2372. thumos
Strong's Concordance
thumos: passion
Original Word: θυμός, οῦ, ὁ
Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine
Transliteration: thumos
Phonetic Spelling: (thoo-mos')
Short Definition: an outburst of passion, wrath
Definition: an outburst of passion, wrath.
HELPS Word-studies

2372 thymós (from thyō, "rush along, getting heated up, breathing violently," cf. J. Thayer) – properly, passion-driven behavior, i.e. actions emerging out of strong impulses (intense emotion).

When 2372 /thymós ("expressed passion") is used of people it indicates rage (personal venting of anger, worth). This flaw is completely absent of the Lord expressing (inspiring) intense anger. Accordingly, 2372 (thymós) is used of God's perfect, holy wrath in Revelation (Rev 14:10,19,15:1, etc.). This anger is directed against sin with intense opposition and without sin.

[Only the Lord exercises righteous wrath, so we must depend solely on Him as we experience (express) anger.]

NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from the same as thuella
Definition
passion
NASB Translation
angry tempers (1), fierce (2), indignation (1), outbursts of anger (1), passion (2), rage (2), wrath (9).

Thayer's Greek Lexicon
STRONGS NT 2372: θυμός

θυμός, θυμοῦ, (from θύω to rush along or on, be in a heat, breathe violently; hence, Plato correctly says, Cratyl., p. 419 e., θυμός ἀπό τῆς θυσεως καί ζεσεως τῆς ψυχῆς; accordingly it signifies both the spirit panting as it were in the body, and the rage with which the man pants and swells) (from Homer down), the Sept. often for אַף anger, and חֵמָהexcandescentia; also for חָרוןaestus. In the N. T.:

1. passion, angry heat (excandescentia, Cicero, Tusc. 4, 9, 21), anger forthwith boiling up and soon subsiding again (ὀργή, on the other hand, denotes indignation which has arisen gradually and become more settled; (cf. (Plato) deff. 415 e. θυμός. ὁρμή βίαιος ἄνευ λογισμοῦ. νόσος τάξεως ψυχῆς ἀλογιστου. ὀργή. παράκλησις τοῦ θυμικου εἰς τό τιμωρεῖσθαι, Gregory of Nazianzus, carm. 34 θυμός μέν ἐστιν ἀθρως ζεσις φρενος, ὀργή δέ θυμός ἐμμένων, Hermas, mand. 5, 2, 4 [ET] ἐκ δέ τῆς πικρίας θυμός, ἐκ δέ τοῦ θυμοῦ ὀργή; cf. Aristotle, rhet. 2, 2, 1 and Cope's note); hence, we read in Sir. 48:10 κοπάσαι ὀργήν πρό θυμοῦ, before it glows and bursts forth; (see further, on the distinction between the two words, Trench, § xxxvii., and especially Schmidt vol. iii., chapter 142)): Luke 4:28; Acts 19:28; Ephesians 4:31; Colossians 3:8; Hebrews 11:27; θυμοῦ τοῦ Θεοῦ, Revelation 14:19; Revelation 15:1, 7; Revelation 16:1; ἔχειν θυμόν, to be in a passion, Revelation 12:12 (Aelian v. h. 1, 14); ὀργή καί θυμός (as the Sept. Micah 5:15; Isocrates, p. 249 c.; Herodian, 8, 4, 1; others): Romans 2:8 (Rec. in the inverse order; so Deuteronomy 9:19; Deuteronomy 29:23, 28 (cf. Trench, as above)); plural θυμοί impulses and outbursts of anger (Winers Grammar, 176 (166); Buttmann, 77 (67)): 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:20 (2 Macc. 4:25, 38 2Macc. 9:7 2Macc. 10:35 2Macc. 14:45; 4 Macc. 18:20; Wis. 10:3; Sophocles Aj. 718 (where see Lob.); Plato, Protag., p. 323 e.; (Phileb., p. 40 e.; Aristotle, rhet. 2, 13, 13); Polybius 3, 10, 5; Diodorus 13, 28; Josephus, b. j. 4, 5, 2; Plutarch, Cor. 1; others).

2. glow, ardor: οἶνος τοῦ θυμοῦ (see οἶνος, b.) the wine of passion, inflaming wine, German Glutwein (which either drives the drinker mad or kills him with its deadly heat; cf. Isaiah 51:17, 22; Jeremiah 32:1 (ff): Revelation 14:8; Revelation 18:3; with τοῦ Θεοῦ added, which God gives the drinker, Revelation 14:10; with τῆς ὀργῆς τοῦ Θεοῦ added (A. V. fierceness), Revelation 16:19; Revelation 19:15; cf. Ewald, Johann. Schriften, Bd. ii., p. 269 note.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
fierceness, indignation, wrath.

From thuo; passion (as if breathing hard) -- fierceness, indignation, wrath. Compare psuche.

see GREEK thuo

see GREEK psuche

Forms and Transliterations
θυμοι θυμοί θυμον θυμόν θυμὸν θυμος θυμός θυμὸς θυμου θυμού θυμοῦ θυμόυ θυμώ thumoi thumon thumos thumou thymoi thymoí thymon thymón thymòn thymos thymós thymòs thymou thymoû
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Greek 2372
18 Occurrences


θυμοί — 2 Occ.
θυμόν — 3 Occ.
θυμός — 3 Occ.
θυμοῦ — 10 Occ.

Luke 4:28 N-GMS
GRK: ἐπλήσθησαν πάντες θυμοῦ ἐν τῇ
NAS: were filled with rage as they heard
KJV: these things, were filled with wrath,
INT: were filled all with anger in the

Acts 19:28 N-GMS
GRK: γενόμενοι πλήρεις θυμοῦ ἔκραζον λέγοντες
NAS: [this] and were filled with rage, they [began] crying
KJV: full of wrath, and
INT: having become full of anger they cried out saying

Romans 2:8 N-NMS
GRK: ὀργὴ καὶ θυμός
NAS: wrath and indignation.
KJV: unrighteousness, indignation and
INT: wrath and anger

2 Corinthians 12:20 N-NMP
GRK: ἔρις ζῆλος θυμοί ἐριθείαι καταλαλιαί
NAS: jealousy, angry tempers, disputes,
KJV: envyings, wraths, strifes,
INT: quarrels jealousies anger contentions slander

Galatians 5:20 N-NMP
GRK: ἔρις ζῆλος θυμοί ἐριθείαι διχοστασίαι
NAS: jealousy, outbursts of anger, disputes,
KJV: emulations, wrath, strife,
INT: strife jealousy fits of rage contentions dissentions

Ephesians 4:31 N-NMS
GRK: πικρία καὶ θυμὸς καὶ ὀργὴ
NAS: bitterness and wrath and anger
KJV: bitterness, and wrath, and anger,
INT: bitterness and anger and wrath

Colossians 3:8 N-AMS
GRK: πάντα ὀργήν θυμόν κακίαν βλασφημίαν
NAS: aside: anger, wrath, malice, slander,
KJV: anger, wrath, malice,
INT: all [these] things anger rage malice slander

Hebrews 11:27 N-AMS
GRK: φοβηθεὶς τὸν θυμὸν τοῦ βασιλέως
NAS: not fearing the wrath of the king;
KJV: not fearing the wrath of the king: for
INT: having feared the anger of the king

Revelation 12:12 N-AMS
GRK: ὑμᾶς ἔχων θυμὸν μέγαν εἰδὼς
NAS: great wrath, knowing
KJV: great wrath, because he knoweth
INT: you having fury great knowing

Revelation 14:8 N-GMS
GRK: οἴνου τοῦ θυμοῦ τῆς πορνείας
NAS: of the wine of the passion of her immorality.
KJV: the wine of the wrath of her
INT: wine of the fury of the immorality

Revelation 14:10 N-GMS
GRK: οἴνου τοῦ θυμοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ
NAS: of the wine of the wrath of God,
KJV: of the wine of the wrath of God, which
INT: wine of the fury of God

Revelation 14:19 N-GMS
GRK: ληνὸν τοῦ θυμοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ
NAS: wine press of the wrath of God.
KJV: winepress of the wrath of God.
INT: wine-press of the wrath of God

Revelation 15:1 N-NMS
GRK: ἐτελέσθη ὁ θυμὸς τοῦ θεοῦ
NAS: because in them the wrath of God
KJV: them is filled up the wrath of God.
INT: was completed the wrath of God

Revelation 15:7 N-GMS
GRK: γεμούσας τοῦ θυμοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ
NAS: full of the wrath of God,
KJV: vials full of the wrath of God, who
INT: full of the wrath of God

Revelation 16:1 N-GMS
GRK: φιάλας τοῦ θυμοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ
NAS: the seven bowls of the wrath of God.
KJV: the vials of the wrath of God
INT: bowls of the fury of God

Revelation 16:19 N-GMS
GRK: οἴνου τοῦ θυμοῦ τῆς ὀργῆς
NAS: of the wine of His fierce wrath.
KJV: of the wine of the fierceness of his
INT: wine of the fury the wrath

Revelation 18:3 N-GMS
GRK: οἴνου τοῦ θυμοῦ τῆς πορνείας
NAS: of the wine of the passion of her immorality,
KJV: the wine of the wrath of her
INT: wine of the fury of the sexual immorality

Revelation 19:15 N-GMS
GRK: οἴνου τοῦ θυμοῦ τῆς ὀργῆς
NAS: press of the fierce wrath
KJV: the winepress of the fierceness and
INT: wine of the fury of the wrath

18 Occurrences

2371
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