1 Kings 21:9
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
In those letters she wrote: "Proclaim a day of fasting and seat Naboth in a prominent place among the people.

New Living Translation
In her letters she commanded: "Call the citizens together for fasting and prayer, and give Naboth a place of honor.

English Standard Version
And she wrote in the letters, “Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth at the head of the people.

New American Standard Bible
Now she wrote in the letters, saying, "Proclaim a fast and seat Naboth at the head of the people;

King James Bible
And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the letters, she wrote: Proclaim a fast and seat Naboth at the head of the people.

International Standard Version
In the memos, she wrote the following directives: "Proclaim a public fast and seat Naboth in the front row.

NET Bible
This is what she wrote: "Observe a time of fasting and seat Naboth in front of the people.

New Heart English Bible
She wrote in the letters, saying, "Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In these letters she wrote: "Announce a fast. Seat Naboth as leader of the people.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And she wrote in the letters, saying: 'Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth at the head of the people;

New American Standard 1977
Now she wrote in the letters, saying, “Proclaim a fast, and seat Naboth at the head of the people;

Jubilee Bible 2000
And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast and set Naboth at the head of the people

King James 2000 Bible
And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people:

American King James Version
And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people:

American Standard Version
And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And this was the tenor of the letters: Proclaim a fast, and make Naboth sit among the chief of the people,

Darby Bible Translation
And she wrote in the letter saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth at the head of the people;

English Revised Version
And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people:

Webster's Bible Translation
And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people:

World English Bible
She wrote in the letters, saying, "Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people.

Young's Literal Translation
and she writeth in the letters, saying, 'Proclaim a fast, and cause Naboth to sit at the head of the people,
Study Bible
Ahab Covets Naboth's Vineyard
8So she wrote letters in Ahab's name and sealed them with his seal, and sent letters to the elders and to the nobles who were living with Naboth in his city. 9Now she wrote in the letters, saying, "Proclaim a fast and seat Naboth at the head of the people; 10and seat two worthless men before him, and let them testify against him, saying, 'You cursed God and the king.' Then take him out and stone him to death."…
Cross References
1 Kings 21:8
So she wrote letters in Ahab's name and sealed them with his seal, and sent letters to the elders and to the nobles who were living with Naboth in his city.

1 Kings 21:10
and seat two worthless men before him, and let them testify against him, saying, 'You cursed God and the king.' Then take him out and stone him to death."
Treasury of Scripture

And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people:

Proclaim a fast

Genesis 34:13-17 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, …

Isaiah 58:4 Behold, you fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist …

Matthew 2:8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently …

Matthew 23:14 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' …

Luke 20:47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a show make long prayers: the …

John 18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas to the hall of judgment: and it …

on high among [heb] in the top of

(9) Proclaim a fast.--This might be only to cover all that was to be so foully done with a cloak of religious observance, or, perhaps more probably, to imply that some secret sin had been committed, which would draw down vengeance on the whole city, and so to prepare for the false accusation. There is a like ambiguity as to the explanation of the command, "set Naboth on high," as either an exaltation of pretended honour, or the "lifting up his head" (Genesis 40:20) for accusation. It may be noted that the whole scheme implies a return of the people to at least the outward observance of the Law of the Lord.

Verse 9. - And she wrote in the letters, saying Proclaim a fast [The object of this ordinance was to give the impression that the city was labouring under, or threatened with, a curse, because of some undiscovered sin (2 Samuel 21:1; Joshua 9:11; Deuteronomy 21:9), which must be removed or averted by public humiliation. Cf. Joel 1:14; Joel 2:12; 1 Samuel 7:6; 2 Chronicles 20:3)], and set Naboth on high among the people. [Heb. at the head of the people. Keil, al. interpret, bring him into the court of justice, as defendant before all the people." And certainly הושִׁיבוּ here, and in the next verse - where it is used of the witnesses (cf. ver. 13) - means, make to sit; which looks as if judicial procedure were intended. But "at the head of the people "rather suggests that in the public assembly, which marked the fast (Joel 2:15), Naboth was assigned the most distinguished place. The reason for this is obvious, viz., to give a colour of impartiality to the proceedings. As Grotius, Ne odio damnasse crederentur, quem ipsi honoraverunt. It would also accord with the popular idea of retributive justice that Naboth should be denounced in the very hour of his triumph and exaltation. Josephus, however, says that it was because of his high birth that this position was assigned him.] And she wrote in the letters, saying, proclaim a fast,.... Pretending fears of some dreadful calamity coming upon the nation, and therefore fasting and humiliation were necessary to avert it, and it would be right to inquire what crimes were committed by men among them, and punish them for them; and intimated to them that Naboth should be chosen as the great offender, and be accused, condemned, and put to death, R. Joseph Kimchi (a) thinks the phrase signifies "call an assembly or congregation"; convene a court of judicature, from the use of the word in the Talmudic language (b); and so it is thought it is used in Jeremiah 36:6 and indeed it can hardly be thought that Jezebel should have much notion of fasting; and besides, if it was a public fast, why should it be proclaimed only in Jezreel, and not throughout the kingdom?

and set Naboth on high among the people; the court being set, bring him to the bar and arraign him; perhaps in their courts of judicature there was a high place above the heads of the people, where criminals accused used to stand when they took their trials, that they might be seen and heard by all in court.

(a) Apud David. Kimchium in loc. (b) Vid. Buxtorf. Talmud. Lexic. in rad 9. Proclaim a fast, etc.—Those obsequious and unprincipled magistrates did according to orders. Pretending that a heavy guilt lay on one, or some unknown party, who was charged with blaspheming God and the king and that Ahab was threatening vengeance on the whole city unless the culprit were discovered and punished, they assembled the people to observe a solemn fast. Fasts were commanded on extraordinary occasions affecting the public interests of the state (2Ch 20:3; Ezr 8:21; Joe 1:14; 2:15; Jon 3:5). The wicked authorities of Jezreel, by proclaiming the fast, wished to give an external appearance of justice to their proceedings and convey an impression among the people that Naboth's crime amounted to treason against the king's life.

set Naboth on high—During a trial the panel, or accused person, was placed on a high seat, in the presence of all the court; but as the guilty person was supposed to be unknown, the setting of Naboth on high among the people must have been owing to his being among the distinguished men of the place.21:5-16 When, instead of a help meet, a man has an agent for Satan, in the form of an artful, unprincipled, yet beloved wife, fatal effects may be expected. Never were more wicked orders given by any prince, than those Jezebel sent to the rulers of Jezreel. Naboth must be murdered under colour of religion. There is no wickedness so vile, so horrid, but religion has sometimes been made a cover for it. Also, it must be done under colour of justice, and with the formalities of legal process. Let us, from this sad story, be amazed at the wickedness of the wicked, and the power of Satan in the children of disobedience. Let us commit the keeping of our lives and comforts to God, for innocence will not always be our security; and let us rejoice in the knowledge that all will be set to rights in the great day.
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Alphabetical: a among and at day fast fasting head In letters Naboth Now of people place Proclaim prominent saying seat she the those wrote

OT History: 1 Kings 21:9 She wrote in the letters saying Proclaim (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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