Job 20:19
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
For he has oppressed the poor and left them destitute; he has seized houses he did not build.

New Living Translation
For they oppressed the poor and left them destitute. They foreclosed on their homes.

English Standard Version
For he has crushed and abandoned the poor; he has seized a house that he did not build.

New American Standard Bible
"For he has oppressed and forsaken the poor; He has seized a house which he has not built.

King James Bible
Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For he oppressed and abandoned the poor; he seized a house he did not build.

International Standard Version
because he has crushed and abandoned the poor; he has seized a house that he didn't build.

NET Bible
For he has oppressed the poor and abandoned them; he has seized a house which he did not build.

New Heart English Bible
For he has oppressed and forsaken the poor. He has violently taken away a house, and he shall not build it up.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
because he crushed and abandoned the poor. He has taken by force a house that he didn't build.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For he hath oppressed and forsaken the poor; He hath violently taken away a house, and he shall not build it up.

New American Standard 1977
“For he has oppressed and forsaken the poor;
            He has seized a house which he has not built.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Because he oppressed and forsook the poor; because he has violently taken away houses which he did not build,

King James 2000 Bible
Because he has oppressed and has forsaken the poor; because he has violently taken away a house which he built not;

American King James Version
Because he has oppressed and has forsaken the poor; because he has violently taken away an house which he built not;

American Standard Version
For he hath oppressed and forsaken the poor; He hath violently taken away a house, and he shall not build it up.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because he broke in and stripped the poor: he hath violently taken away a house which he did not build.

Darby Bible Translation
For he hath oppressed, hath forsaken the poor; he hath violently taken away a house that he did not build.

English Revised Version
For he hath oppressed and forsaken the poor; he hath violently taken away an house, and he shall not build it up.

Webster's Bible Translation
Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away a house which he did not build.

World English Bible
For he has oppressed and forsaken the poor. He has violently taken away a house, and he shall not build it up.

Young's Literal Translation
For he oppressed -- he forsook the poor, A house he hath taken violently away, And he doth not build it.
Study Bible
Zophar: Triumph of the Wicked Short-lived
18"He returns what he has attained And cannot swallow it; As to the riches of his trading, He cannot even enjoy them. 19"For he has oppressed and forsaken the poor; He has seized a house which he has not built. 20"Because he knew no quiet within him, He does not retain anything he desires.…
Cross References
Job 24:2
"Some remove the landmarks; They seize and devour flocks.

Job 31:16
"If I have kept the poor from their desire, Or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

Job 35:9
"Because of the multitude of oppressions they cry out; They cry for help because of the arm of the mighty.
Treasury of Scripture

Because he has oppressed and has forsaken the poor; because he has violently taken away an house which he built not;

Because

Job 21:27,28 Behold, I know your thoughts, and the devices which you wrongfully …

Job 22:6 For you have taken a pledge from your brother for nothing, and stripped …

Job 24:2-12 Some remove the landmarks; they violently take away flocks, and feed thereof…

Job 31:13-22,38,39 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, …

Job 35:9 By reason of the multitude of oppressions they make the oppressed …

1 Samuel 12:3,4 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before …

Psalm 10:18 To judge the fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth …

Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now …

Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker: but he that honors …

Proverbs 22:22,23 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted …

Ecclesiastes 4:1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under …

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of …

Ezekiel 22:29 The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, …

Amos 4:1-3 Hear this word, you cows of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, …

James 2:6,13 But you have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and …

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, …

oppressed. Heb. crushed

Deuteronomy 28:33 The fruit of your land, and all your labors, shall a nation which …

Lamentations 3:34 To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth.

he hath violently

Job 18:15 It shall dwell in his tabernacle, because it is none of his: brimstone …

Job 24:2 Some remove the landmarks; they violently take away flocks, and feed thereof.

1 Kings 21:19 And you shall speak to him, saying, Thus said the LORD, Have you …

Isaiah 5:7,8 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and …

Micah 2:2,9 And they covet fields, and take them by violence; and houses, and …

(19) Because he hath oppressed and forsaken . . .--For these insinuations there was not a vestige of ground, but Job formally rebuts them in Job 31

Verse 19. - Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor. These charges are now for the first time insinuated against Job; later on, they are openly brought by Eliphaz (Job 22:5-9). Job denies them categorically in Job 29:11-17. They seem to have been pure calumnies, without an atom of foundation. Because he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not. Another calumny, doubtless. Something like it was insinuated by Eliphaz in Job 15:28. Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor,.... Having oppressed, crushed, and broken the poor to pieces, he leaves them so without pity and compassion for them, and without giving them any relief; he first by oppression makes them poor, or however poorer still, and then leaves them in such circumstances; for this does not suppose that he once was a favourer of them, and afforded them assistance in their necessities, and afterwards forsook them; but rather, as Ben Gersom gives the sense, he does not leave the poor until he has oppressed and crushed them, and then he does; Mr. Broughton's reading of the words agrees with the former sense, "he oppresseth and leaveth poor":

because he hath violently taken away an house which he built not; an house which did not belong to him, he had no property in or right unto, which, as he had not bought, he had not built; and therefore could lay no rightful claim unto it, and yet this he took in a violent manner from the right owner of it, see Micah 2:2; or "and", or "but shall not build it" (a), or "buildeth it not"; he took it away with an intention to pull it down, and build a stately palace in the room of it; but either his substance was taken from him, or he taken away by death before he could finish it, and so either through neglect, or want of opportunity, or of money, did not what he thought to have done.

(a) "et non aedificabit eam", Pagninus, Montanus; "et non aedificat eam", Cocceius, Schultens; "non autem", Beza; "sed non", Schmidt, Michaelis. 19. oppressed—whereas he ought to have espoused their cause (2Ch 16:10).

forsaken—left helpless.

house—thus leaving the poor without shelter (Isa 5:8; Mic 2:2).20:10-22 The miserable condition of the wicked man in this world is fully set forth. The lusts of the flesh are here called the sins of his youth. His hiding it and keeping it under his tongue, denotes concealment of his beloved lust, and delight therein. But He who knows what is in the heart, knows what is under the tongue, and will discover it. The love of the world, and of the wealth of it, also is wickedness, and man sets his heart upon these. Also violence and injustice, these sins bring God's judgments upon nations and families. Observe the punishment of the wicked man for these things. Sin is turned into gall, than which nothing is more bitter; it will prove to him poison; so will all unlawful gains be. In his fulness he shall be in straits, through the anxieties of his own mind. To be led by the sanctifying grace of God to restore what was unjustly gotten, as Zaccheus was, is a great mercy. But to be forced to restore by the horrors of a despairing conscience, as Judas was, has no benefit and comfort attending it.
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