Deuteronomy 32:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He is the Rock, his works are perfect, and all his ways are just. A faithful God who does no wrong, upright and just is he.

New Living Translation
He is the Rock; his deeds are perfect. Everything he does is just and fair. He is a faithful God who does no wrong; how just and upright he is!

English Standard Version
“The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice. A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and upright is he.

New American Standard Bible
"The Rock! His work is perfect, For all His ways are just; A God of faithfulness and without injustice, Righteous and upright is He.

King James Bible
He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Rock--His work is perfect; all His ways are entirely just. A faithful God, without prejudice, He is righteous and true.

International Standard Version
Flawless is the work of the Rock, because all his ways are just. A faithful God—never unjust— righteous and upright is he.

NET Bible
As for the Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are just. He is a reliable God who is never unjust, he is fair and upright.

New Heart English Bible
The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice. A faithful God and without iniquity, just and right is he.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He is a rock. What he does is perfect. All his ways are fair. He is a faithful God, who does no wrong. He is honorable and reliable.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The Rock, His work is perfect; For all His ways are justice; A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, Just and right is He.

New American Standard 1977
“The Rock! His work is perfect,
            For all His ways are just;
            A God of faithfulness and without injustice,
            Righteous and upright is He.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The strong One, whose work is perfect: for all his ways are right; a God of truth and without iniquity, just and upright is he.

King James 2000 Bible
He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are justice: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

American King James Version
He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

American Standard Version
The Rock, his work is perfect; For all his ways are justice: A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, Just and right is he.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The works of God are perfect, and all his ways are judgments: God is faithful and without any iniquity, he is just and right.

Darby Bible Translation
[He is] the Rock, his work is perfect, For all his ways are righteousness; A God of faithfulness without deceit, Just and right is he.

English Revised Version
The Rock, his work is perfect; For all his ways are judgment: A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, Just and right is he.

Webster's Bible Translation
He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity: just and right is he.

World English Bible
The Rock, his work is perfect, for all his ways are justice: a God of faithfulness and without iniquity, just and right is he.

Young's Literal Translation
The Rock! -- perfect is His work, For all His ways are just; God of stedfastness, and without iniquity: Righteous and upright is He.
Study Bible
The Song of Moses
3"For I proclaim the name of the LORD; Ascribe greatness to our God! 4"The Rock! His work is perfect, For all His ways are just; A God of faithfulness and without injustice, Righteous and upright is He. 5"They have acted corruptly toward Him, They are not His children, because of their defect; But are a perverse and crooked generation.…
Cross References
Genesis 18:25
"Far be it from You to do such a thing, to slay the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous and the wicked are treated alike. Far be it from You! Shall not the Judge of all the earth deal justly?"

Deuteronomy 7:9
"Know therefore that the LORD your God, He is God, the faithful God, who keeps His covenant and His lovingkindness to a thousandth generation with those who love Him and keep His commandments;

Deuteronomy 32:15
"But Jeshurun grew fat and kicked-- You are grown fat, thick, and sleek-- Then he forsook God who made him, And scorned the Rock of his salvation.

Deuteronomy 32:18
"You neglected the Rock who begot you, And forgot the God who gave you birth.

Deuteronomy 32:30
"How could one chase a thousand, And two put ten thousand to flight, Unless their Rock had sold them, And the LORD had given them up?

2 Samuel 22:3
My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge, My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold and my refuge; My savior, You save me from violence.

2 Samuel 22:31
"As for God, His way is blameless; The word of the LORD is tested; He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him.

2 Chronicles 19:7
"Now then let the fear of the LORD be upon you; be very careful what you do, for the LORD our God will have no part in unrighteousness or partiality or the taking of a bribe."

Job 8:3
"Does God pervert justice? Or does the Almighty pervert what is right?

Job 34:10
"Therefore, listen to me, you men of understanding. Far be it from God to do wickedness, And from the Almighty to do wrong.
Treasury of Scripture

He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

the Rock

Deuteronomy 32:18,30,31 Of the Rock that begat you you are unmindful, and have forgotten …

1 Samuel 2:2 There is none holy as the LORD: for there is none beside you: neither …

2 Samuel 22:2,3,32,47 And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer…

2 Samuel 23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spoke to me, He that rules …

Psalm 18:2,31,46 The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my …

Psalm 61:2-4 From the end of the earth will I cry to you, when my heart is overwhelmed: …

Psalm 92:15 To show that the LORD is upright: he is my rock, and there is no …

Isaiah 26:4 Trust you in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH is everlasting strength:

Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation …

Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert …

Matthew 16:16-18 And Simon Peter answered and said, You are the Christ, the Son of …

1 Corinthians 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that …

1 Peter 2:6 Why also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion …

his work

Genesis 1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very …

2 Samuel 22:31 As for God, his way is perfect; the word of the LORD is tried: he …

Psalm 18:30 As for God, his way is perfect: the word of the LORD is tried: he …

Psalm 19:7 The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony …

Psalm 138:8 The LORD will perfect that which concerns me: your mercy, O LORD, …

Ecclesiastes 3:14 I know that, whatever God does, it shall be for ever: nothing can …

Matthew 5:48 Be you therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.

James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down …

all his

Deuteronomy 10:18 He does execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loves …

Genesis 18:25 That be far from you to do after this manner, to slay the righteous …

Job 35:14 Although you say you shall not see him, yet judgment is before him; …

Psalm 9:16 The LORD is known by the judgment which he executes: the wicked is …

Psalm 97:2 Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment …

Psalm 99:4 The king's strength also loves judgment; you do establish equity, …

Isaiah 30:18 And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious to you, …

Jeremiah 9:24 But let him that glories glory in this, that he understands and knows …

Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, …

John 5:22 For the Father judges no man, but has committed all judgment to the Son:

Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things …

Romans 2:2,5 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against …

James 4:12 There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who are …

Revelation 15:3,4 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song …

a God

Exodus 34:6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The …

Psalm 31:5 Into your hand I commit my spirit: you have redeemed me, O LORD God of truth.

Psalm 98:3 He has remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: …

Psalm 100:5 For the LORD is good; his mercy is everlasting; and his truth endures …

Psalm 146:6 Which made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein is: which …

Isaiah 25:1 O Lord, you are my God; I will exalt you, I will praise your name; …

Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting …

John 1:14,17 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelled among us, (and we beheld his glory…

John 14:6 Jesus said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man …

without

Job 34:10 Therefore listen to me you men of understanding: far be it from God, …

Psalm 92:15 To show that the LORD is upright: he is my rock, and there is no …

Habakkuk 1:13 You are of purer eyes than to behold evil, and can not look on iniquity: …

Romans 3:5 But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what …

(4) He is the rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.--No such combination of all the words for uprightness, sincerity, equity, and reliability is to be found elsewhere in all Scripture. This is the character of the Rock. This name of God ( Tzur) is one of the characteristics of the song. The word occurs first in Exodus 17, where the Rock in Horeb was smitten; "and that Rock was Christ." From that time we find that the very names of the leaders in Israel embody this confession. Elizur, my God is a Rock; Zurishaddai, the Almighty is my Rock; and Pedahzur, redeemed by the Rock (Numbers 1:5-6; Numbers 1:10), are examples. So exclusively is the term in Hebrew (Tzr or Slagh) used in this sense, that no man is ever described by it in the Old Testament. And the LXX., in this song and in many other places, do not translate it at all, but give it as God (????). In other places the word Petra (never Petros) is employed. This fact convinces me that the Petra of Matthew 16:18 could only have been understood by Jews as denoting Deity; and that it not only referred to Christ, but to Christ as God. No other interpretation will suit the language of Holy Scripture. This fourth verse, like the third, is a stanza of four lines. The first line is answered by the third, and the second line by the fourth.

Verses 4, 5. - He is the Rock, his work is perfect; rather, The Rock! his work is perfect, i.e. blameless, without fault. God is called "the Rock" (הַצוּר), as the unchangeable Refuge and Stronghold of his people, by which they are sustained, and to which they can resort for defense and protection at all times. The epithet is applied to God four times besides in this song (vers. 15, 18, 30, 31); it occurs also frequently in the Psalms (cf. Psalm 19:14; Psalm 28:1; Psalm 31:2, 3; Psalm 62:2, 7; etc.). The Hebrew word, tsur, gut, or zur, appears in several proper names of the Mosaic period, as e.g., Pedahzur, "Rock delivers" (Numbers 1:10), a name of the same import as Pedahel, "God delivers" (Numbers 34:28); Elizur, "God is a Rock" (Numbers 1:5); Zuriel (Numbers 3:35) and Zurishaddai, "the Almighty is Rock" (Numbers 1:6; Numbers 2:12). "Jehovah," says Baumgarten, "is here called Rock, without any qualification, the reason is that he is the only true rock, and all the strength and firmness of earth's stones is but an ectype of his unchangeable faithfulness and rectitude. If one cleaves to the dualism of spirit and nature, and regards the figure as a merely subjective, arbitrary union of the two, such an expression is simply unintelligible; but if we would understand Scripture and religious speech, we must with all earnestness accustom ourselves to recognize the spiritual ground in nature, and apprehend this in the Biblical expression (comp. Steffens' 'Religionsphilosophie,' 1. s. 101, 102)." It is remarkable that none of the ancient versions have retained this epithet here. The LXX. have Θεὸς: the Vulgate, Dens ("Dei opera"); the Targum of Onkelos, תַּקִיפָא, "Mighty;" while the Peshito has simply the pronoun "his" appended to "works," . For all his ways are judgment; i.e. accordant with rectitude (cf. Psalm 145:17). A God of truth; rather, of faithfulness (אְמֶוּנָת, from אָמַן, to stay, or be stayed, to be firm). They have corrupted themselves, their spot is not the spot of his children: they are a perverse and crooked generation. Of this difficult passage the following seems the best construction and rendering: - A perverse and crooked generation not his children, [but] their spot - has become corrupt towards him. The subject of the verb at the beginning of the verse is the "perverse and crooked generation," at the end of it, and between the verb and its subject there is interjected parenthetically the clause, "not his children, but their spot." Spot is here used in a moral sense, as in Job 11:15; Job 31:7; Proverbs 9:7. These corrupt persons claimed to be children of God, but they were not; they were rather a stain and a reproach to them (cf. 2 Peter 2:13; Isaiah 1:4). The rendering above given is substantially that of De Wette, Knobel, Keil, and Herxheimer, by all of whom the "perverse generation "is regarded as the subject of the sentence. This is the view adopted also in the 'Speaker's Commentary.' Some would make "God" the subject, and render, "He hath corrupted to him, or to himself" (margin, Authorized Version; Ibn Ezra, etc.). Others take "spot" as the subject, thus: "Their spot or blemish hath corrupted before him children not his" (Lowth, Dathe); but such renderings are forced, and proceed on constructions of the text which are illegitimate. Donaldson ('Jashar,' pp. 186, 223, edit. See.), following Lowth's construction, appeals to בָּנִים לא אֵמֻן בָּם (ver. 20) as a similar inversion. But the two cases are not parallel. To make them so, we must have here בָנָיו לא מוּם בָּם, "his children in whom is no spot." Ewald takes מוּמָה as the noun here, instead of מוּם, and tracing it to the Syriac , juravit, renders "to him they, his not sons, have corrupted their oath," i.e. have broken it; and this Furst approves. But the phrase, "to corrupt an oath" is unexampled in the Old Testament, and there is no ground for changing the noun. The ancient versions vary considerably here: LXX., ἡμάρτοσαν οὐκ αὐτῷ τέκνα μωμητά: Aq., διέφθειραν αὐτῷ οὐκ δι υἱοὶ αὐτου: Sym., διέφθειραν πρὸς αὔτον οὐχ οἱυἱοι τὸ σύνολον: Vulgate, peccaverunt ei et non filii ejus in sordibus; Ver. Itala., peeca verunt non ei filii maculati; Syriac, "They corrupted but not him, children of defilement." These various renderings indicate that probably the text is and has long been corrupt. Some of the older English versions are worth noting on this verse. Rogers [Matthew], "The frowarde and overthwart generation hath marred them selves to himward, and are not his sonnes for their deformitie's sake;" Bishop's Bible, "Frowardly have they done agaynst him by their vices, not being his own children, but a wicked and froward generation;" Geneva Version, "They have corrupted themselves towards him by their vice, not being his children, but a froward and crooked generation." He is the rock,.... That is, Jehovah is the rock, whose name Moses proposed to publish; and our God, to whom the heavens and the earth are called upon to ascribe greatness, even Christ the rock of salvation: here begins the song; the first word in it is very emphatic; it has a letter in it larger than usual, to denote the greatness of this Person, and to make it observable; he is "this" or "that rock" (k), by way of eminence, that rock and stone of Israel, Jacob prophesied of, which was typified by the rock Moses had smitten in the wilderness, and which, no doubt, he knew, as the Apostle Paul did, that it was a type of Christ, and had taught the Israelites so to understand it; and therefore this epithet of a divine Person would not seem strange to them, and yet is that rock the unbelieving Jews would and did stumble at, and the rock of salvation they lightly esteemed and rejected; the rock of refuge for sensible sinners to flee unto for shelter and safety from the wrath and justice of God, and from every enemy; the rock the church of God and every believer are built upon, and in which they dwell; and who is the rock of ages that will endure forever, as the Saviour of his people, and the foundation of their faith and hope:

his work is perfect; not so much the work of creation or of providence, which are both the works of Christ, but that of redemption and salvation, in which there is not only a display of all the divine perfections, but is complete in all its parts; the law is perfectly fulfilled, justice is fully satisfied, a perfect righteousness is wrought out, a complete pardon is procured, perfect peace is made, full atonement of sins obtained, and the whole work is finished; and is so perfect that nothing is wanting in it, or can be added to it, nor can it be unravelled or undone again: likewise the work of building the church on this rock is carrying on, and will be perfected when all the elect of God, all given to Christ and redeemed by his blood, shall be called by grace and gathered in; when the last of the chosen ones, and redeemed of the Lamb, is brought in and laid in the building; when Christ shall deliver up the kingdom to the Father complete, and God shall be all in all, and his church and people will be in a perfect state to all eternity:

for all his ways are judgment; his ways, which he himself has taken and walked in; his ways of providence are according to the best judgment and highest wisdom, and according to the strictest justice and equity; his ways of grace towards the salvation of his people, and the building up his church on himself, the rock; all the methods he took in eternity and time were all formed according to the counsel of God, and planned with the greatest wisdom, founded in his righteous nature, and according to covenant compact with his Father, and entered into in the most honourable manner; and in which he brought about the salvation of his people, in perfect consistence with the justice and holiness of God, and to the honour of them and his holy law: and he has executed all his offices of prophet, priest, and King, in the most just and righteous manner: the ways which he has prescribed his people to walk in, and in which he leads them, are ways of truth, righteousness, and holiness; such are all his ordinances and commandments:

a God of truth; so Christ is called; see Gill on Isaiah 65:16; or the true God, which also is his name, 1 John 5:20; and is so called in opposition to fictitious deities, and such who are only so by name or office, but not by nature; whereas he is truly and properly God, as appears from his names and nature, from his perfections, works, and worship, ascribed to him: or "God the truth" (l), for he is "the truth", John 14:6; the truth of all types, promises, and prophecies, which all have their accomplishment in him; the sum and substance of all truths and doctrines, from whom they all come, and in whom they all centre: or "the God of faith" or "faithfulness" (m); the object of faith, and the author and finisher of it; and who is faithful, as the God-man and Mediator, to him that appointed him, being intrusted with all the elect of God, with all promises and blessings of grace for them, with the fulness of grace to communicate unto them, with the glory of God in their salvation, and with their future and final happiness; and is faithful in the discharge of his offices of prophet, priest, and King:

and without iniquity; in his nature, in his heart, in his lips, and in his life; nor was ever any committed by him:

just and right is he; just, both as a divine Person, and as man and Mediator; a lover and doer of righteousness, a worker out of righteousness for his people, and the justifier of them by it; just and righteous, as the, servant of God, as King of saints, and Judge of the whole world; "right" or "upright", which is the character of a divine Person, agrees with Christ, and may denote his sincerity, uprightness, and faithfulness.

(k) "quod attinet ad rupem illam", Piscator; "rupes illa", Van Till; "rupes illa", Vitringa. (l) "Deus veritas", Pagninus, Montanus. (m) "Deus fidei", Vatablus, Cocceius; "Deus veritatis sive fidei", Vitringa. 4. He is the Rock—a word expressive of power and stability. The application of it in this passage is to declare that God had been true to His covenant with their fathers and them. Nothing that He had promised had failed; so that if their national experience had been painfully checkered by severe and protracted trials, notwithstanding the brightest promises, that result was traceable to their own undutiful and perverse conduct; not to any vacillation or unfaithfulness on the part of God (Jas 1:17), whose procedure was marked by justice and judgment, whether they had been exalted to prosperity or plunged into the depths of affliction.32:3-6 He is a Rock. This is the first time God is called so in Scripture. The expression denotes that the Divine power, faithfulness, and love, as revealed in Christ and the gospel, form a foundation which cannot be changed or moved, on which we may build our hopes of happiness. And under his protection we may find refuge from all our enemies, and in all our troubles; as the rocks in those countries sheltered from the burning rays of the sun, and from tempests, or were fortresses from the enemy. His work is perfect: that of redemption and salvation, in which there is a display of all the Divine perfection, complete in all its parts. All God's dealings with his creatures are regulated by wisdom which cannot err, and perfect justice. He is indeed just and right; he takes care that none shall lose by him. A high charge is exhibited against Israel. Even God's children have their spots, while in this imperfect state; for if we say we have no sin, no spot, we deceive ourselves. But the sin of Israel was not habitual, notorious, unrepented sin; which is a certain mark of the children of Satan. They were fools to forsake their mercies for lying vanities. All wilful sinners, especially sinners in Israel, are unwise and ungrateful.
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