Genesis 41:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile,

New Living Translation
Two full years later, Pharaoh dreamed that he was standing on the bank of the Nile River.

English Standard Version
After two whole years, Pharaoh dreamed that he was standing by the Nile,

New American Standard Bible
Now it happened at the end of two full years that Pharaoh had a dream, and behold, he was standing by the Nile.

King James Bible
And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Two years later Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing beside the Nile,

International Standard Version
Two years later—to the day—Pharaoh dreamed that he was standing by the Nile River,

NET Bible
At the end of two full years Pharaoh had a dream. As he was standing by the Nile,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
After two full years Pharaoh had a dream. He dreamed he was standing by the Nile River.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river.

King James 2000 Bible
And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river.

American King James Version
And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river.

Douay-Rheims Bible
After two years Pharao had a dream. He thought he stood by the river,

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed, and behold, he stood by the river.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and behold, he stood by the river.

World English Bible
It happened at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and behold, he stood by the river.

Young's Literal Translation
And it cometh to pass, at the end of two years of days that Pharaoh is dreaming, and lo, he is standing by the River,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

41:1-8 The means of Joseph's being freed from prison were Pharaoh's dreams, as here related. Now that God no longer speaks to us in that way, it is no matter how little we either heed dreams, or tell them. The telling of foolish dreams can make no better than foolish talk. But these dreams showed that they were sent of God; when he awoke, Pharaoh's spirit was troubled.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - And it came to pass at the end of two full years (literally, two years of days, i.e. two complete years from the commencement of Joseph's incarceration, or more probably after the butler's liberation), that Pharaoh - on the import of the term vide Genesis 12:15. Under what particular monarch Joseph came to Egypt is a question of much perplexity, and has been variously resolved by modern Egyptologists in favor of -

1. Osirtasen I., the founder of the twelfth dynasty, a prosperous and successful sore-reign, whose name appears on a granite obelisk at Heliopolis (Wilkinson, 'Ancient Egyptians,' 1:30, ed. 1878).

2. Assa, or Assis, the fifth king of the fifteenth dynasty of Shepherd kings (Stuart Peele in Smith's 'Bible Dict.,' art. Egypt).

3. Apophis, a Shepherd king of the fifteenth dynasty, whom all the Greek authorities agree in mentioning as the patron of Joseph (Osburn, 'Menu-mental History,' vol. 2. Genesis 2; Thornley Smith, 'Joseph and his Times,' p. 42).

4. Thothmes III., a monarch of the eighteenth dynasty (Stanley Leathes in Kitto s 'Cyclopedia,' p. 744).

5. Rameses III., the king of Memphis, a ruler belonging to the twentieth dynasty (Bonomi in 'The Imperial Bible Dict.,' p. 488; Sharpe's ' History of Egypt,' vol. 1. p. 35). It may assist the student to arrive at a decision with respect to these contending aspirants for the throne of Pharaoh in the time of Joseph to know that Canon Cook ('Speaker's Commentary,' vol. 1. p. 451), after an elaborate and careful as well as scholarly review of the entire question, regards it as at least "a very probable conjecture" that the Pharaoh of Joseph was Amenemha III., "who is represented on the lately-discovered table of Abydos as the last great king of all Egypt in the ancient empire (the last of the twelfth dynasty), and as such receiving divine honors from his descendant Rameses" - dreamed. "For the third time are dreams employed as the agencies of Joseph's history: they first foreshadow his illustrious future; they then manifest that the Spirit of God had not abandoned him even in the abject condition of a slave and a prisoner; and lastly they are made the immediate forerunners of his greatness" (Kalisch.). And, behold, he stood by the river - i.e. upon the banks of the Nile, the term יֵלֺאר (an Egyptian word signifying great river or canal, in the Memphitic dialect yaro, in the Sahidic yero) being used almost exclusively in Scripture for the Nile (Exodus 1:22; Exodus 2:3; Exodus 7:15; Gesenius, 'Lex., p. 326). This was the common name for the Nile among the Egyptians, the sacred being Hapi (Canon Cook in 'Speaker's Commentary,' p. 485).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And it came to pass at the end of two full years,.... It is not a clear case, as Aben Ezra observes, from whence these years are to be reckoned, whether from the time of Joseph's being put into prison, or from the time that the chief butler was taken out of it; the latter seems more probable, and better connects this and the preceding chapter:

that Pharaoh dreamed, and, behold, he stood by the river; it seemed to him, in his dream, as if he stood near the river Nile, or some canal or flow of water cut out of that river.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 41

Ge 41:1-24. Pharaoh's Dream.

1. at the end of two full years—It is not certain whether these years are reckoned from the beginning of Joseph's imprisonment, or from the events described in the preceding chapter—most likely the latter. What a long time for Joseph to experience the sickness of hope deferred! But the time of his enlargement came when he had sufficiently learned the lessons of God designed for him; and the plans of Providence were matured.

Pharaoh dreamed—"Pharaoh," from an Egyptian word Phre, signifying the "sun," was the official title of the kings of that country. The prince, who occupied the throne of Egypt, was Aphophis, one of the Memphite kings, whose capital was On or Heliopolis, and who is universally acknowledged to have been a patriot king. Between the arrival of Abraham and the appearance of Joseph in that country, somewhat more than two centuries had elapsed. Kings sleep and dream, as well as their subjects. And this Pharaoh had two dreams in one night so singular and so similar, so distinct and so apparently significant, so coherent and vividly impressed on his memory, that his spirit was troubled.

Genesis 41:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Dreams of Pharaoh
1Now it happened at the end of two full years that Pharaoh had a dream, and behold, he was standing by the Nile. 2And lo, from the Nile there came up seven cows, sleek and fat; and they grazed in the marsh grass.…
Cross References
Genesis 28:12
He had a dream in which he saw a stairway resting on the earth, with its top reaching to heaven, and the angels of God were ascending and descending on it.

Genesis 40:23
The chief cupbearer, however, did not remember Joseph; he forgot him.

Genesis 41:2
when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds.

Exodus 1:22
Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: "Every Hebrew boy that is born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live."

Daniel 2:1
In the second year of his reign, Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; his mind was troubled and he could not sleep.
Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river.

A.M.

Genesis 29:14 And Laban said to him, Surely you are my bone and my flesh. And he …

that Pharaoh.

Genesis 20:3 But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, …

Genesis 37:5-10 And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brothers: and they …

Genesis 40:5 And they dreamed a dream both of them, each man his dream in one …

Judges 7:13,14 And when Gideon was come, behold, there was a man that told a dream …

Esther 6:1 On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring …

Job 33:15,16 In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falls on men, …

Daniel 2:1-3 And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar Nebuchadnezzar …

Daniel 4:5-18 I saw a dream which made me afraid, and the thoughts on my bed and …

Daniel 7:1-8:27 In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel had a dream …

Matthew 27:19 When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, …

the river.

Genesis 31:21 So he fled with all that he had; and he rose up, and passed over …

Exodus 1:22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born …

Exodus 4:9 And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe also these two …

Deuteronomy 11:10 For the land, where you go in to possess it, is not as the land of …

Isaiah 19:5 And the waters shall fail from the sea, and the river shall be wasted …

Ezekiel 29:3,9 Speak, and say, Thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against you, …

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