Genesis 12:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Now there was a famine in the land, and Abram went down to Egypt to live there for a while because the famine was severe.

New Living Translation
At that time a severe famine struck the land of Canaan, forcing Abram to go down to Egypt, where he lived as a foreigner.

English Standard Version
Now there was a famine in the land. So Abram went down to Egypt to sojourn there, for the famine was severe in the land.

New American Standard Bible
Now there was a famine in the land; so Abram went down to Egypt to sojourn there, for the famine was severe in the land.

King James Bible
And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
There was a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt to live there for a while because the famine in the land was severe.

International Standard Version
There was a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt to live because the famine was so severe.

NET Bible
There was a famine in the land, so Abram went down to Egypt to stay for a while because the famine was severe.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
There was a famine in the land. Abram went to Egypt to stay awhile because the famine was severe.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And there was a famine in the land, and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there, for the famine was grievous in the land.

King James 2000 Bible
And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was severe in the land.

American King James Version
And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land.

American Standard Version
And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was sore in the land.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And there came a famine in the country; and Abram went down into Egypt, to sojourn there: for the famine was very grievous in the land.

Darby Bible Translation
And there was a famine in the land. And Abram went down to Egypt to sojourn there, for the famine was grievous in the land.

English Revised Version
And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was sore in the land.

Webster's Bible Translation
And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to dwell there; for the famine was grievous in the land.

World English Bible
There was a famine in the land. Abram went down into Egypt to live as a foreigner there, for the famine was severe in the land.

Young's Literal Translation
And there is a famine in the land, and Abram goeth down towards Egypt to sojourn there, for the famine is grievous in the land;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

12:10-20 There is no state on earth free from trials, nor any character free from blemishes. There was famine in Canaan, the glory of all lands, and unbelief, with the evils it ever brings, in Abram the father of the faithful. Perfect happiness and perfect purity dwell only in heaven. Abram, when he must for a time quit Canaan, goes to Egypt, that he might not seem to look back, and meaning to tarry there no longer than needful. There Abram dissembled his relation to Sarai, equivocated, and taught his wife and his attendants to do so too. He concealed a truth, so as in effect to deny it, and exposed thereby both his wife and the Egyptians to sin. The grace Abram was most noted for, was faith; yet he thus fell through unbelief and distrust of the Divine providence, even after God had appeared to him twice. Alas, what will become of weak faith, when strong faith is thus shaken! If God did not deliver us, many a time, out of straits and distresses which we bring ourselves into, by our own sin and folly, we should be ruined. He deals not with us according to our deserts. Those are happy chastisements that hinder us in a sinful way, and bring us to our duty, particularly to the duty of restoring what we have wrongfully taken or kept. Pharaoh's reproof of Abram was very just: What is this that thou hast done? How unbecoming a wise and good man! If those who profess religion, do that which is unfair and deceptive, especially if they say that which borders upon a lie, they must expect to hear of it; and they have reason to thank those who will tell them of it. The sending away was kind. Pharaoh was so far from any design to kill Abram, as he feared, that he took particular care of him. We often perplex ourselves with fears which are altogether groundless. Many a time we fear where no fear is. Pharaoh charged his men not to hurt Abram in any thing. It is not enough for those in authority, that they do not hurt themselves; they must keep their servants and those about them from doing hurt.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 10. - And there was a famine. רָעָב, from a root signifying to hunger, the primary. idea appearing to lie in that of an ample, i.e. empty, stomach (Gesenius, Furst). The term is used of individuals, men or animal (Psalm 34:11; Psalm 50:12); or of regions (Psalm 41:55). In the land. Of Canaan, which, though naturally fertile, was, on account of its imperfect cultivation, subject to visitations of dearth (cf. Genesis 26:1; Genesis 41:56), especially in dry seasons, when the November and December rains, on which Palestine depended, either failed or were scanty. The occurrence of this famine just at the time of Abram's entering the land was an additional trial to his faith. And Abram went down to Egypt. Mizraim (vide Genesis 10:6) was lower than Palestine, and celebrated then, as later, as a rich and fruitful country, though sometimes even Egypt suffered from a scarcity of corn, owing to a failure in the annual inundation of the Nile. Eichhorn notes it as an authentication of this portion of the Abrahamic history that the patriarch proposed to take himself and his household to Egypt, since at that time no corn trade existed between the two countries such as prevailed in the days of Jacob (vide Havernick's Introduction, § 18). The writer to the Hebrews remarks it as an instance of the patriarch's faith that he did not return to either Haran or Ur (Hebrews 11:15, 16). To sojourn there. To tarry as a stranger, but not to dwell. Whether this journey was undertaken with the Divine sanction and ought to be regarded as an act of faith, or in obedience to his own fears and should be reckoned as a sign of unbelief, does not appear. Whichever way the patriarch elected to act in his perplexity, to leave Canaan or reside in it, there was clearly a strain intended to be put upon his faith. For the famine was grievous (literally, heavy) in the land.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And there was a famine in the land,.... The land of Canaan, which was a very fruitful country, abounding with all kind of provisions usually; but now there was a scarcity of all; and which was both for the sins of the inhabitants of the land, and for the trial of Abram's faith, who was brought out of his own country, where was bread enough and to spare, into one in which there was a famine; and this might be a temptation to Abram to return from whence he came, and to slight and despise the country that was given him:

and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; not to dwell there, only till the famine was over; and rightly is he said to go down to Egypt, since that lay lower than the land of Canaan; and his going thither only to sojourn, and with an intention to return again to Canaan, shows the strength of his faith in the promise; and so far was he from going back to his own country, from whence he came, that he went directly the contrary, for Chaldee lay north east of Canaan, and Egypt south west: this country is in the Hebrew text called Mizraim, from the second son of Ham, see Genesis 10:6 it had its name Egypt not from Aegyptus, one of its kings, as some (l) say, but from the blackish colour of its soil, and also of its river Nile, and of its inhabitants; which colour is by the Greeks called "aegyptios", from "aegyps", a vulture, a bird of that colour: it is bounded on the south by the kingdom of Sennar, tributary to the king of Ethiopia, and the cataracts of the Nile; on the north by the Mediterranean sea; on the east by the Arabian Gulf, or Red sea, and the isthmus of Suez; and on the west by a region of Lybia, called Marmorica (m).

For the famine was grievous in the land; in the land of Canaan, and perhaps nowhere else; God ordering it so in his wise providence, that there should be plenty of food in one land, when there is a scarcity in another, that countries may be helpful to one another: of this famine, and of Abram's going down to Egypt on account of it, mention is made by Heathen writers; Nicolaus of Damascus says (n), that Abram came out of Chaldee into Canaan, now called Judea, and a grievous famine being there, and understanding there was plenty in Egypt, he readily went thither, partly to partake of their plenty, and partly to hear what the priests would say of the gods; and Alexander Polyhistor relates, from Eupolemus (o), that Abram removed from the place of his nativity, Camarine, called by some Urie, and settled in Phoenicia, where being a famine, he went with all his family into Egypt, and dwelt there.

(l) Apollodorus, l. 2. in initio. (m) Vid. Universal History, vol. 1. p. 391. (n) Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 16. p. 417. (o) Apud ib. c. 17. p. 418, 419.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

10. there was a famine … and Abram went down into Egypt—He did not go back to the place of his nativity, as regretting his pilgrimage and despising the promised land (Heb 11:15), but withdrew for a while into a neighboring country.

Genesis 12:10 Additional Commentaries
Context
Abram and Sarai in Egypt
10Now there was a famine in the land; so Abram went down to Egypt to sojourn there, for the famine was severe in the land. 11It came about when he came near to Egypt, that he said to Sarai his wife, "See now, I know that you are a beautiful woman;…
Cross References
Genesis 26:1
Now there was a famine in the land--besides the previous famine in Abraham's time--and Isaac went to Abimelek king of the Philistines in Gerar.

Genesis 41:57
And all the world came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph, because the famine was severe everywhere.

Genesis 42:5
So Israel's sons were among those who went to buy grain, for there was famine in the land of Canaan also.

Genesis 43:1
Now the famine was still severe in the land.

Ruth 1:1
In the days when the judges ruled, there was a famine in the land. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah, together with his wife and two sons, went to live for a while in the country of Moab.

2 Samuel 21:1
During the reign of David, there was a famine for three successive years; so David sought the face of the LORD. The LORD said, "It is on account of Saul and his blood-stained house; it is because he put the Gibeonites to death."
Treasury of Scripture

And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land.

A.M.

Genesis 26:1 And there was a famine in the land, beside the first famine that …

Genesis 42:5 And the sons of Israel came to buy corn among those that came: for …

Genesis 43:1 And the famine was sore in the land.

Genesis 47:13 And there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very sore…

Ruth 1:1 Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there …

2 Samuel 21:1 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after …

1 Kings 17:1-18:46 And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said …

2 Kings 4:38 And Elisha came again to Gilgal: and there was a dearth in the land; …

2 Kings 6:25 And there was a great famine in Samaria: and, behold, they besieged …

2 Kings 7:1-8:1 Then Elisha said, Hear you the word of the LORD; Thus said the LORD…

Psalm 34:19 Many are the afflictions of the righteous: but the LORD delivers …

Psalm 107:34 A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.

Jeremiah 14:1 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah concerning the dearth.

John 16:33 These things I have spoken to you, that in me you might have peace. …

Acts 7:11 Now there came a dearth over all the land of Egypt and Chanaan, and …

Acts 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, and exhorting them to continue …

went.

Genesis 26:2,3 And the LORD appeared to him, and said, Go not down into Egypt; dwell …

Genesis 43:1 And the famine was sore in the land.

Genesis 46:3,4 And he said, I am God, the God of your father: fear not to go down …

2 Kings 8:1,2 Then spoke Elisha to the woman, whose son he had restored to life, …

Psalm 105:13 When they went from one nation to another, from one kingdom to another people;

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