Genesis 21:33
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and there he called on the name of the LORD, the Eternal God.

New Living Translation
Then Abraham planted a tamarisk tree at Beersheba, and there he worshiped the LORD, the Eternal God.

English Standard Version
Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba and called there on the name of the LORD, the Everlasting God.

New American Standard Bible
Abraham planted a tamarisk tree at Beersheba, and there he called on the name of the LORD, the Everlasting God.

King James Bible
And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and there he called on the name of Yahweh, the Everlasting God.

International Standard Version
Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and there he called on the name of the LORD God Everlasting.

NET Bible
Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beer Sheba. There he worshiped the LORD, the eternal God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Abraham planted a tamarisk tree at Beersheba and worshiped the LORD, the Everlasting God, there.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba and called there on the name of the LORD, the eternal God.

King James 2000 Bible
And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.

American King James Version
And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.

American Standard Version
And Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of Jehovah, the Everlasting God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Abimelech, and Phicol the general of his army arose and returned to the land of the Palestines. But Abraham planted a grove in Bersabee, and there called upon the name of the Lord God eternal.

Darby Bible Translation
And [Abraham] planted a tamarisk in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of Jehovah, the Eternal God.

English Revised Version
And Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the Everlasting God.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Abraham planted a grove in Beer-sheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.

World English Bible
Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and called there on the name of Yahweh, the Everlasting God.

Young's Literal Translation
and Abraham planteth a tamarisk in Beer-Sheba, and preacheth there in the name of Jehovah, God age-during;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

21:22-34 Abimelech felt sure that the promises of God would be fulfilled to Abraham. It is wise to connect ourselves with those who are blessed of God; and we ought to requite kindness to those who have been kind to us. Wells of water are scarce and valuable in eastern countries. Abraham took care to have his title to the well allowed, to prevent disputes in future. No more can be expected from an honest man than that he be ready to do right, as soon as he knows he has done wrong. Abraham, being now in a good neighbourhood, stayed a great while there. There he made, not only a constant practice, but an open profession of his religion. There he called on the name of the Lord, as the everlasting God; probably in the grove he planted, which was his place of prayer. Abraham kept up public worship, in which his neighbours might join. Good men should do all they can to make others so. Wherever we sojourn, we must neither neglect nor be ashamed of the worship of Jehovah.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 33. - And Abraham planted - as a sign of his peaceful occupation of the soil (Calvin); as a memorial of the transaction about the well ('Speaker's Commentary'); or simply as a shade for his tent (Rosenmüller); scarcely as an oratory (Bush, Kalisch) - a grove - the אֵשֶׁל - wood, plantation (Targum, Vulgate, Samaritan, Kimchi); a field, ἄρουραν (LXX.) - was probably the Tamarix Africanae (Gesenius, Furst, Delitzsch, Rosenmüller, Kalisch), which, besides being common in Egypt and Petraea, is mid to have been found growing near the ancient Beersheba - in Beersheba, and called there (not beneath the tree or in the grove, but in the place) on the name of the Lord, - Jehovah (vide Genesis 12:8; Genesis 13:4) - the everlasting God - literally, the God of eternity (LXX., Vulgate, Onkelos); not in contrast to heathen deities, who are born and die (Clericus), but "as the everlasting Vindicator of the faith of treaties, and as the infallible Source of the believer's rest and peace" (Murphy).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba,.... The Jewish writers (w) are divided about the use of this grove, as Jarchi relates; one says it was for a paradise or orchard, to produce fruits out of it for travellers and for entertainment; another says it was for an inn to entertain strangers in; it rather was for a shade, to shelter from the sun in those sultry and hot countries; and perhaps for a religious use, and to be an oratory, as the following words seem to suggest: in the midst of it very likely Abraham built an altar, and sacrificed to the Lord; hence might come the superstitious use of groves among the Heathens; and, when they came to be abused to idolatrous purposes, they were forbidden by the law of Moses, which before were lawful. And, though the name of Abraham is not in the text, there is no doubt but he is designed, and was the planter of the grove, and which is expressed in the Septuagint version, as it is supplied by us. What sort of trees this grove consisted of cannot with certainty be said, very probably the oak. R. Jonah (x) thinks it may be the tree which in Arabic they call "ethel", and is a tree like that which is called tamarisk in general it signifies any tree, and especially large trees (y):

and called there on the name of the Lord, the everlasting God; who, is from everlasting to everlasting, or "the God of the world" (z), the Creator and upholder of it, and the preserver of all creatures in it; him Abraham invoked in this place, prayed unto him, and gave him thanks for all the mercies he had received from him.

(w) In T. Bab. Sotah, fol. 10. 1.((x) Apud Kimchi, Sepher Shorash. rad. (y) Vid. R. Sol. Urbin. Ohel Moed, fol. 72. 1.((z) "Dei seculi", Pagninus, Hontanus, Calvin; so Ainsworth.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

33. Abraham planted a grove—Hebrew, "of tamarisks," in which sacrificial worship was offered, as in a roofless temple.

Genesis 21:33 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Covenant at Beersheba
32So they made a covenant at Beersheba; and Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, arose and returned to the land of the Philistines. 33Abraham planted a tamarisk tree at Beersheba, and there he called on the name of the LORD, the Everlasting God. 34And Abraham sojourned in the land of the Philistines for many days.
Cross References
Hebrews 13:8
Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.

Genesis 12:8
From there he went on toward the hills east of Bethel and pitched his tent, with Bethel on the west and Ai on the east. There he built an altar to the LORD and called on the name of the LORD.

Genesis 21:32
After the treaty had been made at Beersheba, Abimelek and Phicol the commander of his forces returned to the land of the Philistines.

Exodus 15:18
"The LORD reigns for ever and ever."

Deuteronomy 32:40
I lift my hand to heaven and solemnly swear: As surely as I live forever,

Psalm 90:2
Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the whole world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God.

Psalm 93:2
Your throne was established long ago; you are from all eternity.

Isaiah 40:28
Do you not know? Have you not heard? The LORD is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He will not grow tired or weary, and his understanding no one can fathom.

Jeremiah 10:10
But the LORD is the true God; he is the living God, the eternal King. When he is angry, the earth trembles; the nations cannot endure his wrath.

Habakkuk 1:12
LORD, are you not from everlasting? My God, my Holy One, you will never die. You, LORD, have appointed them to execute judgment; you, my Rock, have ordained them to punish.
Treasury of Scripture

And Abraham planted a grove in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God.

grove. or, tree.

Amos 8:14 They that swear by the sin of Samaria, and say, Your god, O Dan, …

The original word eshel, has been variously translated a grove, a plantation, an orchard, a cultivated field, and an oak; but it may denote a kind of tamarisk, as it is rendered by Gesenius, the same with the Arabic athl.

Beer-sheba.

Deuteronomy 16:21 You shall not plant you a grove of any trees near to the altar of …

Judges 3:7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and …

called.

Genesis 4:26 And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his …

Genesis 12:8 And he removed from there to a mountain on the east of Bethel, and …

Genesis 26:23,25,33 And he went up from there to Beersheba…

on the name. Dr. Shuckford justly contends, that the expression rendered, 'he called on the name,' signifies 'he invoked in the name.'

everlasting.

Deuteronomy 33:27 The eternal God is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting …

Psalm 90:2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever you had formed the …

Isaiah 40:28 Have you not known? have you not heard, that the everlasting God, …

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose …

Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD is the true God, he is the living God, and an everlasting …

Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are …

Romans 16:26 But now is made manifest, and by the scriptures of the prophets, …

1 Timothy 1:17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, …

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