New International Version
She gets up while it is still night; she provides food for her family and portions for her female servants.
New Living Translation
She gets up before dawn to prepare breakfast for her household and plan the day's work for her servant girls.
English Standard Version
She rises while it is yet night and provides food for her household and portions for her maidens.
New American Standard Bible
She rises also while it is still night And gives food to her household And portions to her maidens.
King James Bible
She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens.
Holman Christian Standard Bible
She rises while it is still night and provides food for her household and portions for her female servants.
International Standard Version
She rises while it is still night, preparing meals for her family and providing for her women servants.
She also gets up while it is still night, and provides food for her household and a portion to her female servants.
Aramaic Bible in Plain English
She is risen in the night and has given food to the children in her house, and work to her girls.
GOD'S WORD® Translation
She wakes up while it is still dark and gives food to her family and portions of food to her female slaves.
Jubilee Bible 2000
Vau She rose up even at night and gave food to her family and a portion to her maidens.
King James 2000 Bible
She rises also while it is yet night, and gives food to her household, and a portion to her maidservants.
American King James Version
She rises also while it is yet night, and gives meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens.
American Standard Version
She riseth also while it is yet night, And giveth food to her household, And their task to her maidens.
And she hath risen in the night, and given a prey to her household, and victuals to her maidens.
Darby Bible Translation
And she riseth while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and the day's work to her maidens.
English Revised Version
She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and their task to her maidens.
Webster's Bible Translation
She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth food to her household, and a portion to her maidens.
World English Bible
She rises also while it is yet night, gives food to her household, and portions for her servant girls.
Young's Literal Translation
Yea, she riseth while yet night, And giveth food to her household, And a portion to her damsels.
Parallel CommentariesMatthew Henry's Concise Commentary
31:10-31 This is the description of a virtuous woman of those days, but the general outlines equally suit every age and nation. She is very careful to recommend herself to her husband's esteem and affection, to know his mind, and is willing that he rule over her. 1. She can be trusted, and he will leave such a wife to manage for him. He is happy in her. And she makes it her constant business to do him good. 2. She is one that takes pains in her duties, and takes pleasure in them. She is careful to fill up time, that none be lost. She rises early. She applies herself to the business proper for her, to women's business. She does what she does, with all her power, and trifles not. 3. She makes what she does turn to good account by prudent management. Many undo themselves by buying, without considering whether they can afford it. She provides well for her house. She lays up for hereafter. 4. She looks well to the ways of her household, that she may oblige all to do their duty to God and one another, as well as to her. 5. She is intent upon giving as upon getting, and does it freely and cheerfully. 6. She is discreet and obliging; every word she says, shows she governs herself by the rules of wisdom. She not only takes prudent measures herself, but gives prudent advice to others. The law of love and kindness is written in the heart, and shows itself in the tongue. Her heart is full of another world, even when her hands are most busy about this world. 7. Above all, she fears the Lord. Beauty recommends none to God, nor is it any proof of wisdom and goodness, but it has deceived many a man who made his choice of a wife by it. But the fear of God reigning in the heart, is the beauty of the soul; it lasts for ever. 8. She has firmness to bear up under crosses and disappointments. She shall reflect with comfort when she comes to be old, that she was not idle or useless when young. She shall rejoice in a world to come. She is a great blessing to her relations. If the fruit be good, the tree must have our good word. But she leaves it to her own works to praise her. Every one ought to desire this honour that cometh from God; and according to this standard we all ought to regulate our judgments. This description let all women daily study, who desire to be truly beloved and respected, useful and honourable. This passage is to be applied to individuals, but may it not also be applied to the church of God, which is described as a virtuous spouse? God by his grace has formed from among sinful men a church of true believers, to possess all the excellences here described.
Verse 15. - VAV. She riseth also while it is yet night. Before dawn she is up and stirring, to be ready for her daily occupation. A lamp is always kept burning at night in Eastern houses, and as it is of very small dimensions, the careful housewife has to rise at midnight to replenish the oil, and she often then begins her household work by grinding the corn or preparing something for next day's meals (comp. ver. 18). Early rising before any great undertaking is continually mentioned in Scripture (see Genesis 19:2; Genesis 22:3; Psalm 57:8; Jeremiah 7:13; Jeremiah 25:4, etc.; Mark 16:2; John 20:1). And giveth meat to her household; deditquae praedam domesticis suis, Vulgate. The word for "meat" is tereph, which means "food torn in pieces" with the teeth (Psalm 111:5), and hence food to be eaten. The wife thus early prepares or distributes the food which will be wanted for the day. And a portion to her maidens. Chok, "final portion," may apply either to work or food. The Vulgate has cibaria, "meat;" Septuagint, ἔργα, "tasks." The former, which is in accordance with Proverbs 30:8, would be merely a repetition of the second clause, the meat mentioned there being here called the allotted portion, and would be simply tautological. If we take it in the sense of "appointed labour," we get a new idea, very congruous with the housewife's activity (comp. Exodus 5:14, where the same word is used in the case of the enforced labour of the Israelites).
Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible
She riseth also while it is yet night,.... That is, before the ascent of the morning, as Aben Ezra explains it, before break of day; a great while before day, as Christ is said to rise to pray, Mark 1:35; while it was yet dark; so the church here: which shows her affection for her family, her care of her children, and fervent zeal for her husband's interest and good; a different frame of spirit this from that of hers in Sol 5:2;
and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens; in allusion to a daily stated allowance (q) of food given to such; and spiritually may be meant, by her "household" or family, the same with the family of Christ, that is named of himself, which consists of various persons, fathers, young men, and children; and by her "maidens" the ministers of the word; see Proverbs 9:3; who are stewards in the family, and have the food for it put into their hands to dispense; it is by these the church gives meat to her household feeds them with knowledge and understanding, with the wholesome words of Christ, with the good doctrines of the Gospel; these have a certain portion given them, and they rightly cut and divide the word of truth, and give to everyone their portion of meat in due season, according to their age and circumstances; milk indeed to babes and meat to strong men; see Luke 12:42. The Targum renders the word for "portion by service": understanding not a portion of food, but of work, a task set them, and so the word is used in Exodus 5:14. The Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic versions, render it, "works", which may be very well applied to the work and service of the Gospel ministry, and the several parts of it.
(q) "Gauldetque diurnos, ut famulae, praebere cibos", Claudian. de Bello Gild. v. 71, 72.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
15. She diligently attends to expending as well as gathering wealth;
Proverbs 31:15 Additional Commentaries
The Virtues of Noble Woman
…14She is like merchant ships; She brings her food from afar. 15She rises also while it is still night And gives food to her household And portions to her maidens. 16She considers a field and buys it; From her earnings she plants a vineyard.…
The Lord answered, "Who then is the faithful and wise manager, whom the master puts in charge of his servants to give them their food allowance at the proper time?
Never be lacking in zeal, but keep your spiritual fervor, serving the Lord.
Do not love sleep or you will grow poor; stay awake and you will have food to spare.
She considers a field and buys it; out of her earnings she plants a vineyard.
The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:
She is like the merchant ships, bringing her food from afar.
She selects wool and flax and works with eager hands.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
She rises also while it is yet night, and gives meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens.
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