'If thou dost lend My poor people with thee money, thou art not to him as a usurer; thou dost not lay on him usury;
Exodus 22:25 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Neither shalt thou lay upon him usury - נשך neshech, from nashach, to bite, cut, or pierce with the teeth; biting usury. So the Latins call it usura vorax, devouring usury. "The increase of usury is called נשך neshech, because it resembles the biting of a serpent; for as this is so small as scarcely to be perceptible at first, but the venom soon spreads and diffuses itself till it reaches the vitals, so the increase of usury, which at first is not perceived nor felt, at length grows so much as by degrees to devour another's substance." - Leigh.
It is evident that what is here said must be understood of accumulated usury, or what we call compound interest only; and accordingly נשך neshech is mentioned with and distinguished from תרביה tarbith and מרביה marbith, interest or simple interest, Leviticus 25:36, Leviticus 25:37; Proverbs 28:8; Ezekiel 18:8, Ezekiel 18:13, Ezekiel 18:17, and Exodus 22:12 - Parkhurst.
Perhaps usury may be more properly defined unlawful interest, receiving more for the loan of money than it is really worth, and more than the law allows. It is a wise regulation in the laws of England, that if a man be convicted of usury - taking unlawful interest, the bond or security is rendered void, and he forfeits treble the sum borrowed. Against such an oppressive practice the wisdom of God saw it essentially necessary to make a law to prevent a people, who were naturally what our Lord calls the Pharisees, φιλαργυροι, lovers of money, (Luke 16:14), from oppressing each other; and who, notwithstanding the law in the text, practice usury in all places of their dispersion to the present day.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Leviticus 25:35-37 And if your brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with you; then you shall relieve him: yes, though he be a stranger...
Deuteronomy 23:19,20 You shall not lend on usury to your brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent on usury...
2 Kings 4:1,7 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets to Elisha, saying, Your servant my husband is dead...
Nehemiah 5:2-5,7,10,11 For there were that said, We, our sons, and our daughters, are many: therefore we take up corn for them, that we may eat, and live...
Psalm 15:5 He that puts not out his money to usury, nor takes reward against the innocent. He that does these things shall never be moved.
Proverbs 28:8 He that by usury and unjust gain increases his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.
Jeremiah 15:10 Woe is me, my mother, that you have borne me a man of strife and a man of contention to the whole earth! I have neither lent on usury...
Ezekiel 18:8,17 He that has not given forth on usury, neither has taken any increase, that has withdrawn his hand from iniquity...
Matthew 25:27 You ought therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then at my coming I should have received my own with usury.
Luke 19:23 Why then gave not you my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required my own with usury?
Exodus 22:25 Parallel CommentariesAct Charge Creditor Exact Hard Interest Lend Money Moneylender Needy Poor Use Usurer UsuryAct Charge Creditor Exact Hard Interest Lend Money Moneylender Needy Poor Use Usurer UsuryTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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