Ezekiel 17:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He despised the oath by breaking the covenant. Because he had given his hand in pledge and yet did all these things, he shall not escape.

New Living Translation
For the king of Israel disregarded his treaty and broke it after swearing to obey; therefore, he will not escape.

English Standard Version
He despised the oath in breaking the covenant, and behold, he gave his hand and did all these things; he shall not escape.

New American Standard Bible
'Now he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, and behold, he pledged his allegiance, yet did all these things; he shall not escape.'"

King James Bible
Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, lo, he had given his hand, and hath done all these things, he shall not escape.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He despised the oath by breaking the covenant. He did all these things even though he gave his hand in pledge. He will not escape!"

International Standard Version
He despised the oath he had made and broke the covenant. Look! Because he willingly submitted, yet he has done all these things, he won't escape.

NET Bible
He despised the oath by breaking the covenant. Take note--he gave his promise and did all these things--he will not escape!

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The king of Judah broke the promise and the treaty that he pledged to keep. He did all these things, and he can't go unpunished.

Jubilee Bible 2000
seeing he despised the oath to invalidate the covenant when, behold, he had given his hand and has done all these things, he shall not escape.

King James 2000 Bible
Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, lo, he had given his hand, and has done all these things, he shall not escape.

American King James Version
Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, see, he had given his hand, and has done all these things, he shall not escape.

American Standard Version
For he hath despised the oath by breaking the covenant; and behold, he had given his hand, and yet hath done all these things; he shall not escape.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For he had despised the oath, breaking his covenant, and behold he hath given his hand: and having done all these things, he shall not escape.

Darby Bible Translation
He despised the oath, and broke the covenant; and behold, he had given his hand, yet hath he done all these things: he shall not escape.

English Revised Version
For he hath despised the oath by breaking the covenant; and behold, he had given his hand, and yet hath done all these things; he shall not escape.

Webster's Bible Translation
Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when lo, he had given his hand, and hath done all these things, he shall not escape.

World English Bible
For he has despised the oath by breaking the covenant; and behold, he had given his hand, and yet has done all these things; he shall not escape.

Young's Literal Translation
And he despised the oath -- to break covenant, And lo, he hath given his hand, And all these he hath done, he escapeth not.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

17:11-21 The parable is explained, and the particulars of the history of the Jewish nation at that time may be traced. Zedekiah had been ungrateful to his benefactor, which is a sin against God. In every solemn oath, God is appealed to as a witness of the sincerity of him that swears. Truth is a debt owing to all men. If the professors of the true religion deal treacherously with those of a false religion, their profession makes their sin the worse; and God will the more surely and severely punish it. The Lord will not hold those guiltless who take his name in vain; and no man shall escape the righteous judgment of God who dies under unrepented guilt.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Seeing he despised the oath, by breaking the covenant,.... This is repeated again, to show the heinousness of the sin Zedekiah had been guilty of, and what was the cause of his ruin:

when, lo, he had given his hand; to the king of Babylon, to testify his hearty agreement with him, and that he might depend upon the oath and covenant being sacredly observed by him. This was a rite for custom frequently and early used in different nations, when covenants and agreements were entered into; we find it used in the times of Homer (z); and among the Romans. When Antoninus, Lepidus, and Octavius made peace, the historian says (a), they joined their hands together. Virgil (b) speaks of the same ceremony used by Anchises to Achaemenides, for confirmation of friendship. Though some understand this of his giving the hand to Pharaoh king of Egypt, and entering into an alliance with him, and broke the covenant and oath made to the king of Babylon; and so the Targum,

"and, lo, he stretched out his hand to Pharaoh:''

and hath done all these things; been guilty of such and so many crimes, as ingratitude, perjury, covenant breaking, and vain confidence:

he shall not escape; divine vengeance, just and proper punishment for his sins.

(z) ' , Iliad. 6. (a) Florus, Hist. Rom. Gest. l. 4. c. 5. (b) "Ipse pater dextram Anchises, haud malta moratur, Dat juveni atque animum praesenti pignore firmat". Aeneid. l. 3. prope finem.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

18. given his hand—in ratification of the oath (2Ki 10:15; Ezr 10:19), and also in token of subjection to Nebuchadnezzar (1Ch 29:24, Margin; 2Ch 30:8, Margin; La 5:6).

Ezekiel 17:18 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Parable Explained
17Pharaoh with his mighty army and great company will not help him in the war, when they cast up ramps and build siege walls to cut off many lives. 18'Now he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, and behold, he pledged his allegiance, yet did all these things; he shall not escape.'" 19Therefore, thus says the Lord GOD, "As I live, surely My oath which he despised and My covenant which he broke, I will inflict on his head.…
Cross References
2 Kings 10:15
After he left there, he came upon Jehonadab son of Rekab, who was on his way to meet him. Jehu greeted him and said, "Are you in accord with me, as I am with you?" "I am," Jehonadab answered. "If so," said Jehu, "give me your hand." So he did, and Jehu helped him up into the chariot.

1 Chronicles 29:24
All the officers and warriors, as well as all of King David's sons, pledged their submission to King Solomon.

Ecclesiastes 8:2
Obey the king's command, I say, because you took an oath before God.

Ezekiel 17:15
But the king rebelled against him by sending his envoys to Egypt to get horses and a large army. Will he succeed? Will he who does such things escape? Will he break the treaty and yet escape?

Ezekiel 17:16
"'As surely as I live, declares the Sovereign LORD, he shall die in Babylon, in the land of the king who put him on the throne, whose oath he despised and whose treaty he broke.

Ezekiel 17:19
"'Therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says: As surely as I live, I will repay him for despising my oath and breaking my covenant.

Ezekiel 21:23
It will seem like a false omen to those who have sworn allegiance to him, but he will remind them of their guilt and take them captive.
Treasury of Scripture

Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, see, he had given his hand, and has done all these things, he shall not escape.

Seeing. Though Zedekiah's oath had been given to a heathen, a conqueror, and a tyrant, yet God considered the violation of it a most aggravated sin against Him, and determined to punish him for it.

lo, he.

1 Chronicles 29:24 And all the princes, and the mighty men, and all the sons likewise …

2 Chronicles 30:8 Now be you not stiff necked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves …

Lamentations 5:6 We have given the hand to the Egyptians, and to the Assyrians, to …

he shall

Ezekiel 7:15 The sword is without, and the pestilence and the famine within: he …

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