2 Chronicles 19:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He appointed judges in the land, in each of the fortified cities of Judah.

New Living Translation
He appointed judges throughout the nation in all the fortified towns,

English Standard Version
He appointed judges in the land in all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city,

New American Standard Bible
He appointed judges in the land in all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city.

King James Bible
And he set judges in the land throughout all the fenced cities of Judah, city by city,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He appointed judges in all the fortified cities of the land of Judah, city by city.

International Standard Version
and appointing judges throughout the land in all of the walled cities of Judah, city by city. He issued this reminder to the judges:

NET Bible
He appointed judges throughout the land and in each of the fortified cities of Judah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He appointed judges in the country, in each fortified city of Judah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he set judges in the land throughout all the fenced cities of Judah, city by city,

King James 2000 Bible
And he set judges in the land throughout all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city,

American King James Version
And he set judges in the land throughout all the fenced cities of Judah, city by city,

American Standard Version
And he set judges in the land throughout all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he set judges of the land in all the fenced cities of Juda, in every place.

Darby Bible Translation
And he set judges in the land throughout the fortified cities of Judah, city by city.

English Revised Version
And he set judges in the land throughout all the fenced cities of Judah, city by city,

Webster's Bible Translation
And he set judges in the land throughout all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city,

World English Bible
He set judges in the land throughout all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city,

Young's Literal Translation
And he establisheth judges in the land, in all the fenced cities of Judah, for every city,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

19:1-11 Jehoshaphat visits his kingdom. - Whenever we return in peace to our houses, we ought to acknowledge God's providence in preserving our going out and coming in. And if we have been kept through more than common dangers, we are, in a special manner, bound to be thankful. Distinguishing mercies lay us under strong obligations. The prophet tells Jehoshaphat he had done very ill in joining Ahab. He took the reproof well. See the effect the reproof had upon him. He strictly searched his own kingdom. By what the prophet said, Jehoshaphat perceived that his former attempts for reformation were well-pleasing to God; therefore he did what was then left undone. It is good when commendations quicken us to our duty. There are diversities of gifts and operations, but all from the same Spirit, and for the public good; and as every one has received the gift, so let him minister the same. Blessed be God for magistrates and ministers, scribes and statesmen, men of books, and men of business. Observe the charge the king gave. They must do all in the fear of the Lord, with a perfect, upright heart. And they must make it their constant care to prevent sin, as an offence to God, and what would bring wrath on the people.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - Judges... fenced cities. Jehoshaphat proceeds from direct religious reforms to that which is of importance only second in the life of a nation - reform in the matter of civil administration of justice. The skeleton here given of what should be the character of a judge, and why, harmonizes well with the uniform stress laid in Scripture upon "justice and judgment." It is hard indeed to see, rather impossible, upon what foundation a sure structure of civil growth and stability can be laid, except on that of positive religion. Note the positions and the succinct arguments of vers. 6, 7; and how unequivocally they are based upon faith in a personal God, and upon his revealed character. It can scarcely be that this was the first time of judges being set in the cities of Judah but possibly the meaning intended to be conveyed with emphasis is, that now, looking well round his kingdom, he took care that all the cities should be properly provided with the necessary judges, while of late some had been, and some had not, and some, though they had been officered with judges, had found them not what judges ought to be. The immense majority of the "six thousand" Levite "officers and judges" of David's regulation (1 Chronicles 23:4; 36:29) had, with their superiors, kings and prophets, gone astray. With our present passage may be compared Deuteronomy 16:18-20, where the original enactment of judges and officers is narrated. Fenced cities. Hebrew for "fenced," בְּצֻרות; kal passive part. plur. The word occurs twenty-six times from the Book of Numbers to the Book of the Prophet Zechariah, and is rendered in the Authorized Version "fenced" or "defenced" twenty-two times, "walled" twice, "strong" once, and "mighty" once. The "gates" of the original institution in Deuteronomy are now (probably still the gates of) fenced cities.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And he set judges in the land throughout all the fenced cities of Judah, city by city,.... Inferior judges in lesser courts of judicature than that at Jerusalem, and that in every city, that judgment and justice might be executed everywhere; such were appointed by David, but had been neglected, and now restored, see 1 Chronicles 26:29.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

2Ch 19:5-7. His Instructions to the Judges.

5-7. he set judges in the land—There had been judicial courts established at an early period. But Jehoshaphat was the first king who modified these institutions according to the circumstances of the now fragmentary kingdom of Judah. He fixed local courts in each of the fortified cities, these being the provincial capitals of every district (see on [443]De 16:18).

2 Chronicles 19:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jehoshaphat's Reforms
4So Jehoshaphat lived in Jerusalem and went out again among the people from Beersheba to the hill country of Ephraim and brought them back to the LORD, the God of their fathers. 5He appointed judges in the land in all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city. 6He said to the judges, "Consider what you are doing, for you do not judge for man but for the LORD who is with you when you render judgment.…
Cross References
Matthew 5:21
"You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'You shall not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.'

Matthew 5:22
But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, 'Raca,' is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be in danger of the fire of hell.

Exodus 18:21
But select capable men from all the people--men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain--and appoint them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.

Deuteronomy 1:17
Do not show partiality in judging; hear both small and great alike. Do not be afraid of anyone, for judgment belongs to God. Bring me any case too hard for you, and I will hear it."

Deuteronomy 16:18
Appoint judges and officials for each of your tribes in every town the LORD your God is giving you, and they shall judge the people fairly.
Treasury of Scripture

And he set judges in the land throughout all the fenced cities of Judah, city by city,

2 Chronicles 19:8 Moreover in Jerusalem did Jehoshaphat set of the Levites, and of …

Deuteronomy 16:18-20 Judges and officers shall you make you in all your gates, which the …

Romans 13:1-5 Let every soul be subject to the higher powers. For there is no power …

1 Peter 2:13,14 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: …

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OT History: 2 Chronicles 19:5 He set judges in the land throughout (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

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