

Romans 1:20,21 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made...

Romans 3:11 There is none that understands, there is none that seeks after God.

Proverbs 18:2 A fool has no delight in understanding, but that his heart may discover itself.

Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, and set them on fire...

Jeremiah 4:22 For my people is foolish, they have not known me; they are silly children, and they have none understanding: they are wise to do evil...

Matthew 15:16 And Jesus said, Are you also yet without understanding?

covenant-breakers.

2 Kings 18:14 And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me...

*etc:

Isaiah 33:8 The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceases: he has broken the covenant, he has despised the cities, he regards no man.

2 Timothy 3:3 Without natural affection, truce breakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

without natural affection. or, unsociable.

Cross References
Mark 7:18
And he said to them, "Then are you also without understanding? Do you not see that whatever goes into a person from outside cannot defile him,

2 Timothy 3:3
heartless, unappeasable, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, not loving good,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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