Proverbs 19:10
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
It is not fitting for a fool to live in luxury-- how much worse for a slave to rule over princes!

New Living Translation
It isn't right for a fool to live in luxury or for a slave to rule over princes!

English Standard Version
It is not fitting for a fool to live in luxury, much less for a slave to rule over princes.

New American Standard Bible
Luxury is not fitting for a fool; Much less for a slave to rule over princes.

King James Bible
Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Luxury is not appropriate for a fool-- how much less for a slave to rule over princes!

International Standard Version
It's not fitting for a fool to live in luxury; neither is it for a servant to rule over princes.

NET Bible
Luxury is not appropriate for a fool; how much less for a servant to rule over princes!

New Heart English Bible
Delicate living is not appropriate for a fool, much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
A delicacy is not fitting for a fool, neither for a Servant to rule among princes.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Luxury does not fit a fool, much less a slave ruling princes.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Luxury is not seemly for a fool; Much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

New American Standard 1977
Luxury is not fitting for a fool;
            Much less for a slave to rule over princes.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Delight is not suitable for a fool; much less for a slave to have rule over princes.

King James 2000 Bible
Luxury is not fitting for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

American King James Version
Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

American Standard Version
Delicate living is not seemly for a fool; Much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Delicacies are not seemly for a fool: nor for a servant to have rule over princes.

Darby Bible Translation
Good living beseemeth not a fool; how much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

English Revised Version
Delicate living is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

Webster's Bible Translation
Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

World English Bible
Delicate living is not appropriate for a fool, much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

Young's Literal Translation
Luxury is not comely for a fool, Much less for a servant to rule among princes.
Study Bible
Better is the Poor Man with Integrity
9A false witness will not go unpunished, And he who tells lies will perish. 10Luxury is not fitting for a fool; Much less for a slave to rule over princes. 11A man's discretion makes him slow to anger, And it is his glory to overlook a transgression.…
Cross References
Proverbs 17:7
Excellent speech is not fitting for a fool, Much less are lying lips to a prince.

Proverbs 26:1
Like snow in summer and like rain in harvest, So honor is not fitting for a fool.

Proverbs 30:22
Under a slave when he becomes king, And a fool when he is satisfied with food,

Ecclesiastes 10:6
folly is set in many exalted places while rich men sit in humble places.

Ecclesiastes 10:7
I have seen slaves riding on horses and princes walking like slaves on the land.
Treasury of Scripture

Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have rule over princes.

delight

Proverbs 30:21,22 For three things the earth is disquieted, and for four which it cannot bear…

1 Samuel 25:36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, …

Esther 3:15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and …

Isaiah 5:11,12 Woe to them that rise up early in the morning, that they may follow …

Isaiah 22:12-14 And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to …

Hosea 7:3-5 They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with …

Hosea 9:1 Rejoice not, O Israel, for joy, as other people: for you have gone …

Amos 6:3-6 You that put far away the evil day, and cause the seat of violence …

Luke 16:19,23 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple and fine …

James 4:9 Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to …

much

2 Samuel 3:24,25,39 Then Joab came to the king, and said, What have you done? behold, …

Ecclesiastes 10:5-7 There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, as an error which …

Isaiah 3:5 And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every …

(10) Delight is not seemly for a fool.--He is ruined by prosperity and luxury: much more is a slave unfit to rule over princes. The writer has in his mind the case of an emancipated slave being raised to high place by court favour, and then insolently trampling on those who were once far above him. (Comp. Proverbs 30:22; Ecclesiastes 10:6-7.)

Verse 10. - Delight is not seemly for a fool (comp. Proverbs 17:7; Proverbs 26:1). Taanug, rendered "delight," implies other delicate living, luxury; τρυφή, Septuagint. Such a life is ruin to a fool. who knows not how to use it properly; it confirms him in his foolish, sinful ways. A man needs religion and reason to enable him to bear prosperity advantageously, and these the fool lacks. "Secundae res," remarks Sallust ('Catil.,' 11), "sapientium animos fatigant," "Even wise men are wearied and harassed by prosperity," much more must such good fortune try those who have no practical wisdom to guide and control their enjoyment. Vatablus explains the clause to mean that it is impossible for a fool, a sinner, to enjoy peace of conscience, which alone is true delight. But looking to the next clause, we see that the moralist is thinking primarily of the elevation of a slave to a high position, and his arrogance in consequence thereof. Much less for a servant to have rule over princes. By the unwise favouritism of a potentate, a slave of lowly birth might be raised to eminence and set above the nobles and princes of the land. The writer of Ecclesiastes gives his experience in this matter: "I have seen servants upon horses, and princes walking as servants upon the earth" (Ecclesiastes 10:7). The same anomaly is mentioned with censure (Proverbs 30:22 and Ecclus. 11:5). What is the behaviour of unworthy persons thus suddenly raised to high position has formed the subject of many a satire. It is the old story of the "beggar on horseback." A German proverb declares, "Kein Scheermesser scharfer schiest, als wenn der Bauer zu Herrn wird." Claud., 'In Eutrop.,' 181, etc.

"Asperius nihil est humili, quum surgit in altum;
Cuncta ferit, dum cuncta timet; desaevit in omnes,
Ut se posse putent; nec bellua tetrior ulla
Quam servi rabies in libera colla furentis."
As an example of a different disposition, Cornelius a Lapide refers to the history of Agathocles. Tyrant of Syracuse, who rose from the humble occupation of a potter to a position of vast power, and, to remind himself of his lowly origin, used to dine off mean earthenware. Ausonius thus alludes to this humility ('Epigr.,' 8.) -

"Fama est fictilibus coenasse Agathoclea regem,
Atque abacum Samio saepe onerasse luto;
Fercula gemmatis cum poneret horrida vasis,
Et misceret opes pauperiemque simul.


Quaerenti causam, respondit: Rex ego qui sum
Sicaniae, figulo sum genitore satus
Fortunam reverenter habe, quicunque repente
Dives ab exili progrediere loco."
Delight is not seemly for a fool,.... Such an one as Nabal, whose name and nature were alike; and whose prosperity ill became him, and the mirth and delight he had in it, 1 Samuel 25:25; for, as the wise man elsewhere says, "the prosperity of fools shall destroy them", Proverbs 1:26; they do not know how to make a right use of their prosperity; nor to moderate their enjoyments, pleasures, and delights. Some understand this of spiritual delight in the Lord; in his ways and ordinances, which wicked men are strangers to: and a very uncomely thing it is for such persons to talk of spiritual joy and delight, and of their communion with God, when they live in sin;

much less for a servant to have rule over princes; this was a sight which Solomon had seen, but was very disagreeable to him; and was one of the four things the earth cannot bear; the insolence of a servant, when he becomes master over his superiors, is intolerable; see Proverbs 30:22. It may be spiritually applied to such who are servants of sin; to whose sensual appetites and carnal affections the more noble and princely powers of the soul, the understanding and mind, become subject; which is very improper and unseemly. 10. (Compare Pr 17:7). The fool is incapable of properly using pleasure as knowledge, yet for him to have it is less incongruous than the undue elevation of servants. Let each abide in his calling (1Co 7:20).19:3. Men run into troubles by their own folly, and then fret at the appointments of God. 4. Here we may see how strong is men's love of money. 5. Those that tell lies in discourse, are in a fair way to be guilty of bearing false-witness. 6. We are without excuse if we do not love God with all our hearts. His gifts to us are past number, and all the gifts of men to us are fruits of his bounty. 7. Christ was left by all his disciples; but the Father was with him. It encourages our faith that he had so large an experience of the sorrows of poverty. 8. Those only love their souls aright that get true wisdom. 9. Lying is a damning, destroying sin. 10. A man that has not wisdom and grace, has no right or title to true joy. It is very unseemly for one who is a servant to sin, to oppress God's free-men.
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