Proverbs 31:27
Parallel Verses
New International Version
She watches over the affairs of her household and does not eat the bread of idleness.

New Living Translation
She carefully watches everything in her household and suffers nothing from laziness.

English Standard Version
She looks well to the ways of her household and does not eat the bread of idleness.

New American Standard Bible
She looks well to the ways of her household, And does not eat the bread of idleness.

King James Bible
She looketh well to the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of idleness.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
She watches over the activities of her household and is never idle.

International Standard Version
She looks discretely to the affairs of her household, and she is never lazy.

NET Bible
She watches over the ways of her household, and does not eat the bread of idleness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
The ways of her house are open and she has not eaten the bread of laziness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
She keeps a close eye on the conduct of her family, and she does not eat the bread of idleness.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Tzaddi She looks well to the ways of her household and does not eat bread in idleness.

King James 2000 Bible
She looks well to the ways of her household, and eats not the bread of idleness.

American King James Version
She looks well to the ways of her household, and eats not the bread of idleness.

American Standard Version
She looketh well to the ways of her household, And eateth not the bread of idleness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
She hath looked well to the paths of her house, and hath not eaten her bread idle.

Darby Bible Translation
She surveyeth the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of idleness.

English Revised Version
She looketh well to the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of idleness.

Webster's Bible Translation
She looketh well to the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of idleness.

World English Bible
She looks well to the ways of her household, and doesn't eat the bread of idleness.

Young's Literal Translation
She is watching the ways of her household, And bread of sloth she eateth not.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

31:10-31 This is the description of a virtuous woman of those days, but the general outlines equally suit every age and nation. She is very careful to recommend herself to her husband's esteem and affection, to know his mind, and is willing that he rule over her. 1. She can be trusted, and he will leave such a wife to manage for him. He is happy in her. And she makes it her constant business to do him good. 2. She is one that takes pains in her duties, and takes pleasure in them. She is careful to fill up time, that none be lost. She rises early. She applies herself to the business proper for her, to women's business. She does what she does, with all her power, and trifles not. 3. She makes what she does turn to good account by prudent management. Many undo themselves by buying, without considering whether they can afford it. She provides well for her house. She lays up for hereafter. 4. She looks well to the ways of her household, that she may oblige all to do their duty to God and one another, as well as to her. 5. She is intent upon giving as upon getting, and does it freely and cheerfully. 6. She is discreet and obliging; every word she says, shows she governs herself by the rules of wisdom. She not only takes prudent measures herself, but gives prudent advice to others. The law of love and kindness is written in the heart, and shows itself in the tongue. Her heart is full of another world, even when her hands are most busy about this world. 7. Above all, she fears the Lord. Beauty recommends none to God, nor is it any proof of wisdom and goodness, but it has deceived many a man who made his choice of a wife by it. But the fear of God reigning in the heart, is the beauty of the soul; it lasts for ever. 8. She has firmness to bear up under crosses and disappointments. She shall reflect with comfort when she comes to be old, that she was not idle or useless when young. She shall rejoice in a world to come. She is a great blessing to her relations. If the fruit be good, the tree must have our good word. But she leaves it to her own works to praise her. Every one ought to desire this honour that cometh from God; and according to this standard we all ought to regulate our judgments. This description let all women daily study, who desire to be truly beloved and respected, useful and honourable. This passage is to be applied to individuals, but may it not also be applied to the church of God, which is described as a virtuous spouse? God by his grace has formed from among sinful men a church of true believers, to possess all the excellences here described.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 27. - TSADE. She looketh well to the ways of her house; the actions and habits of the household. She exercises careful surveillance over all that goes on in the family. Eateth not the bread of idleness; but rather bread won by active labour and conscientious diligence. She is of the opinion of the apostle who said "that if any would not work, neither should he eat" (2 Thessalonians 3:10). Septuagint, "The ways of her house are confined (στεγναὶ διατριβαὶ οἴκων αὐτῆς), and she eats not idle bread." The first of these clauses may mean that the proceedings of her household, being confined to a narrow circle, are readily supervised. But the meaning is very doubtful; and Schleusner renders, "continuae conversationes in aedibus ejus." St. Gregory applies our verse to the conscience, thus: "She considers the ways of her house, because she accurately examines all the thoughts of her conscience. She eateth not her bread in idleness, because that which she learned out of Holy Scripture by her understanding, she places before the eyes of the Judge by exhibiting it in her works" ('Moral.,' 35:47).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

She looketh well to the ways of her household,.... The business of her house, her domestic affairs; that her children and servants have convenient food, and in due season; that they have proper clothing, and keep their garments close about them, and unspotted; that everyone does the business of his calling, her several officers, and private members; that a good decorum is kept, that all things are done decently and in order; that the rules of her lord and husband are observed; that the conversations of all in her house are according to the word of God, and becoming their character: she takes care of the sick and weak, comforts the feeble minded, and supports the infirm; she cannot bear them that are evil, whether in principle or practice; that are immoral in their lives, or unsound in their faith; but admonishes them according to the nature of their offences, and casts out the obstinate or incorrigible. The words may be rendered, "she looks well to the ways of her house" (d); that lead unto it, so Gersom; either her house below, the way or entrance into which is by faith in Christ, and a profession of it; and she takes care that none be admitted but such who have it: or the ways in it, the commands, ordinances, appointments, and constitutions of Christ, called the ways of Zion; and concerned she is that all in her family walk in them, and observe them: or her house above, which is eternal in the heavens; Christ's Father's house and, hers, in which are many mansions, and everlasting habitations; the way to this also is Christ, who is the true way to eternal life, the strait gate and narrow way that leads to it; without his imputed righteousness, and the regenerating grace of his Spirit, there is no entrance into it: besides this, there are lesser paths which agree and coincide; as the paths of faith, truth, and holiness, and the ways of Christ's commandments, which issue in it, and which the church and her true members are careful to look unto and observe. The Arabic version renders it, "the paths of her house are strait"; with which compare Matthew 7:13. Jarchi interprets these ways of the law, which teaches the good way, and to separate from transgression;

and eateth not the bread of idleness; of an idle woman, as Aben Ezra; or she being idle does not eat bread; she does not eat it without labour; it is "the bread of labour", of many labours she eats, as in Psalm 127:2; she labours for the meat which endures to everlasting life, John 6:27; the Gospel, that bread which strengthens man's heart, refreshes his spirit, is made of the finest of the wheat, contains the wholesome words of Christ, and by which men are nourished up unto everlasting life; and which particularly directs to Christ the true bread, the bread of life, of which if a man eat he shall never die, but live for ever; and on which true believers feed by faith; but though this is prepared for them, and is the gift of God to them, yet must be laboured for; it is not eaten without labour: believers read, hear, and pray, and diligently attend all ordinances for the sake of this food.

(d) "vias domus suae", Paginius, Montanus, Mercerus, Gejerus, Michaelis; "ambulationes domus suae", Cocceius.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

27. (Compare 1Ti 5:14; Tit 2:5). She adds to her example a wise management of those under her control.

Proverbs 31:27 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Virtues of Noble Woman
26She opens her mouth in wisdom, And the teaching of kindness is on her tongue. 27She looks well to the ways of her household, And does not eat the bread of idleness. 28Her children rise up and bless her; Her husband also, and he praises her, saying:…
Cross References
Proverbs 19:15
Laziness brings on deep sleep, and the shiftless go hungry.

Proverbs 31:28
Her children arise and call her blessed; her husband also, and he praises her:
Treasury of Scripture

She looks well to the ways of her household, and eats not the bread of idleness.

Proverbs 14:1 Every wise woman builds her house: but the foolish plucks it down …

1 Thessalonians 4:11 And that you study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and …

2 Thessalonians 3:6 Now we command you, brothers, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ…

1 Timothy 5:10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, …

Titus 2:4 That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, …

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