Job 24:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The fatherless child is snatched from the breast; the infant of the poor is seized for a debt.

New Living Translation
"The wicked snatch a widow's child from her breast, taking the baby as security for a loan.

English Standard Version
(There are those who snatch the fatherless child from the breast, and they take a pledge against the poor.)

New American Standard Bible
"Others snatch the orphan from the breast, And against the poor they take a pledge.

King James Bible
They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The fatherless infant is snatched from the breast; the nursing child of the poor is seized as collateral.

International Standard Version
"The fatherless are torn from the breast; the poor are taken away as security for a loan.

NET Bible
The fatherless child is snatched from the breast, the infant of the poor is taken as a pledge.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"[People] snatch the [nursing] orphan from a breast and take a poor woman's baby as security for a loan.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They pluck the fatherless from the breast and take a pledge of the poor.

King James 2000 Bible
They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge from the poor.

American King James Version
They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.

American Standard Version
There are that pluck the fatherless from the breast, And take a pledge of the poor;

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have violently robbed the fatherless, and stripped the poor common people.

Darby Bible Translation
They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor:

English Revised Version
There are that pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor:

Webster's Bible Translation
They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.

World English Bible
There are those who pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor,

Young's Literal Translation
They take violently away From the breast the orphan, And on the poor they lay a pledge.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

24:1-12 Job discourses further about the prosperity of the wicked. That many live at ease who are ungodly and profane, he had showed, ch. xxi. Here he shows that many who live in open defiance of all the laws of justice, succeed in wicked practices; and we do not see them reckoned with in this world. He notices those that do wrong under pretence of law and authority; and robbers, those that do wrong by force. He says, God layeth not folly to them; that is, he does not at once send his judgments, nor make them examples, and so manifest their folly to all the world. But he that gets riches, and not by right, at his end shall be a fool, Jer 17:11.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 9. - They pluck the fatherless from the breast. Other oppressors, not of the marauding class, but dwellers in towns (ver. 12), are so cruel that they tear the unweaned child of the debtor from the mother's breast, as satisfaction for a debt, and carry him off into slavery (comp. 2 Kings 4:1; Nehemiah 5:5). And take a pledge of the poor; literally, take in pledge that which is on the poor - in other words, their clothing. They will not lend to them on any other terms, and so force them to part with their garments, and go about naked. Even Hebrew creditors seem to have done this (Exodus 22:26; Deuteronomy 24:12, 13); and the Mosaic Law did not forbid the practice, but only required the creditor to let the debtor have his garment at night, that he might sleep in it (Exodus 22:27; Deuteronomy 24:13).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

They pluck the fatherless from the breast,.... Either on purpose to starve it, which must be extremely barbarous; or to sell it to be brought up a slave; or by obliging the mother to wean it before the due time, that she might be the better able to do work for them they obliged her to. Mr. Broughton renders the words, "of mischievousness they rob the fatherless"; that is, through the greatness of the mischief they do, as Ben Gersom interprets it; or through the exceeding mischievous disposition they are of; of which this is a flagrant instance; or

"they rob the fatherless of what remains for him after spoiling (n),''

or devastation, through the plunder of his father's substance now dead, which was exceeding cruel:

and take a pledge of the poor; either the poor himself, or his poor fatherless children, see 2 Kings 4:1; or what is "upon the poor" (o), as it may be rendered; that is, his raiment, which was commonly taken for a pledge; and, by a law afterwards established in Israel, was obliged to be restored before sunset, that he might have a covering to sleep in, Exodus 22:26; See Gill on Job 22:6.

(n) "per devastationem", some in Munster; "post vastationem", Tigurine version; so Nachmanides & Bar Tzemach. (o) "super inopem", Cocceius, Schultens; so Ben Gersom.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

9. from the breast—of the widowed mother. Kidnapping children for slaves. Here Job passes from wrongs in the desert to those done among the habitations of men.

pledge—namely, the garment of the poor debtor, as Job 24:10 shows.

Job 24:9 Additional Commentaries
Context
Job: Why are the Wicked Unpunished
8"They are wet with the mountain rains And hug the rock for want of a shelter. 9"Others snatch the orphan from the breast, And against the poor they take a pledge. 10"They cause the poor to go about naked without clothing, And they take away the sheaves from the hungry.…
Cross References
Job 6:27
You would even cast lots for the fatherless and barter away your friend.

Job 22:6
You demanded security from your relatives for no reason; you stripped people of their clothing, leaving them naked.

Job 24:8
They are drenched by mountain rains and hug the rocks for lack of shelter.

Job 24:10
Lacking clothes, they go about naked; they carry the sheaves, but still go hungry.

Job 29:12
because I rescued the poor who cried for help, and the fatherless who had none to assist them.

Isaiah 3:14
The LORD enters into judgment against the elders and leaders of his people: "It is you who have ruined my vineyard; the plunder from the poor is in your houses.
Treasury of Scripture

They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.

2 Kings 4:1 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets …

Nehemiah 5:5 Yet now our flesh is as the flesh of our brothers, our children as …

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