Genesis 21:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The child grew and was weaned, and on the day Isaac was weaned Abraham held a great feast.

New Living Translation
When Isaac grew up and was about to be weaned, Abraham prepared a huge feast to celebrate the occasion.

English Standard Version
And the child grew and was weaned. And Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.

New American Standard Bible
The child grew and was weaned, and Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.

King James Bible
And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The child grew and was weaned, and Abraham held a great feast on the day Isaac was weaned.

International Standard Version
The child grew and eventually was weaned, so Abraham threw a tremendous banquet on the very day Isaac was weaned.

NET Bible
The child grew and was weaned. Abraham prepared a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The child grew and was weaned. On the day Isaac was weaned, Abraham held a big feast.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the child grew and was weaned, and Abraham made a great banquet the day that Isaac was weaned.

King James 2000 Bible
And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned.

American King James Version
And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned.

American Standard Version
And the child grew, and was weaned. And Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the child grew and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast on the day of his weaning.

Darby Bible Translation
And the child grew, and was weaned. And Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.

English Revised Version
And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the day that Isaac was weaned.

World English Bible
The child grew, and was weaned. Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.

Young's Literal Translation
And the lad groweth, and is weaned, and Abraham maketh a great banquet in the day of Isaac's being weaned;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

21:1-8 Few under the Old Testament were brought into the world with such expectations as Isaac. He was in this a type of Christ, that Seed which the holy God so long promised, and holy men so long expected. He was born according to the promise, at the set time of which God had spoken. God's promised mercies will certainly come at the time which He sets, and that is the best time. Isaac means laughter, and there was good reason for the name, ch. 17:17; 18:13. When the Sun of comfort is risen upon the soul, it is good to remember how welcome the dawning of the day was. When Sarah received the promise, she laughed with distrust and doubt. When God gives us the mercies we began to despair of, we ought to remember with sorrow and shame our sinful distrust of his power and promise, when we were in pursuit of them. This mercy filled Sarah with joy and wonder. God's favours to his covenant people are such as surpass their own and others' thoughts and expectations: who could imagine that he should do so much for those that deserve so little, nay, for those that deserve so ill? Who would have said that God should send his Son to die for us, his Spirit to make us holy, his angels to attend us? Who would have said that such great sins should be pardoned, such mean services accepted, and such worthless worms taken into covenant? A short account of Isaac's infancy is given. God's blessing upon the nursing of children, and the preservation of them through the perils of the infant age, are to be acknowledged as signal instances of the care and tenderness of the Divine providence. See Ps 22:9,10; Ho 11:1,2.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 8. - And the child grew, - καὶ ἠυξήθη τὸ παιδίον (LXX.): imitated by Luke concerning Christ: τὸ παιδίον ηὔξανε (Luke 2:40) - and was weaned. The verb gamal originally signifies to do good to any one, to do completely; hence to finish, or make completely ready, as an infant; hence to wean, since either at that time the period of infancy is regarded as complete, or the child s independent existence is then fully reached. The time of weaning is commonly believed to have been at the end of the second or third year (cf. 1 Samuel 1:22-24; 2 Chronicles 31:16; 2 Macc. 7:27; Josephus, 'Ant.,' 2:09, 6). And Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned. Literally, in the day of the weaning of Isaac; probably, therefore, when Isaac was three years old and Ishmael seventeen. "It is still customary in the East to have a festive gathering at the time a child is weaned. Among the Hindoos, when the time for weaning has come, the event is accompanied with feasting and religious ceremonies, during which rice is formally presented to the child" ('Bible Manners and Customs,' by Rev. J. A. Freeman, M.A., ' Homiletical Quarterly,' vol. 1. p. 78; cf. Roberts' 'Oriental Illustrations,' p. 24).

CHAPTER 21:9-14

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the child grew, and was weaned,.... He throve under the nursing of its mother, and through the blessing of God upon him; and being healthy and robust, and capable of digesting stronger food, and living upon it, he was weaned from the breast: at what age Isaac was when weaned is not certain, there being no fixed time for such an affair, but it was at the discretion of parents, and as they liked it, and the case of their children required; and in those times, when men lived to a greater age than now, they might not be weaned so early, as we find their marrying and begetting children were when they were more advanced in years. The Jewish writers are not agreed about this matter. Jarchi and Ben Melech say that Isaac was weaned twenty four months after his birth; a chronologer of theirs says (q) it was in the hundred and third year of Abraham, that is, when Isaac was three years old, which agrees with the Apocrypha:"But she bowing herself toward him, laughing the cruel tyrant to scorn, spake in her country language on this manner; O my son, have pity upon me that bare thee nine months in my womb, and gave thee such three years, and nourished thee, and brought thee up unto this age, and endured the troubles of education.'' (2 Maccabees 7:27)According to Jerom (r), it was the opinion of some of the Hebrews that he was five years old; and at this age Bishop Usher (s) places the weaning of him; for to make him ten or twelve years of age, as some of the Rabbins do (t), when this was done, is very unlikely. Philo the Jew (u) makes him to be seven years of age at this time:

and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned; because he had now escaped the dangers of infancy, and had gone through or got over those disorders infants are exposed unto, and had his health confirmed, and there was great likelihood of his living and becoming a man, since now he could eat and digest more solid and substantial food; and this was great joy to Abraham, which he expressed by making a grand and sumptuous entertainment for his family, and for his neighbours, whom he might invite upon this occasion. Jarchi says, the great men of that age were at it, even Heber and Abimelech. The Jews very impertinently produce this passage, to show the obligation they lie under to make a feast at the circumcision of their infants (w); for this was not at Isaac's circumcision, but at his weaning.

(q) R. Gedaliah, Shalshalet Hakabala, fol. 2. 2. (r) Quaestion. in Genesin, fol. 68. K. tom. 3.((s) Annal. Vet Test. p. 9. (t) Pirke Eliezer, c. 30. Vid. Hieron. Quaest. ut supra. (in Genesin, fol. 68. K. tom. 3.) (u) De his Verb. Resipuit. Noe, p. 275. (w) Pirke Eliezer, c. 29. fol. 30. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

8. the child grew, and was weaned—children are suckled longer in the East than in the Occident—boys usually for two or three years.

Abraham made a great feast, &c.—In Eastern countries this is always a season of domestic festivity, and the newly weaned child is formally brought, in presence of the assembled relatives and friends, to partake of some simple viands. Isaac, attired in the symbolic robe, the badge of birthright, was then admitted heir of the tribe [Rosenmuller].

Genesis 21:8 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Birth of Isaac
7And she said, "Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have borne him a son in his old age." 8The child grew and was weaned, and Abraham made a great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned.
Cross References
Genesis 21:7
And she added, "Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have borne him a son in his old age."

Genesis 21:9
But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham was mocking,
Treasury of Scripture

And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned.

A.M.

1 Samuel 1:22 But Hannah went not up; for she said to her husband, I will not go …

Psalm 131:2 Surely I have behaved and quieted myself, as a child that is weaned …

Hosea 1:8 Now when she had weaned Loruhamah, she conceived, and bore a son.

feast.

Genesis 19:3 And he pressed on them greatly; and they turned in to him, and entered …

Genesis 26:30 And he made them a feast, and they did eat and drink.

Genesis 29:22 And Laban gathered together all the men of the place, and made a feast.

Genesis 40:20 And it came to pass the third day, which was Pharaoh's birthday, …

Judges 14:10,12 So his father went down to the woman: and Samson made there a feast; …

1 Samuel 25:36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, …

2 Samuel 3:20 So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men with him. And David …

1 Kings 3:15 And Solomon awoke; and, behold, it was a dream. And he came to Jerusalem, …

Esther 1:3 In the third year of his reign, he made a feast to all his princes …

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