Genesis 18:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The LORD appeared to Abraham near the great trees of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance to his tent in the heat of the day.

New Living Translation
The LORD appeared again to Abraham near the oak grove belonging to Mamre. One day Abraham was sitting at the entrance to his tent during the hottest part of the day.

English Standard Version
And the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day.

New American Standard Bible
Now the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, while he was sitting at the tent door in the heat of the day.

King James Bible
And the LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the LORD appeared to Abraham at the oaks of Mamre while he was sitting in the entrance of his tent during the heat of the day.

International Standard Version
Later, the LORD appeared to Abraham by the oaks belonging to Mamre. As Abraham was sitting near the entrance to his tent during the hottest part of the day,

NET Bible
The LORD appeared to Abraham by the oaks of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance to his tent during the hottest time of the day.

New Heart English Bible
The LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD appeared to Abraham by the oak trees belonging to Mamre as he was sitting at the entrance of his tent during the hottest part of the day.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD appeared unto him by the terebinths of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

New American Standard 1977
Now the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, while he was sitting at the tent door in the heat of the day.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD appeared unto him among the terebinth trees of Mamre; and he was sitting in the door of his tent in the heat of the day;

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD appeared unto him by the oaks of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

American King James Version
And the LORD appeared to him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

American Standard Version
And Jehovah appeared unto him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord appeared to him in the vale of Mambre as he was sitting at the door of his tent, in the very heat of the day.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre. And he sat at the tent-door in the heat of the day.

English Revised Version
And the LORD appeared unto him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD appeared to him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

World English Bible
Yahweh appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah appeareth unto him among the oaks of Mamre, and he is sitting at the opening of the tent, about the heat of the day;
Study Bible
Abraham's Celestial Visitors
1Now the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, while he was sitting at the tent door in the heat of the day. 2When he lifted up his eyes and looked, behold, three men were standing opposite him; and when he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them and bowed himself to the earth,…
Cross References
Hebrews 11:9
By faith he dwelt in the promised land as a stranger in a foreign country. He lived in tents, as did Isaac and Jacob, who were heirs with him of the same promise.

Hebrews 13:2
Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for by so doing some people have entertained angels without knowing it.

Genesis 12:7
The LORD appeared to Abram and said, "To your descendants I will give this land." So he built an altar there to the LORD who had appeared to him.

Genesis 13:18
Then Abram moved his tent and came and dwelt by the oaks of Mamre, which are in Hebron, and there he built an altar to the LORD.

Genesis 14:13
Then a fugitive came and told Abram the Hebrew. Now he was living by the oaks of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol and brother of Aner, and these were allies with Abram.

Genesis 17:1
Now when Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, "I am God Almighty; Walk before Me, and be blameless.

Genesis 18:22
Then the men turned away from there and went toward Sodom, while Abraham was still standing before the LORD.

Genesis 20:1
Now Abraham journeyed from there toward the land of the Negev, and settled between Kadesh and Shur; then he sojourned in Gerar.

Genesis 26:2
The LORD appeared to him and said, "Do not go down to Egypt; stay in the land of which I shall tell you.

Genesis 35:27
Jacob came to his father Isaac at Mamre of Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had sojourned.
Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD appeared to him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

appeared.

Genesis 15:1 After these things the word of the LORD came to Abram in a vision, …

Genesis 17:1-3,22 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to …

Genesis 26:2 And the LORD appeared to him, and said, Go not down into Egypt; dwell …

Genesis 48:3 And Jacob said to Joseph, God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the …

Exodus 4:1 And Moses answered and said, But, behold, they will not believe me, …

2 Chronicles 1:7 In that night did God appear to Solomon, and said to him, Ask what …

Acts 7:2 And he said, Men, brothers, and fathers, listen; The God of glory …

Mamre.

Genesis 13:18 Then Abram removed his tent, and came and dwelled in the plain of …

Genesis 14:13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for …

and he sat. In these verses we have a delightful picture of genuine and primitive hospitality: a venerable father sits at the tent door, not only to enjoy the current of refreshing air, but that if he saw any weary and exhausted travellers, he might invite them to rest and refresh themselves during the heat of the day, and the same custom still continues in the east. It was not the custom, nor was there any necessity, for strangers to knock at the door, or to speak first, but to stand till they were invited.

XVIII.

VISIT OF ANGELS TO ABRAHAM AT MAMRE; AND OVERTHROW OF SODOM.

(1) And the Lord (Jehovah) appeared unto him.--No new section could begin in this way, but evidently this is a continuation of the narrative of the circumcision. We thus find a Jehovistic section coupled in the closest way with one which is Elohistic (comp. Genesis 17:22-23); and even here it is Elohim who for Abraham's sake delivers Lot (Genesis 19:29). Far more important, however, is it to notice that this familiar intercourse, and clear revelation of Jehovah to Abraham, follows upon his closer relation to God by virtue of the sacrament of circumcision. Jewish tradition adds that this visit was made to Abraham on the third day after the rite had been performed, and was for the purpose of healing him from the painful consequences of it. It was on this account, as they think, that Abraham was resting at home, instead of being with his herds in the field.

The plains (Heb., the oaks) of Mamre.--(See Genesis 13:18; Genesis 14:13.)

The tent door.--Heb., the opening of the tent, formed by looping back one of the curtains.

The heat of the day.--The time of noon, when Orientals rest from labour (comp. Genesis 3:8). As the air in the tent would be sultry, Abraham sits in the shade on the outside. So in Genesis 18:8 the meal is spread under a tree.

Verse 1. - And the Lord - Jehovah, the Divine name employed throughout the present and succeeding chapters, which are accordingly assigned to the Jehovist (Tuch, Bleek, Davidson, Colenso), with the exception of Genesis 19:29, which is commonly regarded as a fragment of the original Elohist's narration (vide infra) - appeared unto him. The absence of Abraham's name has been thought to favor the idea that the present chapter should have begun at Genesis 17:23 (Quarry). That the time of this renewed Divine manifestation was shortly after the incidents recorded in the preceding chapter is apparent, as also that its object was the reassurance of the patriarch concerning the birth of Isaac. In the plains of Mamre. Literally, in the oaks of Mature (vide Genesis 13:18). And he sat in the tent door. Literally, in the opening of the tent, a fold of which was fastened to a post near by to admit any air that might be stirring. In the heat of the day, i.e. noontide (cf. 1 Samuel 11:11), as the cool of the day, or the wind of the day (Genesis 3:8), means eventide. "The usual term for noon is Tsoharim (Genesis 43:16), that is, the time of ' double or greatest light,' while a more poetical expression is 'the height of the day' (Proverbs 4:18), either because then the sun has reached its most exalted position, or because it appears to stand still in the zenith" (Kalisch). Among the Orientals the hour of noon is the time of rest (cf. Song of Solomon 1:7) and the time of dinner (Genesis 43:16, 25). In this case the patriarch had probably dined and was resting after dinner, sines, on the arrival of his visitors, preparations had to be commenced for their entertainment. And the Lord appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre,.... That is, to Abraham; and very likely this appearance of God was quickly after the affair of the circumcision, to show his approbation of his ready obedience to his command; and at this time he was in the plains, or at the oaks of Mamre, the oaken grove there, as has been observed on Genesis 13:18; and which seems to be the best rendering of the words, since in Genesis 18:4; mention is made of a tree to sit and stand under; and Abraham might choose this place for his habitation, because of the shadiness of it, in those hot countries:

and he sat in the tent door, in the heat of the day; partly to cool and refresh himself, and partly to observe if any passengers passed by, to invite them in; this being a time of day when such needed refreshment, and it was proper for them to lie by a while, and not proceed on their journey until it was cooler: or rather to or "near" the tent door, as Noldius (g), or before it, without or under the shade of the tree, after mentioned.

(g) Ebr. Concord. Part. p. 13. CHAPTER 18

Ge 18:1-8. Entertainment of Angels.

1. the Lord appeared—another manifestation of the divine presence, more familiar than any yet narrated; and more like that in the fulness of time, when the Word was made flesh.

plains of Mamre—rather, terebinth or oak of Mamre; a tall-spreading tree or grove of trees.

sat in the tent door—The tent itself being too close and sultry at noon, the shaded open front is usually resorted to for the air that may be stirring.18:1-8 Abraham was waiting to entertain any weary traveller, for inns were not to be met with as among us. While Abraham was thus sitting, he saw three men coming. These were three heavenly beings in human bodies. Some think they were all created angels; others, that one of them was the Son of God, the Angel of the covenant. Washing the feet is customary in those hot climates, where only sandals are worn. We should not be forgetful to entertain strangers, for thereby some have entertained angels unawares, Heb 13:2; nay, the Lord of angels himself; as we always do, when for his sake we entertain the least of his brethren. Cheerful and obliging manners in showing kindness, are great ornaments to piety. Though our condescending Lord vouchsafes not personal visits to us, yet still by his Spirit he stands at the door and knocks; when we are inclined to open, he deigns to enter; and by his gracious consolations he provides a rich feast, of which we partake with him, Re 3:20.
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