Hosea 4:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
There is only cursing, lying and murder, stealing and adultery; they break all bounds, and bloodshed follows bloodshed.

King James Bible
By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.

Darby Bible Translation
Swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, -- they break out; and blood toucheth blood.

World English Bible
There is cursing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; they break boundaries, and bloodshed causes bloodshed.

Young's Literal Translation
Swearing, and lying, and murdering, And stealing, and committing adultery -- have increased, And blood against blood hath touched.

Hosea 4:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

By swearing, and lying - Where there is no truth there will be lies and perjury; for false swearing is brought in to confirm lying statements. And when there is no mercy, killing, slaying, and murders, will be frequent. And where there is no knowledge of God, no conviction of his omnipresence and omniscience, private offenses, such as stealing, adulteries, etc., will prevail. These, sooner or later, break out, become a flood, and carry all before them. Private stealing will assume the form of a public robbery, and adulteries become fashionable, especially among the higher orders; and suits of crim. con. render them more public, scandalous, and corrupting. By the examination of witnesses, and reading of infamous letters in a court of justice, people are taught the wiles and stratagems to be used to accomplish these ends, and prevent detection; and also how to avoid those circumstances which have led to the detection of others. Every report of such matters is an experimental lecture on successful debauchery.

Blood toucheth blood - Murders are not only frequent, but assassinations are mutual. Men go out to kill each other; as in our duels, the frenzy of cowards; and as there is no law regarded, and no justice in the land, the nearest akin slays the murderer. Even in our land, where duels are so frequent, if a man kill his antagonist, it is murder; and so generally brought in by an honest coroner and his jury. It is then brought into court; but who is hanged for it? The very murder is considered as an affair of honor, though it began in a dispute about a prostitute; and it is directed to be brought in manslaughter; and the murderer is slightly fined for having hurried his neighbor, perhaps once his friend, into the eternal world, with all his imperfections on his head! No wonder that a land mourns where these prevail; and that God should have a controversy with it. Such crimes as these are sufficient to bring God's curse upon any land. And how does God show his displeasure? See the following verse.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

swearing.

Isaiah 24:5 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance...

Isaiah 48:1 Hear you this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah...

Isaiah 59:2-8,12-15 But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear...

Jeremiah 5:1,2,7-9,26,27 Run you to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, and know, and seek in the broad places thereof, if you can find a man...

Jeremiah 6:7 As a fountain casts out her waters, so she casts out her wickedness: violence and spoil is heard in her...

Jeremiah 7:6-10 If you oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place...

Jeremiah 9:2-8 Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring men; that I might leave my people...

Jeremiah 23:10-14 For the land is full of adulterers; for because of swearing the land mourns; the pleasant places of the wilderness are dried up...

Ezekiel 22:2-13,25-30 Now, you son of man, will you judge, will you judge the bloody city? yes, you shall show her all her abominations...

Micah 2:1-3 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it...

Micah 3:2,9 Who hate the good, and love the evil; who pluck off their skin from off them, and their flesh from off their bones...

Micah 6:10 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is abominable?

Micah 7:2 The good man is perished out of the earth: and there is none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood...

Zephaniah 3:1 Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!

Zechariah 5:3 Then said he to me, This is the curse that goes forth over the face of the whole earth...

Zechariah 7:9 Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and show mercy and compassions every man to his brother:

blood. Heb. bloods. toucheth.

Hosea 5:2 And the rebels are profound to make slaughter, though I have been a rebuker of them all.

Hosea 6:9 And as troops of robbers wait for a man, so the company of priests murder in the way by consent: for they commit lewdness.

Lamentations 4:13 For the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the middle of her,

Matthew 23:35 That on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth...

Acts 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which showed before of the coming of the Just One...

1 Thessalonians 2:15 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:

Revelation 17:6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her...

Library
'Let Him Alone'
'Ephraim is joined to idols: let him alone.'--HOSEA iv. 17. The tribe of Ephraim was the most important member of the kingdom of Israel; consequently its name was not unnaturally sometimes used in a wider application for the whole of the kingdom, of which it was the principal part. Being the 'predominant partner,' its name was used alone for that of the whole firm, just as in our own empire, we often say 'England,' meaning thereby the three kingdoms: England, Scotland, and Ireland. So 'Ephraim' here
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Beth-El. Beth-Aven.
Josephus thus describes the land of Benjamin; "The Benjamites' portion of land was from the river Jordan to the sea, in length: in breadth, it was bounded by Jerusalem and Beth-el." Let these last words be marked, "The breadth of the land of Benjamin was bounded by Jerusalem and Beth-el." May we not justly conclude, from these words, that Jerusalem and Beth-el were opposite, as it were, in a right line? But if you look upon the maps, there are some that separate these by a very large tract of land,
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

"Destroyed for Lack of Knowledge"
God's favor toward Israel had always been conditional on their obedience. At the foot of Sinai they had entered into covenant relationship with Him as His "peculiar treasure. . . above all people." Solemnly they had promised to follow in the path of obedience. "All that the Lord hath spoken we will do," they had said. Exodus 19:5, 8. And when, a few days afterward, God's law was spoken from Sinai, and additional instruction in the form of statutes and judgments was communicated through Moses, the
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Joy
'The fruit of the Spirit is joy.' Gal 5:52. The third fruit of justification, adoption, and sanctification, is joy in the Holy Ghost. Joy is setting the soul upon the top of a pinnacle - it is the cream of the sincere milk of the word. Spiritual joy is a sweet and delightful passion, arising from the apprehension and feeling of some good, whereby the soul is supported under present troubles, and fenced against future fear. I. It is a delightful passion. It is contrary to sorrow, which is a perturbation
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Genesis 4:8
Now Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let's go out to the field." While they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.

Deuteronomy 5:11
"You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

Deuteronomy 5:18
"You shall not commit adultery.

Deuteronomy 5:19
"You shall not steal.

Isaiah 59:3
For your hands are stained with blood, your fingers with guilt. Your lips have spoken falsely, and your tongue mutters wicked things.

Jeremiah 9:2
Oh, that I had in the desert a lodging place for travelers, so that I might leave my people and go away from them; for they are all adulterers, a crowd of unfaithful people.

Jeremiah 23:10
The land is full of adulterers; because of the curse the land lies parched and the pastures in the wilderness are withered. The prophets follow an evil course and use their power unjustly.

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