Proverbs 16:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The lips of a king speak as an oracle, and his mouth does not betray justice.

New Living Translation
The king speaks with divine wisdom; he must never judge unfairly.

English Standard Version
An oracle is on the lips of a king; his mouth does not sin in judgment.

New American Standard Bible
A divine decision is in the lips of the king; His mouth should not err in judgment.

King James Bible
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresseth not in judgment.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
God's verdict is on the lips of a king; his mouth should not give an unfair judgment.

International Standard Version
When a king is ready to speak officially, what he says should not err with respect to justice.

NET Bible
The divine verdict is in the words of the king, his pronouncements must not act treacherously against justice.

New Heart English Bible
Inspired judgments are on the lips of the king. He shall not betray his mouth.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
An oracle is upon the lips of the King, and his mouth will not err in judgment.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When a divine revelation is on a king's lips, he cannot voice a wrong judgment.

JPS Tanakh 1917
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king; His mouth trespasseth not in judgment.

New American Standard 1977
A divine decision is in the lips of the king;
            His mouth should not err in judgment.

Jubilee Bible 2000
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king; his mouth does not transgress in judgment.

King James 2000 Bible
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresses not in judgment.

American King James Version
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresses not in judgment.

American Standard Version
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king; His mouth shall not transgress in judgment.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Divination is in the lips of the king, his mouth shall not err in judgment.

Darby Bible Translation
An oracle is on the lips of the king: his mouth will not err in judgment.

English Revised Version
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth shall not transgress in judgment.

Webster's Bible Translation
A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresseth not in judgment.

World English Bible
Inspired judgments are on the lips of the king. He shall not betray his mouth.

Young's Literal Translation
An oath is on the lips of a king, In judgment his mouth trespasseth not.
Study Bible
The Tongue's Answer is from the Lord
9The mind of man plans his way, But the LORD directs his steps. 10A divine decision is in the lips of the king; His mouth should not err in judgment. 11A just balance and scales belong to the LORD; All the weights of the bag are His concern.…
Cross References
1 Kings 3:28
When all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had handed down, they feared the king, for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him to administer justice.

2 Chronicles 26:16
But when he became strong, his heart was so proud that he acted corruptly, and he was unfaithful to the LORD his God, for he entered the temple of the LORD to burn incense on the altar of incense.
Treasury of Scripture

A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresses not in judgment.

a divine sentence

Proverbs 16:12,13 It is an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne …

Genesis 44:5,15 Is not this it in which my lord drinks, and whereby indeed he divines? …

Deuteronomy 17:18-20 And it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom…

2 Samuel 23:3,4 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, He that rules …

Psalm 45:6,7 Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the scepter of your kingdom …

Psalm 72:1-4 Give the king your judgments, O God, and your righteousness to the king's son…

Psalm 99:4 The king's strength also loves judgment; you do establish equity, …

Isaiah 32:1,2 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule …

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David …

transgresseth

Hosea 10:4 They have spoken words, swearing falsely in making a covenant: thus …

Amos 5:7 You who turn judgment to wormwood, and leave off righteousness in the earth,

Amos 6:12 Shall horses run on the rock? will one plow there with oxen? for …

(10) His mouth transgresseth not in judgment.--Or, should not transgress, as being the representative of God upon earth, and so distinguished by the title of "God" himself (Psalm 82:6). This verse recalls the days of Solomon's youth, when it was his highest aspiration to judge his people righteously (1Kings 3:9). Comp. David's noble words (2Samuel 23:3).

Verse 10. - A Divine sentence is in the lips of the king. קֶסֶם (quesem) is "divination," "soothsaying," oracular utterance. Septuagint, μαντεῖον. The king's words have, in people's minds, the certainty and importance of a Divine oracle, putting an end to all controversy or division of opinion. It seems to be a general maxim, not especially referring to Solomon or the theocratic kingdom, but rather indicating the traditional view of the absolute monarchy. The custom of deifying kings and invoking them as gods was usual in Egypt and Eastern countries, and made its way to the West. "It is the voice of a god, and not of a man," cried the people, when Herod addressed them in the amphitheatre at Caesarea (Acts 12:22). The Greeks could say -

Αἰκὼν δὲ βασιλεύς ἐστιν ἔμψυχος Θεοῦ.

"God's very living image is the king." And thus his utterances were regarded as irrefragably true and decisive. His month transgresseth not in judgment. The decisions which he gives are infallible, and, at any rate, irresistible. We may refer to Solomon's famous verdict concerning the two mothers (1 Kings 3:16, etc.), and such sentences as Proverbs 8:15, "By me (wisdom) kings reign, and princes decree justice" (see below on ver. 12; Proverbs 21:1); and David's words (2 Samuel 23:4), "He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God" (Wisd. 9:4, 10, 12). Delitzsch regards the second hemistich as giving a warning (consequent on the former clause), and not stating a fact, "In the judgment his mouth should not err." The present chapter contains many admonitions to kings which a wise father like Solomon may have uttered and recorded for the benefit of his son. If this is the case, it is as strange as it is true that Rehoboam made little use of the counsels, and that Solomon's latter days gave the lie to many of them. A divine sentence is in the lips of the king,.... Or "divination" (f), as the word signifies; or what is like to divination, as Aben Ezra and Gersom interpret it (g). What be says is as an oracle, and should be strictly true. Some understand it of the sagacity and penetration of kings, as was in Solomon, and appeared in his judging the two harlots; but such is not to be found in kings in common: rather therefore this expresses and designs what should be, and not what is, in kings. These, as the kings of Israel, ought to have the book of God before them, and read in it, and judge and pronounce sentence in every case according to it; they should speak as the oracles of God; and, when they do, a divine sentence may be said to be in their lips. But it is best to understand this of the King of kings, of the King Messiah; into whose lips grace is poured, and from whence none but words of wisdom, grace, and truth, flow; who taught the way of God in truth; who had the word of God in his heart and in his month continually; and on whom the Spirit of wisdom without measure dwelt; and is the wisdom and word of God, as well as the power of God;

his mouth transgresseth not in judgment; this cannot be said of any earthly king; they ought not indeed to transgress in judgment with their mouths, but it is notorious that they too often do: could this be applied to kings in common, they would have a better claim to infallibility than the pope of Rome has. But this is true of Christ, the King of saints; who is a King that reigns in righteousness, and decrees judgment; sits upon his throne, to order and establish it with judgment: nor does his mouth ever transgress in judgment, or ever say, or he do, a wrong thing; his sceptre is a sceptre of righteousness.

(f) "divinatio", V. L. Pagninus, Montanus, Cocceius, Gejerus, Michaelis, Schultens. (g) So Vatablus, Mercerus, Piscator. 10. The last clause depends on the first, expressing the importance of equity in decisions, so authoritative.16:4. God makes use of the wicked to execute righteous vengeance on each other; and he will be glorified by their destruction at last. 5. Though sinners strengthen themselves and one another, they shall not escape God's judgments. 6. By the mercy and truth of God in Christ Jesus, the sins of believers are taken away, and the power of sin is broken. 7. He that has all hearts in his hand, can make a man's enemies to be at peace with him. 8. A small estate, honestly come by, will turn to better account than a great estate ill-gotten. 9. If men make God's glory their end, and his will their rule, he will direct their steps by his Spirit and grace. 10. Let kings and judges of the earth be just, and rule in the fear of God. 11. To observe justice in dealings between man and man is God's appointment.
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