Proverbs 30:22
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
a servant who becomes king, a godless fool who gets plenty to eat,

New Living Translation
a slave who becomes a king, an overbearing fool who prospers,

English Standard Version
a slave when he becomes king, and a fool when he is filled with food;

New American Standard Bible
Under a slave when he becomes king, And a fool when he is satisfied with food,

King James Bible
For a servant when he reigneth; and a fool when he is filled with meat;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
a servant when he becomes king, a fool when he is stuffed with food,

International Standard Version
Under a slave when he becomes a king, a fool when he is overfed,

NET Bible
under a servant who becomes king, under a fool who is stuffed with food,

New Heart English Bible
For a servant when he is king; a fool when he is filled with food;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Under a Servant when he will reign, and under a fool when he is filled with bread,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
a slave when he becomes king, a godless fool when he is filled with food,

JPS Tanakh 1917
For a servant when he reigneth; And a churl when he is filled with food;

New American Standard 1977
Under a slave when he becomes king,
            And a fool when he is satisfied with food,

Jubilee Bible 2000
For a slave when he reigns; and a fool when he is filled with bread;

King James 2000 Bible
For a servant when he reigns; and a fool when he is filled with food;

American King James Version
For a servant when he reigns; and a fool when he is filled with meat;

American Standard Version
For a servant when he is king; And a fool when he is filled with food;

Douay-Rheims Bible
By a slave when he reigneth: by a fool when he is filled with meat:

Darby Bible Translation
Under a servant when he reigneth, and a churl when he is filled with meat;

English Revised Version
For a servant when he is king; and a fool when he is filled with meat;

Webster's Bible Translation
For a servant when he reigneth; and a fool when he is filled with food.

World English Bible
For a servant when he is king; a fool when he is filled with food;

Young's Literal Translation
For a servant when he reigneth, And a fool when he is satisfied with bread,
Study Bible
The Words of Agur
21Under three things the earth quakes, And under four, it cannot bear up: 22Under a slave when he becomes king, And a fool when he is satisfied with food, 23Under an unloved woman when she gets a husband, And a maidservant when she supplants her mistress.…
Cross References
Proverbs 19:10
Luxury is not fitting for a fool; Much less for a slave to rule over princes.

Proverbs 30:21
Under three things the earth quakes, And under four, it cannot bear up:

Proverbs 30:23
Under an unloved woman when she gets a husband, And a maidservant when she supplants her mistress.

Ecclesiastes 10:7
I have seen slaves riding on horses and princes walking like slaves on the land.
Treasury of Scripture

For a servant when he reigns; and a fool when he is filled with meat;

a servant

Proverbs 19:10 Delight is not seemly for a fool; much less for a servant to have …

Proverbs 28:3 A poor man that oppresses the poor is like a sweeping rain which leaves no food.

Ecclesiastes 10:7 I have seen servants on horses, and princes walking as servants on the earth.

Isaiah 3:4,5 And I will give children to be their princes, and babes shall rule over them…

a fool

1 Samuel 25:3,10,11,25,36-38 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: …

1 Samuel 30:16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad …

(22) For a servant when he reigneth.--The mischief done by Oriental favourites at court, who often began life as slaves, was proverbial.

A fool (n?bh?l).--See above, on Proverbs 17:7. It is only when he has to work hard for his living that he will behave himself decently; if he gets a little money, it will soon be wasted in idleness and self-indulgence.

Verse 22. - For a servant when he reigneth; or, under a slave when he becometh king. This startling vicissitude was not uncommon in Eastern states; and even if the slave was not preferred to regal power, he was often advanced by unwise favouritism to high position, for which he was wholly unfitted, and which he used only to aggrandize himself at the expense and to the injury of others, This incongruity has been already noticed at Proverbs 19:10 (where see note). And a fool when he is filled with meat. "Fool" is here nabal, a low, profligate fellow, who is rich and without care. When such a one rises to high position, or has power over others, he becomes arrogant, selfish, unbearable (comp. ver. 9; Proverbs 28:12; Proverbs 29:2). For a servant, when he reigneth,.... Being unfit for it through his education, not having been trained up in and learned the arts of government and maxims of it; and through the disposition of his mind, which is mean, abject, and servile; and as he has been used himself when a servant, so he will use others (c) and through his circumstances, being poor, he will take oppressive methods to become rich; and being raised from a low estate, he is the more imperious, proud, and haughty (d); all which and more make his reign intolerable; see Proverbs 19:10. This may be applied to antichrist, the "servus servorum", who in a haughty, tyrannical, and insolent manner, exalts himself above all that is called God: and reigns over the kings of the earth, at least has done so, and that in such a manner as was unbearable; deposing kings at pleasure, disposing of their kingdoms, and trampling upon their necks, and making their subjects his vassals; see 2 Thessalonians 2:4;

and a fool, when he is filled with meat; as Nabal at his feast, when he behaved so intolerably in his cups towards David and his messengers, that he determined on his destruction, had not Abigail interposed, 1 Samuel 25:10; and there are many such fools, who having their bellies full of food, and their heads full of liquor, are very overbearing in company, and give their tongues such a loose as is very disturbing: or this may intend such fools, or wicked men, who are full of wealth and riches, and being purse proud, are exceeding haughty and insolent; set their mouths against the heaven, and blaspheme God that is in it; and their tongues walk through the earth, and spare none, but lash all in an insufferable manner. These disquiet families, neighbourhoods, communities, and commonwealths; see Psalm 73:7.

(c) "Nec bellua tetrior ulla est, quam servi rabies in libera colla furentis", Claudian. in Eutrop. l. 1. v. 183, 184. (d) "Asperius nihil est humili, cum surgit in altum", Claudian. ib. v. 181. 30:10 Slander not a servant to his master, accuse him not in small matters, to make mischief. 11-14. In every age there are monsters of ingratitude who ill-treat their parents. Many persuade themselves they are holy persons, whose hearts are full of sin, and who practise secret wickedness. There are others whose lofty pride is manifest. There have also been cruel monsters in every age. 15-17. Cruelty and covetousness are two daughters of the horseleech, that still cry, Give, give, and they are continually uneasy to themselves. Four things never are satisfied, to which these devourers are compared. Those are never rich that are always coveting. And many who have come to a bad end, have owned that their wicked courses began by despising their parents' authority. 18-20. Four things cannot be fully known. The kingdom of nature is full of marvels. The fourth is a mystery of iniquity; the cursed arts by which a vile seducer gains the affections of a female; and the arts which a vile woman uses to conceal her wickedness. 21-23 Four sorts of persons are very troublesome. Men of low origin and base spirit, who, getting authority, become tyrants. Foolish and violent men indulging in excesses. A woman of a contentious spirit and vicious habits. A servant who has obtained undue influence. Let those whom Providence has advanced from low beginnings, carefully watch against that sin which most easily besets them.
Jump to Previous
Bread Churl Filled Food Fool Full Increased Meat Reigneth Satisfied Sense Servant Slave Wealth
Jump to Next
Bread Churl Filled Food Fool Full Increased Meat Reigneth Satisfied Sense Servant Slave Wealth
Links
Proverbs 30:22 NIV
Proverbs 30:22 NLT
Proverbs 30:22 ESV
Proverbs 30:22 NASB
Proverbs 30:22 KJV

Proverbs 30:22 Biblia Paralela
Proverbs 30:22 Chinese Bible
Proverbs 30:22 French Bible
Proverbs 30:22 German Bible

Alphabetical: a And becomes food fool full he is king of satisfied servant slave Under when who with

OT Poetry: Proverbs 30:22 For a servant when he is king (Prov. Pro Pr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Proverbs 30:21
Top of Page
Top of Page