Deuteronomy 32:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
They are corrupt and not his children; to their shame they are a warped and crooked generation.

New Living Translation
"But they have acted corruptly toward him; when they act so perversely, are they really his children? They are a deceitful and twisted generation.

English Standard Version
They have dealt corruptly with him; they are no longer his children because they are blemished; they are a crooked and twisted generation.

New American Standard Bible
"They have acted corruptly toward Him, They are not His children, because of their defect; But are a perverse and crooked generation.

King James Bible
They have corrupted themselves, their spot is not the spot of his children: they are a perverse and crooked generation.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
His people have acted corruptly toward Him; this is their defect--they are not His children but a devious and crooked generation.

International Standard Version
But those who are not his children acted corruptly against him; they are a defective and perverted generation.

NET Bible
His people have been unfaithful to him; they have not acted like his children--this is their sin. They are a perverse and deceitful generation.

New Heart English Bible
They have dealt corruptly with him. They are not his children, because of their defect. They are a perverse and crooked generation.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He recognizes that his people are corrupt. To their shame they are no longer his children. They are devious and scheming.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Is corruption His? No; His children's is the blemish; A generation crooked and perverse.

New American Standard 1977
“They have acted corruptly toward Him,
            They are not His children, because of their defect;
            But are a perverse and crooked generation.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They have corrupted themselves, their spot is that they are not his sons; they are a perverse and crooked generation.

King James 2000 Bible
They have corrupted themselves, their blemish is not the blemish of his children: they are a perverse and crooked generation.

American King James Version
They have corrupted themselves, their spot is not the spot of his children: they are a perverse and crooked generation.

American Standard Version
They have dealt corruptly with him, they are not his children, it is their blemish; They are a perverse and crooked generation.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have sinned against him, and are nose of his children in their filth: they are a wicked and perverse generation.

Darby Bible Translation
They have dealt corruptly with him; Not his children's is their spot: -- A crooked and perverted generation!

English Revised Version
They have dealt corruptly with him, they are not his children, it is their blemish; They are a perverse and crooked generation.

Webster's Bible Translation
They have corrupted themselves, their spot is not the spot of his children: they are a perverse and crooked generation.

World English Bible
They have dealt corruptly with him, [they are] not his children, [it is] their blemish. [They are] a perverse and crooked generation.

Young's Literal Translation
It hath done corruptly to Him; Their blemish is not His sons', A generation perverse and crooked!
Study Bible
The Song of Moses
4"The Rock! His work is perfect, For all His ways are just; A God of faithfulness and without injustice, Righteous and upright is He. 5"They have acted corruptly toward Him, They are not His children, because of their defect; But are a perverse and crooked generation. 6"Do you thus repay the LORD, O foolish and unwise people? Is not He your Father who has bought you? He has made you and established you.…
Cross References
Matthew 17:17
"O unbelieving and perverse generation!" Jesus replied. "How long must I remain with you? How long must I put up with you? Bring the boy here to Me."

Acts 2:40
With many other words he testified, and he urged them, "Be saved from this corrupt generation."

Philippians 2:15
so that you may be blameless and pure, children of God without fault in a crooked and perverse generation, in which you shine as lights in the world

Numbers 23:21
"He has not observed misfortune in Jacob; Nor has He seen trouble in Israel; The LORD his God is with him, And the shout of a king is among them.

Deuteronomy 4:25
"When you become the father of children and children's children and have remained long in the land, and act corruptly, and make an idol in the form of anything, and do that which is evil in the sight of the LORD your God so as to provoke Him to anger,

Deuteronomy 31:29
"For I know that after my death you will act corruptly and turn from the way which I have commanded you; and evil will befall you in the latter days, for you will do that which is evil in the sight of the LORD, provoking Him to anger with the work of your hands."

Deuteronomy 32:20
"Then He said, 'I will hide My face from them, I will see what their end shall be; For they are a perverse generation, Sons in whom is no faithfulness.

Proverbs 8:8
"All the utterances of my mouth are in righteousness; There is nothing crooked or perverted in them.
Treasury of Scripture

They have corrupted themselves, their spot is not the spot of his children: they are a perverse and crooked generation.

They have corrupted themselves [heb] he hath corrupted to himself

Deuteronomy 4:16 Lest you corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven image, the similitude …

Deuteronomy 31:29 For I know that after my death you will utterly corrupt yourselves, …

Genesis 6:12 And God looked on the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all …

Exodus 32:7 And the LORD said to Moses, Go, get you down; for your people, which …

Judges 2:19 And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, …

Isaiah 1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, …

Hosea 9:9 They have deeply corrupted themselves, as in the days of Gibeah: …

Zephaniah 3:7 I said, Surely you will fear me, you will receive instruction; so …

2 Corinthians 11:3 But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through …

their spot, or, that they are not his children, that is their blot

John 8:41 You do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not …

a perverse

Deuteronomy 9:24 You have been rebellious against the LORD from the day that I knew you.

Psalm 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; …

Isaiah 1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, …

Matthew 3:7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism, …

Matthew 16:4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign; and there …

Matthew 17:17 Then Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, …

Luke 9:41 And Jesus answering said, O faithless and perverse generation, how …

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always …

Philippians 2:15 That you may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without …

(5)--"He (Israel) hath destroyed himself.

Their undutifulness,[5] that is their blot,

[5] Literally, they are no sons to him. (Comp. Deuteronomy 32:20.)

A froward and crooked generation !"

These first two lines are given up as hopeless by many interpreters, not because the words are difficult of translation, but from the great variety of possible interpretations. After careful consideration of the passage with a learned Christian Hebrew,[6] I venture to propound this as the true translation. It is substantially identical with that of the English margin. The Hebrew consists of five words only (1) "He-hath-corrupted (2) to-him (3) not (4) his-sons (5) their blemish." That the first two ought to be taken together, if the text is correct, seems certain. The same construction is found in Numbers 32:15, "ye shall destroy all this people," and also in 1Samuel 23:10, "to destroy the city." As to the third and fourth words, we have thought that their true relation is the same which we find in Deuteronomy 32:21, a "not-God," and a "not-people," and also in Deuteronomy 32:5, "not-wise." In like manner Israel are in this verse called "not-sons of His." Their not-sonship, their unfilial, undutiful, ungodly behaviour to Him who is the perfection of truth and sincerity, a very Rock of fidelity to them, that is their great blemish. He has said, "Israel is my son, even my firstborn." But all Israel's behaviour gives Him the lie. The contrast between the two descriptions--the faithful God of Deuteronomy 32:4, and the unfaithful children of Deuteronomy 32:5--is the cardinal point in the verse. In the form of the expression, lo-bnv is strictly parallel to the Lo-ammi of Hosea 1:9. The "froward and crooked generation" supplies two words to Psalm 18:26, "with the froward thou wilt shew thyself froward" Compare also the context of the two passages. Many other interpretations have been proposed, and some have altered the text. I believe the text to be correct, and that this is the true meaning.

[6] Mr. Bernhard Maimon, to whom I desire once for all to express my great obligations for assistance in this and many other difficulties.

They have corrupted themselves,.... This and what follows may seem to be the characters of the enemies of Christ, who lightly esteemed and rejected him, set in a contrast with him; who were not only corrupt by nature, as all men are, but were men of corrupt minds in their tenets and principles; who corrupted the word of God by their traditions, in the times of Christ; and were men of corrupt practices themselves, and corrupters of others:

their spot is not the spot of his children; of the children of the divine Person before described; Christ the rock has "children" given him by his Father, in whose adoption he has a concern, and by whose Spirit they are regenerated: these have their "spots"; by which are meant sins, and by those men are stained and polluted; so called in allusion to the spots of animals, as leopards; or to spots in faces and garments, through dirt and the like: by nature they are as others, and while in an unregenerate estate, and indeed after conversion; though they are washed from their sins by the blood of Christ, and are justified by his righteousness, and so without spot, yet in themselves they are not without spots or sins, as their confessions and complaints, and all experience testify: but the spots or sins of wicked men are not like theirs; the children of Christ sin through infirmity of the flesh, and the force of temptation, but wicked men through the malignity of their hearts, willingly and purposely; what good men do of this kind they hate, but what Christless and graceless sinners do they love; saints do not continue in sin, but ungodly men do, and proceed to more ungodliness, and wax worse and worse; gracious souls when they sin, are sorry for it, repent of it, are melted for it, and take shame to themselves on account of it; but unconverted men repent not of their wickedness, are hardened in it, and glory of it; see the character of the Jews in Christ's time, to which this song refers, John 8:44; though these clauses may be rendered to another sense, more agreeably to the context, and to the Hebrew accents, as they are by some; "is there any corruption in him? no" (n), that is, is there any corruption in the illustrious Person before described, as without iniquity, just, and right? no, none at all in his nature, divine or human; not in his divine nature, being the incorruptible God; nor in his human nature, which is entirely free from that corruption by sin, common to all that des, tend from Adam by natural generation, he being conceived under the power of the Holy Ghost; nor any in his life and conversation, being perfectly agreeable to the pure and holy law of God; nor any in his doctrines, however they may be charged by ignorant and malicious men, a proof of which follows: or "his children are their spot" (o); so the clause may be rendered; the spots of the Jewish nation, the most wicked and vilest among them, became his children; not only the lowest and meanest of them, as to civil and worldly things, but the more ignorant and the more wicked, even publicans and harlots; these, and not the righteous, he came to call and save, and did receive; these were regenerated by his grace, and they believed in him; and to them gave he power to become his children: but then did they remain the wicked persons they had been? no, they were made new creatures, they were internally sanctified, and lived holy lives and conversations; a clear proof this, that there was no corruption in Christ, nor in his doctrine, and that he neither by his tenets nor example encouraged sin, but all the reverse; Wisdom is justified of her children, Matthew 11:19; but then the rest, and the far greater part of the Jewish nation, in his time, have their character truly drawn, as follows:

they are a perverse and crooked generation; men of perverse and crooked natures, tempers, dispositions, ways, and works; who walked contrary to the will and law of God, and were indeed contrary to all men, 1 Thessalonians 2:15; this is the very character that is given of them, Matthew 17:17.

(n) "an est ipsi corruptio? non", Cocceius, van Till, Vitringa. (o) "filii ejus macula eorum", Van Till; "filii ejus labes ipsorum", Cocceius. 5. They have corrupted themselves—that is, the Israelites by their frequent lapses and their inveterate attachment to idolatry.

their spot is not the spot of his children—This is an allusion to the marks which idolaters inscribe on their foreheads or their arms with paint or other substances, in various colors and forms—straight, oval, or circular, according to the favorite idol of their worship.32:3-6 He is a Rock. This is the first time God is called so in Scripture. The expression denotes that the Divine power, faithfulness, and love, as revealed in Christ and the gospel, form a foundation which cannot be changed or moved, on which we may build our hopes of happiness. And under his protection we may find refuge from all our enemies, and in all our troubles; as the rocks in those countries sheltered from the burning rays of the sun, and from tempests, or were fortresses from the enemy. His work is perfect: that of redemption and salvation, in which there is a display of all the Divine perfection, complete in all its parts. All God's dealings with his creatures are regulated by wisdom which cannot err, and perfect justice. He is indeed just and right; he takes care that none shall lose by him. A high charge is exhibited against Israel. Even God's children have their spots, while in this imperfect state; for if we say we have no sin, no spot, we deceive ourselves. But the sin of Israel was not habitual, notorious, unrepented sin; which is a certain mark of the children of Satan. They were fools to forsake their mercies for lying vanities. All wilful sinners, especially sinners in Israel, are unwise and ungrateful.
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