Genesis 20:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Now Abraham moved on from there into the region of the Negev and lived between Kadesh and Shur. For a while he stayed in Gerar,

New Living Translation
Abraham moved south to the Negev and lived for a while between Kadesh and Shur, and then he moved on to Gerar. While living there as a foreigner,

English Standard Version
From there Abraham journeyed toward the territory of the Negeb and lived between Kadesh and Shur; and he sojourned in Gerar.

New American Standard Bible
Now Abraham journeyed from there toward the land of the Negev, and settled between Kadesh and Shur; then he sojourned in Gerar.

King James Bible
And Abraham journeyed from thence toward the south country, and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
From there Abraham traveled to the region of the Negev and settled between Kadesh and Shur. While he lived in Gerar,

International Standard Version
Abraham traveled from there to the Negev and settled between Kadesh and Shur. While he was living in Gerar as an outsider,

NET Bible
Abraham journeyed from there to the Negev region and settled between Kadesh and Shur. While he lived as a temporary resident in Gerar,

New Heart English Bible
Abraham traveled from there toward the land of the Negev, and lived between Kadesh and Shur. He lived as a foreigner in Gerar.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Abraham moved to the Negev and settled between Kadesh and Shur. While he was living in Gerar,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Abraham journeyed from thence toward the land of the South, and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur; and he sojourned in Gerar.

New American Standard 1977
Now Abraham journeyed from there toward the land of the Negev, and settled between Kadesh and Shur; then he sojourned in Gerar.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Abraham journeyed from there toward the land of the Negev and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur and sojourned in Gerar.

King James 2000 Bible
And Abraham journeyed from there toward the Negeb, and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar.

American King James Version
And Abraham journeyed from there toward the south country, and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar.

American Standard Version
And Abraham journeyed from thence toward the land of the South, and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur. And he sojourned in Gerar.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Abraham removed from thence to the south country, and dwelt between Cedes and Sur, and sojourned in Gerara.

Darby Bible Translation
And Abraham departed thence towards the south country, and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned at Gerar.

English Revised Version
And Abraham journeyed from thence toward the land of the South, and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur; and he sojourned in Gerar.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Abraham journeyed from thence towards the south country, and dwelt between Kadash and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar.

World English Bible
Abraham traveled from there toward the land of the South, and lived between Kadesh and Shur. He lived as a foreigner in Gerar.

Young's Literal Translation
And Abraham journeyeth from thence toward the land of the south, and dwelleth between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourneth in Gerar;
Study Bible
Abraham, Sarah and Abimelech
1Now Abraham journeyed from there toward the land of the Negev, and settled between Kadesh and Shur; then he sojourned in Gerar. 2Abraham said of Sarah his wife, "She is my sister." So Abimelech king of Gerar sent and took Sarah.…
Cross References
Genesis 12:9
Abram journeyed on, continuing toward the Negev.

Genesis 16:7
Now the angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.

Genesis 18:1
Now the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, while he was sitting at the tent door in the heat of the day.

Genesis 24:62
Now Isaac had come from going to Beer-lahai-roi; for he was living in the Negev.

Genesis 25:18
They settled from Havilah to Shur which is east of Egypt as one goes toward Assyria; he settled in defiance of all his relatives.

Genesis 26:1
Now there was a famine in the land, besides the previous famine that had occurred in the days of Abraham. So Isaac went to Gerar, to Abimelech king of the Philistines.

Genesis 26:6
So Isaac lived in Gerar.

Exodus 15:22
Then Moses led Israel from the Red Sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness and found no water.
Treasury of Scripture

And Abraham journeyed from there toward the south country, and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar.

A.M. cir.

Genesis 13:1 And Abram went up out of Egypt, he, and his wife, and all that he …

Genesis 18:1 And the LORD appeared to him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in …

Genesis 24:62 And Isaac came from the way of the well Lahairoi; for he dwelled …

Kadesh.

Genesis 14:7 And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote …

Genesis 16:1,7,14 Now Sarai Abram's wife bore him no children: and she had an handmaid, …

Numbers 13:26 And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation …

Numbers 20:16 And when we cried to the LORD, he heard our voice, and sent an angel, …

Deuteronomy 1:19 And when we departed from Horeb, we went through all that great and …

Deuteronomy 32:51 Because you trespassed against me among the children of Israel at …

1 Samuel 15:7 And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until you come to Shur, …

Psalm 29:8 The voice of the LORD shakes the wilderness; the LORD shakes the …

Gerar. Gerar was a city of Arabia Petraea, under a king of the Philistines,

Genesis 10:19 And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as you come to Gerar, …

Genesis 26:26 Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, …

Genesis 10:19 And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as you come to Gerar, …

Genesis 26:1,6,20,26 And there was a famine in the land, beside the first famine that …

2 Chronicles 14:13,14 And Asa and the people that were with him pursued them to Gerar: …

XX.

ABRAHAM'S DENIAL OF HIS WIFE AT GERAR.

(1) Abraham journeyed from thence.--That is, from Mamre, where he had so long halted, and which seems to have continued to be one of his homes. As he had been commanded to traverse the whole land (Genesis 13:17-18), we need seek no reasons for his removal. It was the rule of his life to move from place to place, both on account of his cattle, and also because by so doing he was taking possession of the country. There were, nevertheless, certain places which were his head-quarters, such as Bethel, Mamre, and Beer-sheba.

The south country.--It is a proper name, the Negeb; see Note on Genesis 12:9. For Kadesh, see Genesis 16:14; for Shur, Genesis 16:7; and for Gerar, Genesis 10:19.

Verse 1. - And Abraham journeyed (vide Genesis 12:9) from thence. Mamre (Genesis 18:1). In search of pasture, as on a previous occasion (Keil); or in consequence of the hostility of his neighbors (Calvin); or because he longed to escape from the scene of so terrible a calamity as he had witnessed (Calvin, Wilier, Murphy); or in order to benefit as many places and peoples as possible by his residence among them (A Lapide); or perhaps being impelled by God, who designed thereby to remind him that Canaan was not intended for a permanent habitation, but for a constant pilgrimage (Poole, Kalisch). Toward the south country. Ne-gob, the southern district of Palestine (Genesis 12:9; Genesis 13:1); the central region of Judaea being called Hahor, or the Highlands; the eastern, towards the Dead Sea, Midhbar; and the western Shephelah (Lange). And dwelled between Kadesh and Shur (vide Genesis 16:14 and Genesis 16:7), and sojourned in Gerar (vide Genesis 10:19). And Abraham journeyed from thence towards the south country,.... He returned from the plains or oaks of Mamre, where he had lived fifteen or twenty years, into the more southern parts of the land of Canaan: the reason of this remove is not certain; some think, because he could not bear the stench of the sulphurous lake, the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah were become; and others, because of the scandal of Lot's incest with his daughters, which prejudiced the idolatrous people in those parts more against the true religion; neither of which are likely, by reason of the distance; but the better reason seems to be, that it was so ordered in Providence that he should remove from place to place, that it might appear that he was but a sojourner in the land:

and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur; two wildernesses, as Jerom says (y), one of which joined to Egypt, to which the people of Israel went when they passed over the Red sea, and the other, Kadesh, reached to the desert of the Saracens. Onkelos and Jonathan paraphrase the words between Rekam and Chagra, or Hagra, the same place where the angel of the Lord met with Hagar at the well; see Gill on Genesis 16:7 and See Gill on Genesis 16:14,

and sojourned in Gerar; or Gerara, as Jerom (z) calls it,"from whence he says the Geraritic country in his time beyond Daroma, or the south, had its name, and was twenty five miles distance from Eleutheropolis to the south, and was formerly the southern border of the Canaanites, and the metropolis of Palestine.''According to the Samaritan version, Gerar is the same with Ashkelon, which was afterwards, when aristocracy took place in this country, one of the five lordships of the Philistines; and so says Africanus (a); and that Gerar was in the country of the Philistines, and Abimelech was king of them, is clear from Genesis 21:32. This place was about six miles from Mamre (b), from whence Abraham removed.

(y) De loc. Heb. fol, 91. I.((z) De loc. Heb. fol. 91. I.((a) Apud Syncell. Chronic. p. 100. (b) Bunting's Travels, p. 57. CHAPTER 20

Ge 20:1-18. Abraham's Denial of His Wife.

1. Abraham journeyed from thence … and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur—Leaving the encampment, he migrated to the southern border of Canaan. In the neighborhood of Gerar was a very rich and well-watered pasture land.20:1-8 Crooked policy will not prosper: it brings ourselves and others into danger. God gives Abimelech notice of his danger of sin, and his danger of death for his sin. Every wilful sinner is a dead man, but Abimelech pleads ignorance. If our consciences witness, that, however we may have been cheated into a snare, we have not knowingly sinned against God, it will be our rejoicing in the day of evil. It is matter of comfort to those who are honest, that God knows their honesty, and will acknowledge it. It is a great mercy to be hindered from committing sin; of this God must have the glory. But if we have ignorantly done wrong, that will not excuse us, if we knowingly persist in it. He that does wrong, whoever he is, prince or peasant, shall certainly receive for the wrong which he has done, unless he repent, and, if possible, make restitution.
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