1 Samuel 8:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as Israel's leaders.

New Living Translation
As Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons to be judges over Israel.

English Standard Version
When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel.

New American Standard Bible
And it came about when Samuel was old that he appointed his sons judges over Israel.

King James Bible
And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as judges over Israel.

International Standard Version
When Samuel became old, he appointed his sons judges over Israel.

NET Bible
In his old age Samuel appointed his sons as judges over Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Samuel was old, he made his sons judges over Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass when Samuel was old that he made his sons judges over Israel.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

American King James Version
And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it came to pass when Samuel was old, that he appointed his sons to be judges over Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

World English Bible
It happened, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass, when Samuel is aged, that he maketh his sons judges over Israel.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

8:1-3 It does not appear that Samuel's sons were so profane and vicious as Eli's sons; but they were corrupt judges, they turned aside after lucre. Samuel took no bribes, but his sons did, and then they perverted judgment. What added to the grievance of the people was, that they were threatened by an invasion from Nahash, king of the Ammonites.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - When Samuel was old. As Samuel lived for very many years after this time, till towards the close of Saul's reign, he was probably not more than sixty when this happened. The dates are all very uncertain, but he was probably between twenty and thirty when Shiloh was captured, and no doubt, according to Israelite custom, had married as soon as he arrived at manhood. Then came the most important and active period of his life, during which the ark rested for twenty years in the house of Abinadab, and Samuel was traversing every part of the country, preaching repentance, and preparing the people for a revolt from the tyranny of the Philistines. Upon this followed the victory at Mizpah, and the establishment of Samuel as judge. Now some considerable time would elapse before Samuel so felt the weight of increasing years as to delegate a part of his authority to his sons, and more again before the national discontent at their covetousness became general. The Talmud, however, represents Samuel as being at this time only fifty-two years of age, while Abravanel says seventy, and the latter number is by no means impossible; for as a Nazarite Samuel would lead a life of perfect temperance, and his predecessor Eli lived to be ninety-eight, and died then by an accident. Still, probably, Abravanel's calculation is too high, and we must remember that besides the misconduct of Samuel's sons, there was the growing danger of the re-establishment of the domination of the Philistines to quicken the people's movements. They had garrisons again in Israel when Saul was chosen king, and it was this which made the nation long for a change, but. their choice would probably have fallen upon one of Samuel's sons had either of them been worthy. A king they had long wished for; it is only when they saw that none of Samuel's race would give them internal peace and security that they took public action for the appointment of some one else.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And it came to pass, when Samuel was old,.... The common notion of the Jews is, that he lived but fifty two years (t); when a man is not usually called an old man, unless the infirmities of old age came upon him sooner than they commonly do, through his indefatigable labours from his childhood, and the cares and burdens of government he had long bore; though some think he was about sixty years of age; and Abarbinel is of opinion that he was more than seventy. It is a rule with the Jews (u), that a man is called an old man at sixty, and a grey headed man at seventy:

that he made his sons judges over Israel; under himself, not being able through old age to go the circuits he used; he sent them, and appointed them to hear and try causes in his stead, or settled them in some particular places in the land, and, as it seems by what follows, at Beersheba; though whether that was under his direction, or was their own choice, is not certain.

(t) Seder Olam Rabba, ut supra. (c. 13. p. 35.) (u) Pirke Abot, c. 5. sect. 21.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 8

1Sa 8:1-18. Occasioned by the Ill- Government of Samuel's Sons, the Israelites Ask a King.

1-5. when Samuel was old—He was now about fifty-four years of age, having discharged the office of sole judge for twelve years. Unable, from growing infirmities, to prosecute his circuit journeys through the country, he at length confined his magisterial duties to Ramah and its neighborhood (1Sa 7:15), delegating to his sons as his deputies the administration of justice in the southern districts of Palestine, their provincial court being held at Beer-sheba. The young men, however, did not inherit the high qualities of their father. Having corrupted the fountains of justice for their own private aggrandizement, a deputation of the leading men in the country lodged a complaint against them in headquarters, accompanied with a formal demand for a change in the government. The limited and occasional authority of the judges, the disunion and jealousy of the tribes under the administration of those rulers, had been creating a desire for a united and permanent form of government; while the advanced age of Samuel, together with the risk of his death happening in the then unsettled state of the people, was the occasion of calling forth an expression of this desire now.

1 Samuel 8:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Israel Demands a King
1And it came about when Samuel was old that he appointed his sons judges over Israel. 2Now the name of his firstborn was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judging in Beersheba.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 16:18
Appoint judges and officials for each of your tribes in every town the LORD your God is giving you, and they shall judge the people fairly.

Deuteronomy 16:19
Do not pervert justice or show partiality. Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the innocent.

1 Samuel 12:2
Now you have a king as your leader. As for me, I am old and gray, and my sons are here with you. I have been your leader from my youth until this day.
Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

A.M.

Deuteronomy 16:18,19 Judges and officers shall you make you in all your gates, which the …

Judges 8:22,23 Then the men of Israel said to Gideon, Rule you over us, both you, …

2 Chronicles 19:5,6 And he set judges in the land throughout all the fenced cities of …

Nehemiah 7:2 That I gave my brother Hanani, and Hananiah the ruler of the palace, …

1 Timothy 5:21 I charge you before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels…

sons judges

Judges 5:10 Speak, you that ride on white donkeys, you that sit in judgment, …

Judges 10:4 And he had thirty sons that rode on thirty donkey colts, and they …

Judges 12:14 And he had forty sons and thirty nephews, that rode on three score …

Jump to Previous
Aged Appointed Israel Judges Maketh Samuel
Jump to Next
Aged Appointed Israel Judges Maketh Samuel
Links
1 Samuel 8:1 NIV
1 Samuel 8:1 NLT
1 Samuel 8:1 ESV
1 Samuel 8:1 NASB
1 Samuel 8:1 KJV

1 Samuel 8:1 Bible Apps
1 Samuel 8:1 Bible Suite
1 Samuel 8:1 Biblia Paralela
1 Samuel 8:1 Chinese Bible
1 Samuel 8:1 French Bible
1 Samuel 8:1 German Bible

Alphabetical: about And appointed as came for grew he his Israel it judges old over Samuel sons that was When

OT History: 1 Samuel 8:1 It happened when Samuel was old that (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
1 Samuel 7:17
Top of Page
Top of Page