Job 31:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"I made a covenant with my eyes not to look lustfully at a young woman.

New Living Translation
"I made a covenant with my eyes not to look with lust at a young woman.

English Standard Version
“I have made a covenant with my eyes; how then could I gaze at a virgin?

New American Standard Bible
"I have made a covenant with my eyes; How then could I gaze at a virgin?

King James Bible
I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I have made a covenant with my eyes. How then could I look at a young woman?

International Standard Version
"I made a covenant with my eyes; how, then, can I focus my attention on a virgin?

NET Bible
"I made a covenant with my eyes; how then could I entertain thoughts against a virgin?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"I have made an agreement with my eyes. Then how can I look with lust at a virgin?

Jubilee Bible 2000
I made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I look upon a maid?

King James 2000 Bible
I made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think upon a maiden?

American King James Version
I made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think on a maid?

American Standard Version
I made a covenant with mine eyes; How then should I look upon a virgin?

Douay-Rheims Bible
I made a covenant with my eyes, that I would not so much as think upon a virgin.

Darby Bible Translation
I made a covenant with mine eyes; and how should I fix my regard upon a maid?

English Revised Version
I MADE a covenant with mine eyes; how then should I look upon a maid?

Webster's Bible Translation
I Made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?

World English Bible
"I made a covenant with my eyes, how then should I look lustfully at a young woman?

Young's Literal Translation
A covenant I made for mine eyes, And what -- do I attend to a virgin?
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

31:1-8 Job did not speak the things here recorded by way of boasting, but in answer to the charge of hypocrisy. He understood the spiritual nature of God's commandments, as reaching to the thoughts and intents of the heart. It is best to let our actions speak for us; but in some cases we owe it to ourselves and to the cause of God, solemnly to protest our innocence of the crimes of which we are falsely accused. The lusts of the flesh, and the love of the world, are two fatal rocks on which multitudes split; against these Job protests he was always careful to stand upon his guard. And God takes more exact notice of us than we do of ourselves; let us therefore walk circumspectly. He carefully avoided all sinful means of getting wealth. He dreaded all forbidden profit as much as all forbidden pleasure. What we have in the world may be used with comfort, or lost with comfort, if honestly gotten. Without strict honestly and faithfulness in all our dealings, we can have no good evidence of true godliness. Yet how many professors are unable to abide this touchstone!

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - I made a covenant with mine eyes; rather, for mine eyes. The covenant must have been with himself. Job means that be came to a fixed resolution, by which he thenceforth guided his conduct, not even to "look upon a woman to lust after her" (Matthew 5:28). We must suppose this resolution come to in his early youth, when the passions are strongest, and when so many men go astray. How then should I look upon a maid! Having made such a resolution, how could I possibly break it by "looking upon a maid"? Job assumes that he could not be so weak as to break a solemn resolution.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

I made a covenant with mine eyes,.... Not to look upon a woman, and wantonly gaze at her beauty, lest his heart should be drawn thereby to lust after her; for the eyes are inlets to many sins, and particularly to uncleanness, of which there have been instances, both in bad men and good men, Genesis 34:2; so the poet (t) represents the eye as the way through which the beauty of a woman passes swifter than an arrow into the hearts of men, and makes impressions there; see 2 Peter 2:14; hence Zaleucus ordered adulterers to be punished, by plucking out the eyes of the adulterer (u); wherefore Job, to prevent this, entered into a solemn engagement with himself, laid himself under a strong obligation, as if he had bound himself by a covenant, made a resolution in the strength of divine grace, not to employ his eyes in looking on objects that might ensnare his heart, and lead him to the commission of sin; he made use of all ways and means, and took every precaution to guard against it; and particularly this, to shut or turn his eyes from beholding what might be alluring and enticing to him: it is said (x) of Democritus, that he put out his eyes because he could not look upon a woman without lusting after her:

why then should I think upon a maid; of corrupting and defiling her, since he had made a covenant with his eyes, and this would be a breach of that covenant: and therefore, besides the sin of lusting after her, or of corrupting her, he would be a covenant breaker, and so his sin would be an aggravated one: or he made a covenant with his eyes, to prevent any impure thoughts, desires, and inclinations in him; for the eye affects the heart, and stirs up lust in it, and excites unclean thoughts and unchaste desires: this shows that the thought of sin is sin; that fornication was reckoned a sin before the law of Moses; and that Job better understood the spirituality of the law than the Pharisees did in the time of Christ, and had the same notion of lust in the heart being fornication and adultery as he had; and that good men are not without temptation to sin, both from within and from without; and therefore should carefully shun all appearances of evil, and whatsoever leads unto it, and take every necessary precaution to guard against it.

(t) Musaeus de Heron. & Leand. v. 92, &c. (u) Aelian. Var. Hist. l. 13. c. 24. (x) Tertullian. Apolog. c. 46.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 31

Job 31:1-40.

1. Job proceeds to prove that he deserved a better lot. As in the twenty-ninth chapter, he showed his uprightness as an emir, or magistrate in public life, so in this chapter he vindicates his character in private life.

1-4. He asserts his guarding against being allured to sin by his senses.

think—rather, "cast a (lustful) look." He not merely did not so, but put it out of the question by covenanting with his eyes against leading him into temptation (Pr 6:25; Mt 5:28).

Job 31:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Job's Final Appeal
1"I have made a covenant with my eyes; How then could I gaze at a virgin? 2"And what is the portion of God from above Or the heritage of the Almighty from on high?…
Cross References
Matthew 5:28
But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

Job 31:9
"If my heart has been enticed by a woman, or if I have lurked at my neighbor's door,
Treasury of Scripture

I made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think on a maid?

a covenant

Genesis 6:2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; …

2 Samuel 11:2-4 And it came to pass in an evening, that David arose from off his …

Psalm 119:37 Turn away my eyes from beholding vanity; and quicken you me in your way.

Proverbs 4:25 Let your eyes look right on, and let your eyelids look straight before you.

Proverbs 23:31-33 Look not you on the wine when it is red, when it gives his color …

Matthew 5:28,29 But I say to you, That whoever looks on a woman to lust after her …

1 John 2:16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust …

think

Proverbs 6:25 Lust not after her beauty in your heart; neither let her take you …

James 1:14,15 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed…

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