Job 28:28
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And he said to the human race, "The fear of the Lord--that is wisdom, and to shun evil is understanding."

New Living Translation
And this is what he says to all humanity: The fear of the Lord is true wisdom; to forsake evil is real understanding.'"

English Standard Version
And he said to man, ‘Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom, and to turn away from evil is understanding.’”

New American Standard Bible
"And to man He said, 'Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; And to depart from evil is understanding.'"

King James Bible
And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He said to mankind, "The fear of the Lord is this: wisdom. And to turn from evil is understanding."

International Standard Version
He has commanded mankind: 'To fear the Lord—that is wisdom; to move away from evil—that is understanding.'"

NET Bible
And he said to mankind, 'The fear of the LORD--that is wisdom, and to turn away from evil is understanding.'"

New Heart English Bible
To man he said, 'Look, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom. To depart from evil is understanding.'"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So he told humans, 'The fear of the Lord is wisdom! To stay away from evil is understanding.'"

JPS Tanakh 1917
And unto man He said: 'Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; And to depart from evil is understanding.'

New American Standard 1977
“And to man He said, ‘Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom;
            And to depart from evil is understanding.’”



Jubilee Bible 2000
And unto man he said, Behold, that the fear of the Lord, is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.

King James 2000 Bible
And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.

American King James Version
And to man he said, Behold, the fear of the LORD, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.

American Standard Version
And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; And to depart from evil is understanding.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said to man: Behold the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom: and to depart from evil, is understanding.

Darby Bible Translation
And unto man he said, Lo, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.

English Revised Version
And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.

Webster's Bible Translation
And to man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.

World English Bible
To man he said, 'Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom. To depart from evil is understanding.'"

Young's Literal Translation
And He saith to man: -- 'Lo, fear of the Lord, that is wisdom, And to turn from evil is understanding.'

Study Bible
Wisdom an Excellent Gift of God
27Then He saw it and declared it; He established it and also searched it out. 28"And to man He said, 'Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; And to depart from evil is understanding.'"
Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:6
"So keep and do them, for that is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples who will hear all these statutes and say, 'Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.'

1 Kings 18:3
Ahab called Obadiah who was over the household. (Now Obadiah feared the LORD greatly;

Job 1:1
There was a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job; and that man was blameless, upright, fearing God and turning away from evil.

Job 28:12
"But where can wisdom be found? And where is the place of understanding?

Job 28:20
"Where then does wisdom come from? And where is the place of understanding?

Job 28:27
Then He saw it and declared it; He established it and also searched it out.

Psalm 111:10
The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom; A good understanding have all those who do His commandments; His praise endures forever.

Proverbs 1:7
The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge; Fools despise wisdom and instruction.

Proverbs 3:7
Do not be wise in your own eyes; Fear the LORD and turn away from evil.

Proverbs 9:10
The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom, And the knowledge of the Holy One is understanding.
Treasury of Scripture

And to man he said, Behold, the fear of the LORD, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.

unto man

Deuteronomy 29:29 The secret things belong to the LORD our God: but those things which …

Proverbs 8:4,5,26-32 To you, O men, I call; and my voice is to the sons of man…

fear

Deuteronomy 4:6 Keep therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding …

Psalm 111:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding …

Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise …

Proverbs 9:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge …

Ecclesiastes 12:13 Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep …

James 3:13-17 Who is a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? let him show …

to depart

Psalm 34:14 Depart from evil, and do good; seek peace, and pursue it.

Proverbs 3:7 Be not wise in your own eyes: fear the LORD, and depart from evil.

Proverbs 13:14 The law of the wise is a fountain of life, to depart from the snares of death.

Proverbs 16:17 The highway of the upright is to depart from evil: he that keeps …

Isaiah 1:16 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before …

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure, having this seal, …

1 Peter 3:11 Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it.

(28) And unto man he said.--No one can for a moment suppose that this is an historical statement, or is to be treated as being one; but it is nevertheless profoundly and universally true. It is the wisdom of man as man to fear the Lord and to depart from evil; and this is God's primary revelation to man, which virtually underlies and is involved in all others. When we are told, as we are elsewhere, that the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, this implies that the fear of the Lord does not supersede, though it may be essential to, any other revelation, or any other development of wisdom, or any other manifestation of it. It is to be observed that the word rendered "the Lord" here is not the four-lettered name Jehovah which was used by Job in Job 12:9, but the other name for the Divine Being (Adonai), which was in later times universally substituted for the name Jehovah by the Jews in reading.

Verse 28. - And unto man he said. Not in so many words, not by any written or spoken revelation; but by the nature which he implanted in man, and especially by the conscience wherewith he endowed him. Man feels in his heart of hearts that whatever wisdom may be in the abstract, his true wisdom is "the fear of God," his true understanding "to depart from evil." No amount of intelligence, no amount of cleverness, or of information, or of knowledge, or of worldly or scientific wisdom, will be of any avail to him, unless he starts with this "beginning" (Psalm 111:10; Proverbs 1:7), and builds on this foundation. This foundation, at any rate, Job had. since God bore him witness that he had it (Job 2:3).



And unto man he said,.... What follows; unto Adam, so some render it, as Mr. Broughton; taking what is after delivered to be said to the first man; either by suggesting it to his mind and conscience, and inscribing it on his heart, where the law of God was written, and by which he was directed to fear God and avoid evil; or by the express command he gave him not to eat of the fruit of the tree of knowledge; thereby instructing him to fear him, and abstain from evil; which, had he done, would have been his highest wisdom, and a proof of it, and of his understanding; but it seems best to understand it in general of the sons of men, as the Targum and others: this is the substance of what God says in his works, which are done that men might fear him, and stand in awe of him, Psalm 33:6; and in his word, and by his prophets, and their ministry in all ages; whereby it appears, that this is the whole of men, to fear God and keep his commandments, Ecclesiastes 12:14. Some render the words, "but unto men he said" (p); though he knows his own wisdom, and the way and place of it, the course it steers in Providence, and has seen, observed, and shown it; has prepared, disposed, ordered, and searched it out, and perfectly knows it, and the causes and reasons of it; yet he has not thought fit to make these known clearly to men; who therefore must be content they should be secrets to them, and attend to the wisdom which is revealed, and is of the greatest importance and consequence to them; namely, what follows,

behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; by which is meant, not a fear of his wrath, and of eternal damnation, but an affection for God with reverence of him; such as is peculiar to children, a godly filial fear; and which is consistent with strong faith, great joy, and true courage; is opposite to pride and self-confidence, and takes in the whole worship of God both external and internal: and it is called the fear of the Lord, because he is the object and author of it; it is not from nature, or in men naturally, but comes from the grace of God, and is a gift of it; it is wrought in conversion, and is increased by the discoveries of the love and goodness of and is that wisdom which God makes his people know, in the hidden part; no man is wise till he fears the Lord; and when that grace is put into him, he begins to be wise, for this is the beginning of wisdom, Proverbs 1:7; and is a principal part of it, and very profitable to men, both for this life, and for that to come; and therefore it is their highest wisdom to be concerned for it: the heart of God is towards them that fear him; his eye is upon them; his hand communicates to them; his secret with them; he sets a guard of angels about them; causes the sun of righteousness to arise on them, and he has laid up much for them, for time and eternity:

and to depart from evil is understanding; this is the fruit and effect of the fear of the Lord, through which men have an hatred of sin, and an aversion to it, and are careful not to commit it; through it they depart from evil, and abstain from all appearance of it; see Proverbs 8:13; and it puts them upon a regard to God and his commandments, and to all that is good, and which is an evidence and proof of a good understanding, Psalm 111:10. Now Job suggests by this, that his friends should be solicitous about, and satisfied with, such wisdom and understanding as this, and not pry into the secrets of Providence, and the wisdom of that, which are not to be found out; and so cease to charge him with being an hypocrite, and a wicked man, because of the dealings of God with him, which were not to be accounted for: and by this Job appears to be a good man, and had an experience what he here expresses; that he was one that feared God and eschewed evil, according to the testimony given of him, Job 1:1; and this he gave proof of his former life and conversation; of which an account is given in the following chapter.

(p) , Sept. "dixit autem", Tigurine version, Beza; "dixit vero", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator. 28. Rather, "But unto man," etc. My wisdom is that whereby all things are governed; Thy wisdom is in fearing God and shunning evil, and in feeling assured that My wisdom always acts aright, though thou dost not understand the principle which regulates it; for example, in afflicting the godly (Joh 7:17). The friends, therefore, as not comprehending the Divine Wisdom, should not infer Job's guilt from his sufferings. Here alone in Job the name of God, Adonai, occurs; "Lord" or "master," often applied to Messiah in Old Testament. Appropriately here, in speaking of the Word or Wisdom, by whom the world was made (Pr 8:22-31; Joh 1:3; Ecclesiasticus 24:1-34). 28:20-28 There is a two-fold wisdom; one hid in God, which is secret, and belongs not to us; the other made known by him, and revealed to man. One day's events, and one man's affairs, have such reference to, and so hang one upon another, that He only, to whom all is open, and who sees the whole at one view, can rightly judge of every part. But the knowledge of God's revealed will is within our reach, and will do us good. Let man look upon this as his wisdom, To fear the Lord, and to depart from evil. Let him learn that, and he is learned enough. Where is this wisdom to be found? The treasures of it are hid in Christ, revealed by the word, received by faith, through the Holy Ghost. It will not feed pride or vanity, or amuse our vain curiosity. It teaches and encourages sinners to fear the Lord, and to depart from evil, in the exercise of repentance and faith, without desiring to solve all difficulties about the events of this life.
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