Proverbs 28:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When the righteous triumph, there is great elation; but when the wicked rise to power, people go into hiding.

New Living Translation
When the godly succeed, everyone is glad. When the wicked take charge, people go into hiding.

English Standard Version
When the righteous triumph, there is great glory, but when the wicked rise, people hide themselves.

New American Standard Bible
When the righteous triumph, there is great glory, But when the wicked rise, men hide themselves.

King James Bible
When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the righteous triumph, there is great rejoicing, but when the wicked come to power, people hide themselves.

International Standard Version
When the righteous are victorious, there is great glory, but when the wicked arise, men hide themselves.

NET Bible
When the righteous rejoice, great is the glory, but when the wicked rise to power, people are sought out.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
By the strength of the righteous ones, glory increases, and in the rise of the evil ones it is diminished.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When righteous people triumph, there is great glory, but when wicked people rise, people hide themselves.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When the righteous rejoice, there is great glory, but when the wicked rise, the sane man hides himself.

King James 2000 Bible
When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, men hide themselves.

American King James Version
When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden.

American Standard Version
When the righteous triumph, there is great glory; But when the wicked rise, men hide themselves.

Douay-Rheims Bible
In the joy of the just there is great glory: when the wicked reign, men are ruined.

Darby Bible Translation
When the righteous triumph, there is great glory; but when the wicked rise, men conceal themselves.

English Revised Version
When the righteous triumph, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, men hide themselves.

Webster's Bible Translation
When righteous men rejoice, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden.

World English Bible
When the righteous triumph, there is great glory; but when the wicked rise, men hide themselves.

Young's Literal Translation
In the exulting of the righteous the glory is abundant, And in the rising of the wicked man is apprehensive.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

28:1 Sin makes men cowards. Whatever difficulties the righteous meet in the way of duty, they are not daunted. 2. National sins disturb the public repose. 3. If needy persons get opportunities of oppressing, their extortion will be more severe than that of the more wealthy. 4. Wicked people strengthen one another in wicked ways. 5. If a man seeks the Lord, it is a good sign that he understands much, and it is a good means of understanding more. 6. An honest, godly, poor man, is better than a wicked, ungodly, rich man; has more comfort in himself, and is a greater blessing to the world. 7. Companions of riotous men not only grieve their parents, but shame them. 8. That which is ill got, though it may increase much, will not last long. Thus the poor are repaid, and God is glorified. 9. The sinner at whose prayers God is angry, is one who obstinately refuses to obey God's commands. 10. The success of ungodly men is their own misery. 11. Rich men are so flattered, that they think themselves superior to others. 12. There is glory in the land when the righteous have liberty. 13. It is folly to indulge sin, and excuse it. He who covers his sins, shall not have any true peace. He who humbly confesses his sins, with true repentance and faith, shall find mercy from God. The Son of God is our great atonement. Under a deep sense of our guilt and danger, we may claim salvation from that mercy which reigns through righteousness unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ our Lord. 14. There is a fear which causes happiness. Faith and love will deliver from the fear of eternal misery; but we should always fear offending God, and fear sinning against him. 15. A wicked ruler, whatever we may call him, this scripture calls a roaring lion, and a ranging bear. 16. Oppressors want understanding; they do not consult their own honour, ease, and safety. 17. The murderer shall be haunted with terrors. None shall desire to save him from deserved punishment, nor pity him.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory (comp. Proverbs 29:2; Proverbs 11:10). "Rejoice," rather triumph, as conquerors, right prevailing and wickedness being overcome. Then there is great show of joy, and, as the expression implies, men put on their festal garments to do honorer to the occasion: See the description of Solomon's time (1 Kings 4:20, 25). If we take this verse in connection with ver. 2, we may see in it the triumph of order after a period of confusion and anarchy. Septuagint, "Through the help of righteous men great glory arises." But when the wicked rise, a man is hidden (comp. ver. 28, where, however, the verb is different). The Authorized Version m, one that when the wicked rise to power, people have to hide themselves in order to escape danger to life and property. The verb is more literally rendered, "are searched for," i.e. they have betaken themselves to hiding places, and have to be looked for; they fear oppression and injury, and venture no longer into the streets and open places. Vulgate,Regnantibus impiis ruinae hominum, "When evil men are m power, there is general ruin;" Septuagint, "In the places of the ungodly men are caught." Other interpretations of the proverb have been suggested, though none is so satisfactory as that given above. Thus some take the searching out to mean testing, in the sense that evil times try men's characters, and bring out their true nature (1 Corinthians 11:19). Others explain that, under the reign of the impious, men do not come forward to take part in public affairs, but retire sullenly into private life.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory,.... When it is well with them; when they are in prosperous circumstances; when they are countenanced and encouraged by the government under which they are; when they have the free exercise of their religion; and especially when they are advanced to places of profit, honour, and trust, which must make them cheerful and joyful; it is a glory to a land, it adds greatly to the glory of it, and a fine prospect there is of the increase and continuance of it;

but when the wicked rise: to honour and dignity, and are set in high places, and are in great power and authority, which they exercise to the distress of the righteous and all good men:

a man is hidden: a good man; he hides himself, as in Proverbs 28:28; he withdraws himself from court, from city, from company, from commerce, and business, because of the tyranny and persecution of wicked men; and flees to distant places, and wanders in deserts and mountains, in caves and dens of the earth; as some saints, under the Old Testament, did, and as the Church, in Gospel times, fled from the tyranny of antichrist into the wilderness, to hide herself: or, "a man is" or "shall be sought for" (i), and searched out; as wicked persecutors are very diligent to search for and find out such persons that hide themselves, and fetch them out of their hiding places, and cruelly use them.

(i) "investigabitur", Pagninus, Montanus; "exploratur", Tigurine version; "explorabitur", Baynus; "pervestigatur", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Michaelis.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

12. great glory—or, cause for it to a people, for the righteous rejoice in good, and righteousness exalts a nation (Pr 14:34).

a man … hidden—that is, the good retire, or all kinds try to escape a wicked rule.

Proverbs 28:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Righteous are as Bold as a Lion
11The rich man is wise in his own eyes, But the poor who has understanding sees through him. 12When the righteous triumph, there is great glory, But when the wicked rise, men hide themselves. 13He who conceals his transgressions will not prosper, But he who confesses and forsakes them will find compassion.…
Cross References
Proverbs 11:10
When the righteous prosper, the city rejoices; when the wicked perish, there are shouts of joy.

Proverbs 28:28
When the wicked rise to power, people go into hiding; but when the wicked perish, the righteous thrive.

Proverbs 29:2
When the righteous thrive, the people rejoice; when the wicked rule, the people groan.

Ecclesiastes 10:5
There is an evil I have seen under the sun, the sort of error that arises from a ruler:

Ecclesiastes 10:6
Fools are put in many high positions, while the rich occupy the low ones.
Treasury of Scripture

When righteous men do rejoice, there is great glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden.

righteous

Proverbs 28:28 When the wicked rise, men hide themselves: but when they perish, …

Proverbs 11:10 When it goes well with the righteous, the city rejoices: and when …

Proverbs 29:2 When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when …

1 Chronicles 15:25-28 So David, and the elders of Israel, and the captains over thousands…

1 Chronicles 16:7 Then on that day David delivered first this psalm to thank the LORD …

1 Chronicles 29:20-22 And David said to all the congregation, Now bless the LORD your God. …

2 Chronicles 7:10 And on the three and twentieth day of the seventh month he sent the …

2 Chronicles 30:22-27 And Hezekiah spoke comfortably to all the Levites that taught the …

Esther 8:15-17 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel …

Job 29:11-20 When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the eye saw me, …

Luke 19:37,38 And when he was come near, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives…

but

1 Samuel 24:11 Moreover, my father, see, yes, see the skirt of your robe in my hand: …

1 Kings 17:3 Get you hence, and turn you eastward, and hide yourself by the brook …

1 Kings 18:13 Was it not told my lord what I did when Jezebel slew the prophets of the LORD…

1 Kings 19:3 And when he saw that, he arose, and went for his life, and came to …

Ecclesiastes 10:6,16 Folly is set in great dignity, and the rich sit in low place…

Jeremiah 36:26 But the king commanded Jerahmeel the son of Hammelech, and Seraiah …

Hebrews 11:37,38 They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain …

hidden or sought for

Jeremiah 5:1 Run you to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, …

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