2 Chronicles 17:19
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
These were the men who served the king, besides those he stationed in the fortified cities throughout Judah.

New Living Translation
These were the troops stationed in Jerusalem to serve the king, besides those Jehoshaphat stationed in the fortified towns throughout Judah.

English Standard Version
These were in the service of the king, besides those whom the king had placed in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

New American Standard Bible
These are they who served the king, apart from those whom the king put in the fortified cities through all Judah.

King James Bible
These waited on the king, beside those whom the king put in the fenced cities throughout all Judah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These were the ones who served the king, besides those he stationed in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

International Standard Version
These men served the king, and there were others whom the king garrisoned inside fortified cities throughout all of Judah.

NET Bible
These were the ones who served the king, besides those whom the king placed in the fortified cities throughout Judah.

New Heart English Bible
These were those who waited on the king, besides those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These were the men who served the king in addition to those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout Judah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
These were they that waited on the king beside those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

New American Standard 1977
These are they who served the king, apart from those whom the king put in the fortified cities through all Judah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
These were servants of the king, besides those whom the king had put in the fenced cities throughout all Judah.

King James 2000 Bible
These served the king, besides those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

American King James Version
These waited on the king, beside those whom the king put in the fenced cities throughout all Judah.

American Standard Version
These were they that waited on the king, besides those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
All these were at the hand of the king, beside others, whom he had put in the walled cities, in all Juda.

Darby Bible Translation
These were they that waited on the king, besides those that the king had put in the fortified cities throughout Judah.

English Revised Version
These were they that waited on the king, beside those whom the king put in the fenced cities throughout all Judah.

Webster's Bible Translation
These waited on the king, besides those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

World English Bible
These were those who waited on the king, besides those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.

Young's Literal Translation
These are those serving the king, apart from those whom the king put in the cities of fortress, in all Judah.
Study Bible
Jehoshaphat Reigns Well in Judah
18and next to him Jehozabad, and with him 180,000 equipped for war. 19These are they who served the king, apart from those whom the king put in the fortified cities through all Judah.
Cross References
2 Chronicles 17:2
He placed troops in all the fortified cities of Judah, and set garrisons in the land of Judah and in the cities of Ephraim which Asa his father had captured.

2 Chronicles 17:18
and next to him Jehozabad, and with him 180,000 equipped for war.
Treasury of Scripture

These waited on the king, beside those whom the king put in the fenced cities throughout all Judah.

put in

2 Chronicles 17:2,12 And he placed forces in all the fenced cities of Judah, and set garrisons …

2 Chronicles 11:12,23 And in every several city he put shields and spears, and made them …

(19) These waited on the king.--Rather, these are they that ministered unto the king, viz., the five generals above named.

Beside those whom the king put in the fenced cities--i.e., the commandants of the fortresses of the kingdom (2Chronicles 11:11; 2Chronicles 11:23). These latter, as well as the generals of the forces, are called the king's "ministers" (m?sh?r?thm)--a word which is not used of service in the field, but implies their presence at court ("in Jerusalem," 2Chronicles 17:13, as the royal staff).

According to the above list, the army of Jehoshaphat was organised in five grand divisions, corresponding perhaps to five territorial divisions of the southern kingdom. The totals are the largest assigned to the two tribes anywhere in the Old Testament; viz., Judah 780,000, and Benjamin 380,000; in all, 1,160,000. At David's census Judah had 500,000 warriors (2Samuel 24:9); and Israel 800,000. Again, in 2Chronicles 14:8, Asa's army consists of 300,000 men of Judah and 280,000 Benjaminites: clearly such an increase as our text indicates is unaccountable. At the same time, it is equally clear that the present numbers are not fortuitous results of clerical errors, for they follow each other in the order of relative strength: Judah, 300,000, 280,000, 200,000; Benjamin, 200,000, 180,000; and they are evidently not independent of the estimates of 2Chronicles 14:8 above quoted.

In the absence of adequate data for modifying these certainly startling figures, it is well to bear in mind that we need not understand by them an army which ever actually mustered in the field or on parade, but simply an estimate of the total male population liable to be called out for the national defence; although, even upon that understanding, the total appears to be at least three times too great, considering the small extent of the country.

Verse 19. - These waited; Hebrew, הַמְשָׁרְתִים, plur. piel part. of שָׁרַת. The verse states that this enormous fivefold army, with its five princes (counting, in our corrupt text, one million one hundred and sixty thousand), was the king's Jerusalem standing army, while other separate regiments or bands of troops were spread through all Judah, where they might be most needed for defence.



These waited on the king,.... Not this vast number of men at one time, but in course, as David's military men waited on him, 1 Chronicles 27:1 or each of these captains, with a proper number of men under them detached from the body; and they were all ready to obey the king's orders whenever he should have occasion for them:

besides those whom the king put into the fenced cities throughout Judah; and all together, the militia of the kingdom was very numerous and formidable. 17:1-19 Jehoshaphat promotes religion in Judah, His prosperity. - Jehoshaphat found his people generally very ignorant, and therefore endeavoured to have them well taught. The public teaching of the word of God forms, in all ages, the great method of promoting the power of godliness. Thereby the understanding is informed, the conscience is awakened and directed. We have a particular account of Jehoshaphat's prosperity. But it was not his formidable army that restrained the neighbouring nations from attempting any thing against Israel, but the fear of God which fell upon them, when Jehoshaphat reformed his country, and set up a preaching ministry in it. The ordinances of God are more the strength and safety of a kingdom, than soldiers and weapons of war. The Bible requires use to notice the hand of God in every event, yet this is little regarded. But let all employ the talents they have: be faithful, even in that which is little. Set up the worship of God in your houses. The charge of a family is important. Why should you not instruct them as Jehoshaphat did his subjects, in the book of the law of the Lord. But be consistent. Do not recommend one thing, and practise another. Begin with yourselves. Seek to the Lord God of Israel, then call upon children and servants to follow your example.
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OT History: 2 Chronicles 17:19 These were those who waited (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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