2 Chronicles 20:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Alarmed, Jehoshaphat resolved to inquire of the LORD, and he proclaimed a fast for all Judah.

New Living Translation
Jehoshaphat was terrified by this news and begged the LORD for guidance. He also ordered everyone in Judah to begin fasting.

English Standard Version
Then Jehoshaphat was afraid and set his face to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

New American Standard Bible
Jehoshaphat was afraid and turned his attention to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

King James Bible
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Jehoshaphat was afraid, and he resolved to seek the LORD. Then he proclaimed a fast for all Judah,

International Standard Version
In mounting fear, Jehoshaphat devoted himself to seek the LORD. He proclaimed a period of fasting throughout all of the territory of Judah,

NET Bible
Jehoshaphat was afraid, so he decided to seek the LORD's advice. He decreed that all Judah should observe a fast.

New Heart English Bible
Jehoshaphat was alarmed, and set himself to seek to the LORD. He proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Frightened, Jehoshaphat decided to ask for the LORD's help. He announced a fast throughout Judah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek unto the LORD; and he proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

New American Standard 1977
And Jehoshaphat was afraid and turned his attention to seek the LORD; and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Jehoshaphat feared and set himself to seek the LORD and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

King James 2000 Bible
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set his face to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

American King James Version
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

American Standard Version
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek unto Jehovah; and he proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Josaphat being seized with fear betook himself wholly to pray to the Lord, and he proclaimed a fast for all Juda.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek Jehovah, and proclaimed a fast throughout Judah.

English Revised Version
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek unto the LORD; and he proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

World English Bible
Jehoshaphat was alarmed, and set himself to seek to Yahweh. He proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehoshaphat feareth, and setteth his face to seek to Jehovah, and proclaimeth a fast over all Judah;
Study Bible
Jehoshaphat Invaded by Moab
2Then some came and reported to Jehoshaphat, saying, "A great multitude is coming against you from beyond the sea, out of Aram and behold, they are in Hazazon-tamar (that is Engedi)." 3Jehoshaphat was afraid and turned his attention to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah. 4So Judah gathered together to seek help from the LORD; they even came from all the cities of Judah to seek the LORD.…
Cross References
1 Samuel 7:6
They gathered to Mizpah, and drew water and poured it out before the LORD, and fasted on that day and said there, "We have sinned against the LORD." And Samuel judged the sons of Israel at Mizpah.

2 Chronicles 19:3
"But there is some good in you, for you have removed the Asheroth from the land and you have set your heart to seek God."

Ezra 8:21
Then I proclaimed a fast there at the river of Ahava, that we might humble ourselves before our God to seek from Him a safe journey for us, our little ones, and all our possessions.

Jeremiah 36:9
Now in the fifth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, in the ninth month, all the people in Jerusalem and all the people who came from the cities of Judah to Jerusalem proclaimed a fast before the LORD.

Jonah 3:7
He issued a proclamation and it said, "In Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles: Do not let man, beast, herd, or flock taste a thing. Do not let them eat or drink water.
Treasury of Scripture

And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

feared

Genesis 32:7-11,24-28 Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed: and he divided the …

Psalm 56:3,4 What time I am afraid, I will trust in you…

Isaiah 37:3-6 And they said to him, Thus said Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, …

Jonah 1:16 Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly, and offered a sacrifice …

Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul…

himself [heb] his face
seek the Lord

2 Chronicles 11:16 And after them out of all the tribes of Israel such as set their …

2 Chronicles 19:3 Nevertheless there are good things found in you, in that you have …

proclaimed

Judges 20:26 Then all the children of Israel, and all the people, went up, and …

1 Samuel 7:6 And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured …

Ezra 8:21-23 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might …

Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and …

Jeremiah 36:9 And it came to pass in the fifth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah …

Daniel 9:3 And I set my face to the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, …

Joel 1:14 Sanctify you a fast, call a solemn assembly, gather the elders and …

Joel 2:12-18 Therefore also now, said the LORD, turn you even to me with all your …

Jonah 3:5-9 So the people of Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and …

(3) And Jehoshaphat.--And he was afraid (scil., at the news). And Jehoshaphat set his face, &c. Literally, put his face--a phrase used in Daniel 9:3 (comp. 2Kings 12:18), and implying resolved, determined.

To seek the Lord.--The Hebrew construction is that of 2Chronicles 15:13 (le is here a sign of the accusative).

Proclaimed a fast.--An act of national self-humiliation, implying an admission of guilt, and intended to evoke the Divine pity and succour. (Comp. Judges 20:26; Joel 2:12-17; 1Samuel 7:6; Ezra 8:21.)

Verse 3. - Proclaimed a fast. This is the first recorded occasion of a general fast by royal proclamation, and of individual fasting it is remarkable that there is no record before the time and the act of Moses (as e.g. Exodus 34:28); after which, for individual fasting, come occasions like those of David (2 Samuel 12:16) and Elijah (1 Kings 19:8); for general fasting, occasions like those of Joshua 7:6; Judges 20:26; 1 Samuel 7:6; and for partial fasting, by semi-royal authority, that "proclaimed" by Jezebel (1 Kings 21:9, 12). And Jehoshaphat feared,.... Exceedingly, as the Targum adds, not merely because of the number of his enemies, for he had forces enough to go forth against them, see 2 Chronicles 17:14, but chiefly because the Lord had told him that wrath was upon him from him, 2 Chronicles 19:2 and he might fear that this was the time for the execution of it:

and set himself to seek the Lord; by prayer and supplication, with all seriousness, fervour, and constancy:

and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah; a day of humiliation and mourning for sin before the Lord; when they were ordered to abstain from bodily food and labour, that they might be fit and more at leisure for spiritual exercises. 3, 4. Jehoshaphat … proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah—Alarmed by the intelligence and conscious of his total inability to repel this host of invaders, Jehoshaphat felt his only refuge was at the horns of the altar. He resolved to employ the aid of his God, and, in conformity with this resolution, he summoned all his subjects to observe a solemn fast at the sanctuary. It was customary with the Hebrew kings to proclaim fasts in perilous circumstances, either in a city, a district, or throughout the entire kingdom, according to the greatness of the emergency. On this occasion, it was a universal fast, which extended to infants (2Ch 20:13; see also Joe 2:15, 16; Jon 3:7).20:1-13 In all dangers, public or personal, our first business should be to seek help from God. Hence the advantage of days for national fasting and prayer. From the first to the last of our seeking the Lord, we must approach him with humiliation for our sins, trusting only in his mercy and power. Jehoshaphat acknowledges the sovereign dominion of the Divine Providence. Lord, exert it on our behalf. Whom should we seek to, whom should we trust to for relief, but the God we have chosen and served. Those that use what they have for God, may comfortably hope he will secure it to them. Every true believer is a son of Abraham, a friend of God; with such the everlasting covenant is established, to such every promise belongs. We are assured of God's love, by his dwelling in human nature in the person of the Saviour. Jehoshaphat mentions the temple, as a token of God's favourable presence. He pleads the injustice of his enemies. We may well appeal to God against those that render us evil for good. Though he had a great army, he said, We have no might without thee; we rely upon thee.
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OT History: 2 Chronicles 20:3 Jehoshaphat feared and set himself to seek (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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