Job 24:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They drive away the orphan's donkey and take the widow's ox in pledge.

New Living Translation
They take the orphan's donkey and demand the widow's ox as security for a loan.

English Standard Version
They drive away the donkey of the fatherless; they take the widow’s ox for a pledge.

New American Standard Bible
"They drive away the donkeys of the orphans; They take the widow's ox for a pledge.

King James Bible
They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They drive away the donkeys owned by the fatherless and take the widow's ox as collateral.

International Standard Version
They drive away the orphan's donkey; they take the ox of the widow as security for a loan;

NET Bible
They drive away the orphan's donkey; they take the widow's ox as a pledge.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They drive away the orphan's donkey. They take the widow's ox as security for a loan.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They drive away the ass of the fatherless; they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

King James 2000 Bible
They drive away the donkey of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

American King James Version
They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

American Standard Version
They drive away the ass of the fatherless; They take the widow's ox for a pledge.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have driven away the ass of the fatherless, and have taken away the widow's ox for a pledge.

Darby Bible Translation
They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge;

English Revised Version
They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

Webster's Bible Translation
They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

World English Bible
They drive away the donkey of the fatherless, and they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

Young's Literal Translation
The ass of the fatherless they lead away, They take in pledge the ox of the widow,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

24:1-12 Job discourses further about the prosperity of the wicked. That many live at ease who are ungodly and profane, he had showed, ch. xxi. Here he shows that many who live in open defiance of all the laws of justice, succeed in wicked practices; and we do not see them reckoned with in this world. He notices those that do wrong under pretence of law and authority; and robbers, those that do wrong by force. He says, God layeth not folly to them; that is, he does not at once send his judgments, nor make them examples, and so manifest their folly to all the world. But he that gets riches, and not by right, at his end shall be a fool, Jer 17:11.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3 - They drive away the ass of the fatherless. This was another form of oppression. "Whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed?" says Samuel, on laying down his judgeship (1 Samuel 12:3). The "fatherless" were particularly liable to such ill treatment, seeing that they had lost their natural protector. They take the widow's ox for a pledge. It may be true that this was nowhere a legal offence, not even among the Hebrews (Lee); but it was a real act of oppression, and forms a fitting counterpart to the injury done to the orphan. (On the natural tendency of selfish men to bear hard on these two classes, see Exodus 22:22; Deuteronomy 24:17; Deuteronomy 27:19; Psalm 94:6; Isaiah 1:23; Isaiah 10:2; Jeremiah 5:28; Zechariah 7:10.)

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

They drive away the ass of the fatherless,.... Who are left destitute of friends, and have none to take care of them, and provide for them; and who having one ass to carry their goods for them from place to place, or to ride upon, which though a creature of no great worth, yet of some usefulness, this they drove away from its pasture, or however from its right owner; and who having but one, it was the more cruel and inhuman to take it from him, see, 2 Samuel 12:3;

they take the widow's ox for a pledge; or oxen, the singular for the plural, with which her lands were ploughed, for a single ox could be but of little service: some render it "a cow" (h), by the milk of which she and her family were chiefly supported, as many poor country families are by the means of a good milch cow; and to take this, on which her livelihood depended, and retain for a pledge, was very barbarous; when the law concerning pledges took place among the Jews, in the times of Moses, which it seems was in being before with others, whatsoever was useful to persons, either to keep them warm, or by which they got their bread, were not to be taken, at least not detained for a pledge, see Exodus 22:26.

(h) "pro bove foemina, vacca", Bolducius.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3. pledge—alluding to Job 22:6. Others really do, and with impunity, that which Eliphaz falsely charges the afflicted Job with.

Job 24:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Job: Why are the Wicked Unpunished
2"Some remove the landmarks; They seize and devour flocks. 3"They drive away the donkeys of the orphans; They take the widow's ox for a pledge. 4"They push the needy aside from the road; The poor of the land are made to hide themselves altogether.…
Cross References
Exodus 22:26
If you take your neighbor's cloak as a pledge, return it by sunset,

Deuteronomy 24:17
Do not deprive the foreigner or the fatherless of justice, or take the cloak of the widow as a pledge.

Job 6:27
You would even cast lots for the fatherless and barter away your friend.

Job 22:6
You demanded security from your relatives for no reason; you stripped people of their clothing, leaving them naked.

Job 22:9
And you sent widows away empty-handed and broke the strength of the fatherless.
Treasury of Scripture

They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

drive

Job 22:6-9 For you have taken a pledge from your brother for nothing, and stripped …

Job 31:16,17 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the …

Deuteronomy 24:6,10-13,17-21 No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for …

1 Samuel 12:3 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before …

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