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Smith's Bible Dictionary


ATS Bible Dictionary

The ancient Hebrews began their artificial day at evening, and ended it the next evening, so that the night proceeded the day. This usage may probably be traced to the terms employed in describing the creation, Genesis 1:5,8,13, etc., "The evening and the morning were the first day." The Hebrews allowed twelve to the day; but these hours were not equal, except at the equinox. At other times, when the hours of the night were long, those of the day were short, as in winter; and when the hours of night were short, as at midsummer, the hours of the day were long in proportion. See HOURS.

The nights are sometimes extremely cold in Syria, when the days are very hot; and travelers in the deserts and among the mountains near Palestine refer to their own sufferings from these opposite extremes, in illustration of Jacob's words in Genesis 31:40, "In the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from mine eyes."

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) That part of the natural day when the sun is beneath the horizon, or the time from sunset to sunrise; esp., the time between dusk and dawn, when there is no light of the sun, but only moonlight, starlight, or artificial light.

2. (n.) Darkness; obscurity; concealment.

3. (n.) Intellectual and moral darkness; ignorance.

4. (n.) A state of affliction; adversity; as, a dreary night of sorrow.

5. (n.) The period after the close of life; death.

6. (n.) A lifeless or unenlivened period, as when nature seems to sleep.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

"Day," yom; ordinarily, the Hebrew "day" lasted from dawn to the coming forth of the starts (Nehemiah 4:21). The context usually makes it clear whether the term "day" refers to the period of twenty-four hours or to daytime; when there was a possibility of confusion, the term laylah, "night," was added (Genesis 7:4, 12; Genesis 31:39). The "day" is reckoned from evening to evening, in accordance with the order noted in the account of Creation, namely, "And there was evening and there was morning, one day" (Genesis 1:5); Leviticus 23:32 and Daniel 8:14 reflect the same mode of reckoning the day. The phrase `erebh boker, "evening-morning," used in this last passage, is simply a variation of yom and laylah, "day" and "night"; it is the equivalent of the Greek nuchthemeron (2 Corinthians 11:25). That the custom of reckoning the day as beginning in the evening and lasting until the following evening was probably of late origin is shown by the phrase "tarry all night" (Judges 19:6-9); the context shows that the day is regarded as beginning in the morning; in the evening the day "declined," and until the new day (morning) arrived it was necessary to "tarry all night" (compare also Numbers 11:32).

The transition of day to night begins before sunset and lasts till after sunset; the change of night to day begins before sunrise and continues until after sunrise. In both cases, neither `erebh, "evening," nor boqer, "morning," indicate an exact space of time (compare Genesis 8:11 Exodus 10:13 Deuteronomy 16:6).

The term nesheph, is used for both evening twilight and morning dawn (compare 1 Samuel 30:17 2 Kings 7:5, 7; Job 7:4). Since there were no definite measurements of the time of day, the various periods were indicated by the natural changes of the day; thus "midday" was the time of the day when the sun mounted its highest (cohorayim); afternoon was that part of the day when the sun declined (neToth ha-yom); and evening was the time of the going down of the sun (`erebh). "Between the evenings" (ben ha-`arbayim) was the interval between sunset and darkness. The day was not divided into hours until a late period. [sha`ah = Aramaic] (Daniel 3:6), is common in Syriac and in later Hebrew; it denoted, originally, any short space of time, and only later came to be equivalent to our "hour" (Driver). The threefold division of the day into watches continued into post-exilic Roman times; but the Roman method of four divisions was also known (Mark 13:35), where all four divisions are referred to: "at even" (opse), "midnight" (mesonuktion), "at cock crowing" (alektorophonia), "in the morning" (proi). These last extended from six to six o'clock (of also Matthew 14:25 Mark 13:35). Acts 12:4 speaks of four parties of four Roman soldiers (quaternions), each of whom had to keep guard during one watch of the night. In Berakhoth 3b, Rabbi Nathan (2nd century) knows of only three night-watches; but the patriarch, Rabbi Judah, knows four. See also DAY.

Horace J. Wolf



See DAY AND NIGHT for the natural usage and the various terms.

1. In the Old Testament:

Figurative uses: The word "night" (laylah or layil is sometimes used figuratively in the Old Testament. Thus, Moses compares the brevity of time, the lapse of a thousand years, to "a watch in the night" (Psalm 90:4). Adversity is depicted by it in such places as Job 35:10; compare Isaiah 8:20 Jeremiah 15:9. Disappointment and despair are apparently depicted by it in the "burden of Dumah" (Isaiah 21:11, 12); and spiritual blindness, coming upon the false prophets (Micah 3:6); again sudden and overwhelming confusion (Amos 5:8 Isaiah 59:10 the King James Version, nesheph, "twilight" as in the Revised Version (British and American)).

2. In the New Testament:

On the lips of Jesus (John 9:4) it signifies the end of opportunity to labor; repeated in that touching little allegory spoken to His disciples when He was called to the grave of Lazarus (John 11:9, 10). Paul also uses the figure in reference to the Parousia (Romans 13:12), where "night" seems to refer to the present aeon and "day" to the aeon to come. He also uses it in 1 Thessalonians 5:5, 7 where the status of the redeemed is depicted by "day," that of the unregenerate by "night," again, as the context shows, in reference to the Parousia. In Revelation 21:25 and 22:5, the passing of the "night" indicates the realization of that to which the Parousia looked forward, the establishment of the kingdom of God forever. See also Delitzsch, Iris, 35.

Henry E. Dosker


nit'-hok (tachmac, "tachmas"; glaux, but sometimes strouthos, and seirenos; Latin camprimulgus): The Hebrew tachmac means "to tear and scratch the face," so that it is very difficult to select the bird intended by its use. Any member of the eagle, vulture, owl or hawk families driven to desperation would "tear and scratch" with the claws and bite in self-defence. The bird is mentioned only in the lists of abominations (see Leviticus 11:16 Deuteronomy 14:15). There are three good reasons why the night-hawk or night-jar, more properly, was intended. The lists were sweeping and included almost every common bird unfit for food. Because of its peculiar characteristics it had been made the object of fable and superstition. It fed on wing at night and constantly uttered weird cries. Lastly, it was a fierce fighter when disturbed in brooding or raising its young. Its habit was to lie on its back and fight with beak and claw with such ferocity that it seemed very possible that it would "tear and scratch the face." Some commentators insist that the bird intended was an owl, but for the above reasons the night-jar seems most probable; also several members of the owl family were clearly indicated in the list.


Gene Stratton-Porter

3571. nux -- night, by night
... night, by night. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: nux Phonetic Spelling:
(noox) Short Definition: the night, night-time Definition: the night ...
// - 6k

1273. dianuktereuo -- to pass the night
... to pass the night. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: dianuktereuo Phonetic Spelling:
(dee-an-ook-ter-yoo'-o) Short Definition: I spend the whole night ...
// - 6k

3574. nuchthemeron -- lasting a night and a day
... lasting a night and a day. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: nuchthemeron
Phonetic Spelling: (nookh-thay'-mer-on) Short Definition: twenty-four ...
// - 6k

1773. ennuchos -- nightly, neut. as adv. by night
... as adv. by night. Part of Speech: Adverb Transliteration: ennuchos Phonetic Spelling:
(en'-noo-khon) Short Definition: in the night Definition: in the night. ...
// - 6k

835. aulizomai -- to lodge in the open, to lodge
... open, to lodge. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: aulizomai Phonetic Spelling:
(ow-lid'-zom-ahee) Short Definition: I lodge, pass the night Definition: I ...
// - 6k

63. agrauleo -- to live in the fields
... to live in the fields. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: agrauleo Phonetic Spelling:
(ag-row-leh'-o) Short Definition: I spend the night in the open ...
// - 6k

5438. phulake -- a guarding, guard, watch
... Definition a guarding, guard, watch NASB Word Usage guard (1), imprisonment (1),
imprisonments (2), prison (34), prisons (3), time of the night (1), watch (4). ...
// - 7k

4594. semeron -- today
... stem meaning this) Definition today NASB Word Usage last night (1), this (1), this
day (6), this very (2), today (29), today's (1), very (1). this day. ...
// - 6k

1798. enupnion -- a dream
... The Christian therefore should , open to communing with God all through
the night to receive strength and illumination from Him. ...
// - 7k

219. alektorophonia -- the crowing of a rooster
... cockcrowing. From alektor and phone; cock-crow, ie The third night-watch -- cockcrowing.
see GREEK alektor. see GREEK phone. (alektorophonias) -- 1 Occurrence. ...
// - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
3885. luwn -- to lodge, pass the night, abide
... 3884b, 3885. luwn. 3885a . to lodge, pass the night, abide. Transliteration:
luwn Phonetic Spelling: (loon) Short Definition: lodge. ...
/hebrew/3885.htm - 5k

3885a. lun -- to lodge, pass the night, abide
lun or lin. 3885, 3885a. lun or lin. 3885b . to lodge, pass the night, abide.
Transliteration: lun or lin Short Definition: lodge. Word Origin a prim. ...
/hebrew/3885a.htm - 6k

3915. layil -- night
... 3914, 3915. layil or lel or layelah. 3916 . night. Transliteration: layil or
lel or layelah Phonetic Spelling: (lah'-yil) Short Definition: night. ...
/hebrew/3915.htm - 6k

3916. lela -- night
... 3915, 3916. lela. 3917 . night. Transliteration: lela Phonetic Spelling:
(lay-leh-yaw') Short Definition: night. Word Origin (Aramaic ...
/hebrew/3916.htm - 6k

956. buth -- pass the night
... 955, 956. buth. 957 . pass the night. Transliteration: buth Phonetic Spelling:
(booth) Short Definition: night. Word Origin see bith. pass the night ...
/hebrew/956.htm - 5k

1006b. bith -- to pass the night
... 1006a, 1006b. bith. 1007 . to pass the night. Transliteration: bith
Short Definition: night. Word Origin (Aramaic) denominative ...
/hebrew/1006b.htm - 5k

3917a. lilith -- a female night-demon
... 3917, 3917a. lilith. 3917b . a female night-demon. Transliteration:
lilith Short Definition: monster. Word Origin from the same ...
/hebrew/3917a.htm - 5k

2919. tal -- night mist, dew
... 2918, 2919. tal. 2920 . night mist, dew. Transliteration: tal Phonetic
Spelling: (tal) Short Definition: dew. Word Origin from an ...
/hebrew/2919.htm - 5k

3917. liyliyth -- a female night-demon
... a female night-demon. Transliteration: liyliyth Phonetic Spelling: (lee-leeth')
Short Definition: owl. screech owl From layil; a night spectre -- screech owl. ...
/hebrew/3917.htm - 5k

570. emesh -- yesterday
... Word Origin of uncertain derivation Definition yesterday NASB Word Usage last night
(3), night (1), yesterday (1). former time, yesterday night. ...
/hebrew/570.htm - 5k


The Terror by Night
... THE TERROR BY NIGHT. In some ... numerous. In one of these communities there
once lived a boy who was in the village late one night. He ...
/.../chidley/fifty-two story talks to boys and girls/the terror by night.htm

The Long Good-Night.
... THE LONG GOOD-NIGHT. THE LONG GOOD-NIGHT. 7,6,7,6,7,6,7,4. ... All His redeemed again,.
His kingdom to inherit. Good-night, till then! Go to thy quiet resting,. ...
/.../borthwick/hymns from the land of luther/the long good-night.htm

Young's Night Thoughts
Young's Night Thoughts. <. Young's Night Thoughts Edward Young. Table of Contents.
// night thoughts/

A Song in the Night
... HYMNS A SONG IN THE NIGHT. "Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard,
very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus.""John 12:3. ...
/.../bevan/hymns of ter steegen and others second series/a song in the night.htm

The Night Watch
... The Night Watch. Heinrich Suso Psalm 130:6. Oh when shall the fair day break,
and the hour of gladness come,. When I to my heart's ...
/.../bevan/hymns of ter steegen suso and others/the night watch.htm

The Night
... The Treasury of Sacred Song. Book First CXXV THE NIGHT. Through that pure virgin
shrine, ... Wise Nicodemus saw such light. As made him know his GOD by night. ...
/...// treasury of sacred song/cxxv the night.htm

... The Treasury of Sacred Song. Book First CCXVIII NIGHT. All praise to Him
who dwells in bliss, Who made both day and night; Whose ...
// treasury of sacred song/ccxviii night.htm

The Night Bird: a Myth
... THE NIGHT BIRD: A MYTH. A floating, a floating Across the sleeping sea,
All night I heard a singing bird Upon the topmost tree. 'Oh ...
/.../kingsley/andromeda and other poems/the night bird a myth.htm

... CHAPTER XXXIV NIGHT. ... Is it that I must be separated from my beloved and wedded
to the man I hate, that I have prayed to thee day and night? ...
// yoke/chapter xxxiv night.htm

Watch-Night Service
... Watch-Night Service. (No.59) Held at New Park Street Chapel, Southwark. On
Tuesday Night, December 31, 1855, by the. REV. CH SPURGEON. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 2 1856/watch-night service.htm

Night's (13 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Night's (13 Occurrences). ... And they said, Not so,
but we will take our night's rest in the street. (BBE). ...
/n/night's.htm - 10k

Night-lodge (1 Occurrence)
Night-lodge. Night-hawk, Night-lodge. Nightly . Multi-Version
Concordance Night-lodge (1 Occurrence). Isaiah 1:8 And ...
/n/night-lodge.htm - 6k

Night-bird (1 Occurrence)
Night-bird. Night, Night-bird. Nightfall . Multi-Version Concordance
Night-bird (1 Occurrence). Psalms 102:6 I am like ...
/n/night-bird.htm - 6k

Night-time (1 Occurrence)
Night-time. Nighttime, Night-time. Night-vision . Multi-Version
Concordance Night-time (1 Occurrence). Psalms 63:6 When ...
/n/night-time.htm - 6k

Night-monster. Nightmonster, Night-monster. Nights . Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia NIGHT-MONSTER. nit'-mon-ster (lilith ...
/n/night-monster.htm - 17k

To-night (15 Occurrences)
To-night. Tonight, To-night. Tonsures . Multi-Version Concordance
To-night (15 Occurrences). Acts 23:23 Then, calling ...
/t/to-night.htm - 11k

Night (3322 Occurrences)
... 3. (n.) Intellectual and moral darkness; ignorance. 4. (n.) A state of affliction;
adversity; as, a dreary night of sorrow. ... DAY AND NIGHT. ...
/n/night.htm - 15k

Night-watches (4 Occurrences)
Night-watches. Night-watch, Night-watches. Nile . Multi-Version
Concordance Night-watches (4 Occurrences). Luke 2:8 ...
/n/night-watches.htm - 7k

Night-hawk (2 Occurrences)
Night-hawk. Nighthawk, Night-hawk. Night-lodge . Easton's Bible Dictionary ... This
was supposed to be the night-jar (Caprimulgus), allied to the swifts. ...
/n/night-hawk.htm - 7k

Yesterday-night (1 Occurrence)
Yesterday-night. Yesterday, Yesterday-night. Yesternight .
Multi-Version Concordance Yesterday-night (1 Occurrence). ...
/y/yesterday-night.htm - 6k

Bible Concordance
Night (3322 Occurrences)

Night is used 3322 times in 12 translations.

You can narrow your search using the Advanced Bible Search.



Night Hawk

Night Hawk: Forbidden As Food

Night used Figuratively

Night: Belongs to God

Night: Caused by God

Night: Commenced at Sunset

Night: Continued Until Sunrise

Night: Death

Night: Designed for Rest

Night: Divided Into Four Watches by the Romans

Night: Divided Into Hours

Night: Divided Into Watches

Night: Eastern Fishermen Continued Their Employment During

Night: Eastern Shepherds Watched Over Their Flocks During

Night: Favourable to the Purposes of the Wicked

Night: Frequently: Accompanied by Heavy Dew

Night: Frequently: Cold and Frosty

Night: Frequently: Exceeding Dark

Night: General Scriptures Concerning

Night: God Frequently: Executed his Judgments In

Night: God Frequently: Revealed his Will In

Night: God Frequently: Visited his People In

Night: Jesus Prays all Night

Night: Meditations In

Night: No Night in Heaven

Night: Originally Divided Into Three Watches

Night: Regular Succession of Established by Covenant

Night: Regular Succession of Ordained for the Glory of God

Night: Seasons of Severe Calamities

Night: Seasons of Spiritual Desertion

Night: Spiritual Darkness

Night: The Darkness First Called

Night: The Heavenly Bodies Designed to Separate Day From

Night: The Jews in Affliction Spent, in Prayer

Night: The Jews in Affliction Spent, in Sorrow and Humiliation

Night: The Jews: Forbidden to Allow Malefactors to Hang During

Night: The Jews: Forbidden to Keep the Wages of Servants During

Night: The Jews: Often Kept Lamps Burning During

Night: The Moon and Stars Designed to Rule and Give Light By

Night: Unsuitable for Labour

Night: Unsuitable for Travelling

Night: Wearisome to the Afflicted

Night: Wild Beasts Go Forth in Search of Prey During

Night: Worship In

Related Terms

Night-lodge (1 Occurrence)

Night-bird (1 Occurrence)

Night-time (1 Occurrence)


To-night (15 Occurrences)

Night (3322 Occurrences)

Night-watches (4 Occurrences)

Night-hawk (2 Occurrences)

Yesterday-night (1 Occurrence)


Night-visions (2 Occurrences)

Night-vision (2 Occurrences)

Watch-night (1 Occurrence)

Night-spirit (1 Occurrence)

Cock (12 Occurrences)

Yesternight (4 Occurrences)

Spend (54 Occurrences)

Vigil (2 Occurrences)

Bittern (4 Occurrences)

Surrounded (51 Occurrences)

Compassed (52 Occurrences)

Cock's (7 Occurrences)

Stopping (22 Occurrences)

Black (52 Occurrences)

Concubine (21 Occurrences)

Spent (76 Occurrences)

Sleeping (69 Occurrences)

Square (94 Occurrences)

Shine (62 Occurrences)


Blackness (13 Occurrences)

Ceasing (15 Occurrences)

Cock-crowing (3 Occurrences)

Armed (147 Occurrences)

Belshazzar (8 Occurrences)

Servant's (29 Occurrences)

Stretcheth (33 Occurrences)

Supplications (32 Occurrences)


Asleep (50 Occurrences)

Seasons (43 Occurrences)

Yesterday (13 Occurrences)

Stolen (28 Occurrences)

Visions (43 Occurrences)

Cold (25 Occurrences)

Candle (16 Occurrences)

Borne (172 Occurrences)

Sleep (136 Occurrences)

Smite (230 Occurrences)

Steal (29 Occurrences)

Shining (115 Occurrences)

Starting (34 Occurrences)

Abode (112 Occurrences)

Abide (162 Occurrences)

Stumbled (47 Occurrences)

Soldiers (83 Occurrences)

Stayed (169 Occurrences)

Couch (55 Occurrences)

Apple (8 Occurrences)

Silence (80 Occurrences)


Vision (106 Occurrences)

Yeast (48 Occurrences)

Silas (22 Occurrences)

Younger (39 Occurrences)

Perceived (57 Occurrences)

Viewed (9 Occurrences)

Viewing (6 Occurrences)

Valley-gate (3 Occurrences)

Valour (66 Occurrences)

Keepers (78 Occurrences)

Preparations (16 Occurrences)

Betwixt (16 Occurrences)

Baker (11 Occurrences)

Blackest (5 Occurrences)

Beseeching (11 Occurrences)

Cockcrowing (1 Occurrence)

Chios (1 Occurrence)

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