Proverbs 21:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The wise store up choice food and olive oil, but fools gulp theirs down.

New Living Translation
The wise have wealth and luxury, but fools spend whatever they get.

English Standard Version
Precious treasure and oil are in a wise man’s dwelling, but a foolish man devours it.

New American Standard Bible
There is precious treasure and oil in the dwelling of the wise, But a foolish man swallows it up.

King James Bible
There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth it up.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Precious treasure and oil are in the dwelling of a wise person, but a foolish man consumes them.

International Standard Version
Precious treasures and oil are found where the wise live, but a foolish man devours them.

NET Bible
There is desirable treasure and olive oil in the dwelling of the wise, but a foolish person devours all he has.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
There is coveted treasure and oil in the dwelling of a wise man and the intelligent of the children of men will consume it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Costly treasure and wealth are in the home of a wise person, but a fool devours them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spends it up.

King James 2000 Bible
There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spends it up.

American King James Version
There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spends it up.

American Standard Version
There is precious treasure and oil in the dwelling of the wise; But a foolish man swalloweth it up.

Douay-Rheims Bible
There is a treasure to be desired, and oil in the dwelling of the just: and the foolish man shall spend it.

Darby Bible Translation
There is costly store and oil in the dwelling of a wise [man]; but a foolish man swalloweth it up.

English Revised Version
There is precious treasure and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man swalloweth it up.

Webster's Bible Translation
There is a treasure to be desired, and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth it up.

World English Bible
There is precious treasure and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man swallows it up.

Young's Literal Translation
A treasure to be desired, and oil, Is in the habitation of the wise, And a foolish man swalloweth it up.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

21:9. It is best to shun bitter contention by pouring out the heart before God. For by prudence and patience, with constant prayer, the cross may be removed. 10. The evil desires of a wicked man's heart, lead to baseness in his conduct. 11. The simple may be made wise by punishments on the wicked, and by instructions to those who are willing to be taught. 12. Good men envy not the prosperity of evil-doers; they see there is a curse on them. 13. Such as oppress the poor by beating down wages, such as will not relieve according to their ability those in distress, and those in authority who neglect to do justice, stop their ears at the cry of the poor. But doubtless care is to be used in the exercise of charity. 14. If money can conquer the fury of the passions, shall reason, the fear of God, and the command of Christ, be too weak to bridle them? 15. There is true pleasure only in the practice of religion. 16. Of all wanderers in the ways of sin, those are in the most dangerous condition who turn aside into the ways of darkness. Yet there is hope even for them in the all-sufficient Saviour; but let them flee to him without delay. 17. A life of worldly pleasure brings ruin on men. 18. The righteous is often delivered out of trouble, and the wicked comes in his stead, and so seems as a ransom for him. 19. Unbridled passions spoil the comfort of all relations. 20. The plenty obtained by prudence, industry, and frugality, is desirable. But the foolish misspend what they have upon their lusts. 21. True repentance and faith will lead him that relies on the mercy of God in Christ, to follow after righteousness and mercy in his own conduct. 22. Those that have wisdom, often do great things, even against those confident of their strength. 23. It is our great concern to keep our souls from being entangled and disquieted. 24. Pride and haughtiness make men passionate; such continually deal in wrath, as if it were their trade to be angry. 25,26. Here is the misery of the slothful; their hands refuse to labour in an honest calling, by which they might get an honest livelihood; yet their hearts cease not to covet riches, pleasures, and honours, which cannot be obtained without labour. But the righteous and industrious have their desires satisfied. 27. When holiness is pretended, but wickedness intended, that especially is an abomination. 28. The doom of a false witness is certain. 29. A wicked man bids defiance to the terrors of the law and the rebukes of Providence. But a good man asks, What does God require of me? 30,31. Means are to be used, but, after all, our safety and salvation are only of the Lord. In our spiritual warfare we must arm ourselves with the whole armour of God; but our strength must be in the Lord, and in the power of his might.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 20. - There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise. Precious treasure and store of provision and rich unguents (ver. 17) are collected in the house of the wise man, by which he may fare sumptuously, exercise hospitality, and lay up for the future (comp. Proverbs 24:4). But a foolish man spendeth it up. "A fool of a man" (Proverbs 15:20) soon swallows, runs through and exhausts, all that has been accumulated (ver. 17). Septuagint, "A desirable ἐπιθυμητὸς treasure will rest on the mouth of the wise, but foolish men will swallow it up." It is obvious to apply the maxim to spiritual things, seeing in it the truth that the really wise man stores up treasures of Divine love and the oil of God's grace, while the foolish man wastes his opportunities, squanders his powers, and drives the Holy Spirit from him.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

There is a treasure to be desired,.... Gold, silver, jewels, and precious stones; all sorts food, as Aben Ezra explains it, and rich and costly, raiment; all which may be lawfully desired and sought after, and, when obtained, laid up for future use; which may be spared for their own service and that of posterity: but there are riches of grace, a pearl of great price and treasure in heaven, more desirable than these, Matthew 6:19;

and oil in the dwelling of the wise; which is particularly mentioned, because a principal blessing of the land of Canaan; much used for food, and was for delight and refreshment: and something of this was in the house of every wise, provident, and industrious man, for the use of him and his family; even though he lived but in a "cottage", as the word (f) signifies this is an emblem of the grace of God, which is sometimes compared to oil; which a wise man is chiefly concerned, that it may be in his heart, in his house, and in his family;

but a foolish man spendeth it up; the oil; he swallows it up at once, as soon as he has got it, and wastes and lavishes away what his wise father had provided for him. This may refer not to oil only, but to the desired treasure, wealth, riches, substance of every sort, he is heir to and becomes possessed of; and which, in a spiritual sense, may be applied to a foolish wicked man, who misspends his time, neglects the means of grace, and all opportunities by which men grow rich and wise in spiritual things; see Matthew 25:1.

(f) "tuguirolum", Mercerus, Gejerus.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

20. The wise, by diligence and care, lay up and increase wealth, while fools

spend—literally, "swallow it up," greedily.

Proverbs 21:20 Additional Commentaries
Context
The King's Heart is in the Lord's Hand
19It is better to live in a desert land Than with a contentious and vexing woman. 20There is precious treasure and oil in the dwelling of the wise, But a foolish man swallows it up. 21He who pursues righteousness and loyalty Finds life, righteousness and honor.…
Cross References
Job 20:15
He will spit out the riches he swallowed; God will make his stomach vomit them up.

Job 20:18
What he toiled for he must give back uneaten; he will not enjoy the profit from his trading.

Psalm 112:3
Wealth and riches are in their houses, and their righteousness endures forever.

Proverbs 8:21
bestowing a rich inheritance on those who love me and making their treasuries full.

Proverbs 14:24
The wealth of the wise is their crown, but the folly of fools yields folly.

Proverbs 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life.
Treasury of Scripture

There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spends it up.

treasure

Proverbs 10:22 The blessing of the LORD, it makes rich, and he adds no sorrow with it.

Proverbs 15:6 In the house of the righteous is much treasure: but in the revenues …

Psalm 112:3 Wealth and riches shall be in his house: and his righteousness endures for ever.

Ecclesiastes 5:19 Every man also to whom God has given riches and wealth, and has given …

Ecclesiastes 7:11 Wisdom is good with an inheritance: and by it there is profit to …

Ecclesiastes 10:19 A feast is made for laughter, and wine makes merry: but money answers …

Matthew 6:19,20 Lay not up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust …

Luke 6:45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth that …

oil

Psalm 23:5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies: you …

Jeremiah 41:8 But ten men were found among them that said to Ishmael, Slay us not: …

Matthew 25:3,4 They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them…

but

Matthew 25:3,4,8 They that were foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them…

Luke 15:14 And when he had spent all, there arose a mighty famine in that land; …

Luke 16:1,19-25 And he said also to his disciples, There was a certain rich man, …

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