Proverbs 18:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The poor plead for mercy, but the rich answer harshly.

New Living Translation
The poor plead for mercy; the rich answer with insults.

English Standard Version
The poor use entreaties, but the rich answer roughly.

New American Standard Bible
The poor man utters supplications, But the rich man answers roughly.

King James Bible
The poor useth intreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The poor man pleads, but the rich one answers roughly.

International Standard Version
The poor person pleads for mercy, but the wealthy man responds harshly.

NET Bible
A poor person makes supplications, but a rich man answers harshly.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The poor man speaks humbly and the rich man speaks hard things.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A poor person is timid when begging, but a rich person is blunt when replying.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The poor uses intreaties, but the rich answer roughly.

King James 2000 Bible
The poor uses entreaties; but the rich answers roughly.

American King James Version
The poor uses entreaties; but the rich answers roughly.

American Standard Version
The poor useth entreaties; But the rich answereth roughly.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The poor will speak with supplications, and the rich will speak roughly.

Darby Bible Translation
He that is poor speaketh with supplications, but the rich answereth roughly.

English Revised Version
The poor useth entreaties: but the rich answereth roughly.

Webster's Bible Translation
The poor useth entreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.

World English Bible
The poor plead for mercy, but the rich answer harshly.

Young's Literal Translation
With supplications doth the poor speak, And the rich answereth fierce things.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

18:19. Great care must be taken to prevent quarrels among relations and those under obligations to each other. Wisdom and grace make it easy to forgive; but corruption makes it difficult. 20. The belly is here put for the heart, as elsewhere; and what that is filled with, our satisfaction will be accordingly, and our inward peace. 21. Many a one has caused his own death, or the death of others, by a false or injurious tongue. 22. A good wife is a great blessing to a man, and it is a token of Divine favour. 23. Poverty tells men they must not order or demand. And at the throne of God's grace we are all poor, and must use entreaties. 24. Christ Jesus never will forsake those who trust in and love him. May we be such friends to others, for our Master's sake. Having loved his own, which were in the world, he loved them unto the end; and we are his friends if we do whatever he commands us, Joh 15:14.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 23. - This and the following verse, and the first two verses of the next chapter, are not found in the chief manuscripts of the Septuagint, though in later codices they have been supplied from the version of Theodotion. The Codex Venetus Marcianus (23, Holmes and Parsons) is the only uncial that contains them. The poor useth intreaties; but the rich answereth roughly. The irony of the passage is more strongly expressed by Siracides: "The rich man hath done wrong, and yet he threateneth withal: the poor is wronged, and he must intreat also" (Ecclus. 13:3). The rich man not only does wrong, but accompanies the injury with passionate language and abuse, as if he were the sufferer; while the poor man has humbly to ask pardon, as if he were in the wrong. Thus the Roman satirist writes -

"Libertas pauperis haec est:
Pulsatus rogat et pugnis concisus adorat,
Ut liceat paucis cum dentibus inde reverti."

(Juv., 'Sat.,' 3:299.) Aben Ezra explains the verse as denoting that a poor man making a submissive request from a rich man is answered cruelly and roughly. The hardening effect of wealth is seen in our Lord's parables of Dives and Lazarus (Luke 16), and the Pharisee and the publican (Luke 18).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The poor useth entreaties,.... Or "supplications" (a); he is an humble supplicant to others for favours he asks in a submissive and lowly manner; he does not demand anything, nor prescribe what shall be done for him, but modestly tells his case, and submits it; so such who are poor in spirit are humble supplicants at the throne of grace;

but the rich answereth roughly; being proud and haughty, lifted up with their riches, and in fear of none, they answer others with hard and rough words, especially their inferiors, and particularly the poor. This is not what ought to be, but what commonly is. This verse and Proverbs 18:24 are not in the Arabic version.

(a) "supplicationes", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Mercerus, Michaelis.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

23. the rich … roughly—He is tolerated because rich, implying that the estimate of men by wealth is wrong.

Proverbs 18:23 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Unfriendly Pursue Selfishness
22He who finds a wife finds a good thing And obtains favor from the LORD. 23The poor man utters supplications, But the rich man answers roughly. 24A man of too many friends comes to ruin, But there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother.
Cross References
James 2:3
If you show special attention to the man wearing fine clothes and say, "Here's a good seat for you," but say to the poor man, "You stand there" or "Sit on the floor by my feet,"

James 2:6
But you have dishonored the poor. Is it not the rich who are exploiting you? Are they not the ones who are dragging you into court?

1 Kings 12:13
The king answered the people harshly. Rejecting the advice given him by the elders,

2 Chronicles 10:13
The king answered them harshly. Rejecting the advice of the elders,

Proverbs 19:7
The poor are shunned by all their relatives-- how much more do their friends avoid them! Though the poor pursue them with pleading, they are nowhere to be found.

Proverbs 22:7
The rich rule over the poor, and the borrower is slave to the lender.
Treasury of Scripture

The poor uses entreaties; but the rich answers roughly.

poor

Ruth 2:7 And she said, I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers …

1 Samuel 2:36 And it shall come to pass…

2 Kings 4:1,2 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets …

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have …

Matthew 5:3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

James 1:9-11 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted…

rich

Genesis 42:7,30 And Joseph saw his brothers, and he knew them, but made himself strange …

Exodus 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to …

1 Samuel 25:10,17 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is David? and …

James 2:3 And you have respect to him that wears the gay clothing, and say …

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