Genesis 12:14
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
When Abram came to Egypt, the Egyptians saw that Sarai was a very beautiful woman.

New Living Translation
And sure enough, when Abram arrived in Egypt, everyone noticed Sarai's beauty.

English Standard Version
When Abram entered Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful.

New American Standard Bible
It came about when Abram came into Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful.

King James Bible
And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When Abram entered Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful.

International Standard Version
As Abram was entering Egypt, the Egyptians noticed how beautiful Sarai was.

NET Bible
When Abram entered Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful.

New Heart English Bible
It happened that when Abram had come into Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Abram arrived in Egypt, the Egyptians saw how very beautiful his wife was.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

New American Standard 1977
And it came about when Abram came into Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass that when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass, that, when Abram came into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

American King James Version
And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians saw the woman that she was very beautiful.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass when Abram came into Egypt, that the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass, that when Abram had come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

World English Bible
It happened that when Abram had come into Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass, at the entering of Abram into Egypt, that the Egyptians see the woman that she is exceeding fair;
Study Bible
Abram and Sarai in Egypt
13"Please say that you are my sister so that it may go well with me because of you, and that I may live on account of you." 14It came about when Abram came into Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful. 15Pharaoh's officials saw her and praised her to Pharaoh; and the woman was taken into Pharaoh's house.…
Cross References
Genesis 12:13
"Please say that you are my sister so that it may go well with me because of you, and that I may live on account of you."

Genesis 12:15
Pharaoh's officials saw her and praised her to Pharaoh; and the woman was taken into Pharaoh's house.

Genesis 29:17
And Leah's eyes were weak, but Rachel was beautiful of form and face.
Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

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Matthew 5:28 But I say to you, That whoever looks on a woman to lust after her …

(14, 15) Pharaoh is not the name of a person, but was the title borne by all the Egyptian monarchs.

Verses 14, 15. - And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair. The princes also - literally, and the pronces (שָׂרֵי, mas. of Sarah), chief men or courtiers, who, in accordance with the ancient custom of Egypt that no slave should approach the priestly person of Pharaoh, were sons of the principal priests (vide Havernick, § 18) - of Pharaoh. The official title of the kings of Egypt (cf. Caesar, the designation of the Roman emperors, and Czar, that of the Emperor of Russia), who are never introduced in the Pentateuch, as in later books, by their individual names (1 Kings 3:1; 9:40); an indirect evidence that the author of Genesis must at least have been acquainted with the manners of the Egyptian Court. The term Pharaoh, which continued in use till after the Persian invasion - under the Greek empire the Egyptian rulers were styled Ptolemies - is declared by Josephus to signify "king" ('Ant.,' 8:06, 2), which agrees with the Koptic Pouro (Piouro; from ouro, to rule, whence touro, queen), which also means king. Modern Egyptologers, however, in. cline to regard it as corresponding to the Phra of the inscriptions (Rosellini, Lepeius, Wilkinson), or to the hieroglyphic Peraa, or Perao, "the great house (M. de Rouge, Brugsch, Ebers), an appellation which belonged to the Egyptian monarchs, and with which may be compared "the Sublime Porte," as applied to the Turkish sultans (cf. Canon Cook in 'Speaker's Commentary,' vol. 1. p. 47?). The particular monarch who occupied the Egyptian throne at the time of Abram's arrival has been conjectured to be Necao (Josephus, 'Bell. Jud.,' 5. 9:4), Ramessemenes (Syncellus, p. 101), Pharethones (Euseb., 'Praep. Ev.,' 9:8), Apappus (Wilkinson, 'Anc. Egypt.,' vol. 1. p. 13, note 5, Dr. Bitch's edition), Achthoes, the sixth king of the eleventh dynasty (Osburn, 'Men. Hist. of Egypt,' vol. 1. Genesis 7. p. 375), Salatis or Saitas, the first king of the fifteenth dynasty, whose reign commenced B.C. 2080 (Stuart Peele in 'Smith's Dict.,' art. Pharaoh), a monarch belonging to the sixteenth dynasty of shepherd kings (Kalisch), and a Pharaoh who flourished between the middle of the eleventh and thirteenth dynasties, most probably one of the earliest Pharaohs of the twelfth (Canon Cook in 'Speaker's Commentary,' vol. 1. p. 447). Amid such conflicting testimony from erudite archaeologists it is apparent that nothing can be ascertained with exactitude as to the date of Abram's sojourn in Egypt; though the last-named writer, who exhibits the latest results of scholarship on the question, mentions in support of his conclusion a variety of considerations that may be profitably studied. Saw her. So that she must have been unveiled, which agrees with monumental evidence that in the reign of the Pharaohs the Egyptian ladies exposed their faces, though the custom was discontinued after the Pemian conquest (vide Hengstenberg's 'Egypt and the Books of Moses,' p. 199). And commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken. Capta (Targum of Jonathan), rapta (Arab.), abducta (Pagnini), capta et deducta (Rosenmüller); all implying more or less the idea of violence, which, however, besides being not warranted by the text, was scarcely likely in the circumstances, the king being perfectly honorable in his proposals, and Abram and Sarai by their deception having rendered it impossible to object without divulging their secret. Into Pharaoh's house. Or harem, with a view to marriage as a secondary wife. Cf. the Papyrus D'Orbiney, now in the British Museum, but belonging to the age of Rameses II., in which the Pharaoh of the time, acting on the advice of his counselors, sends two armies to fetch a beautiful woman by force, and then to murder her husband. A translation by M. Renouf will be found in The Tale of the Two Brothers, in 'Records of the Past,' vol. 2. p. 138. And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt,.... To the city of Heliopolis; for there it was that Abram had his abode, as Eupolemus (r) says, when upon the famine he went into Egypt, and where he conversed with the Egyptian priests, and taught them astrology, and other things belonging to it; and of this descent of Abram into Egypt, and teaching astrology, Artapanus (s), another Heathen writer, speaks; Abram, he says, having learned the science of astrology, went first into Phoenicia and taught it the Phoenicians, and afterwards went into Egypt, and taught it there.

The Egyptians beheld the woman, that she was very fair; Abram knew that Sarai was a fair woman; but in the eyes of the Egyptians she was very fair, exceeding fair, they not being used to see very beautiful women.

(r) Apud Euseb. ut supra. (Praepar. Evangel. c. 17. p. 418, 419.) (s) Apud ib. c. 18. p. 420. 14. when Abram was come into Egypt—It appears from the monuments of that country that at the time of Abram's visit a monarchy had existed for several centuries. The seat of government was in the Delta, the most northern part of the country, the very quarter in which Abram must have arrived. They were a race of shepherd-kings, in close alliance with the people of Canaan.12:10-20 There is no state on earth free from trials, nor any character free from blemishes. There was famine in Canaan, the glory of all lands, and unbelief, with the evils it ever brings, in Abram the father of the faithful. Perfect happiness and perfect purity dwell only in heaven. Abram, when he must for a time quit Canaan, goes to Egypt, that he might not seem to look back, and meaning to tarry there no longer than needful. There Abram dissembled his relation to Sarai, equivocated, and taught his wife and his attendants to do so too. He concealed a truth, so as in effect to deny it, and exposed thereby both his wife and the Egyptians to sin. The grace Abram was most noted for, was faith; yet he thus fell through unbelief and distrust of the Divine providence, even after God had appeared to him twice. Alas, what will become of weak faith, when strong faith is thus shaken! If God did not deliver us, many a time, out of straits and distresses which we bring ourselves into, by our own sin and folly, we should be ruined. He deals not with us according to our deserts. Those are happy chastisements that hinder us in a sinful way, and bring us to our duty, particularly to the duty of restoring what we have wrongfully taken or kept. Pharaoh's reproof of Abram was very just: What is this that thou hast done? How unbecoming a wise and good man! If those who profess religion, do that which is unfair and deceptive, especially if they say that which borders upon a lie, they must expect to hear of it; and they have reason to thank those who will tell them of it. The sending away was kind. Pharaoh was so far from any design to kill Abram, as he feared, that he took particular care of him. We often perplex ourselves with fears which are altogether groundless. Many a time we fear where no fear is. Pharaoh charged his men not to hurt Abram in any thing. It is not enough for those in authority, that they do not hurt themselves; they must keep their servants and those about them from doing hurt.
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