Genesis 16:7
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The angel of the LORD found Hagar near a spring in the desert; it was the spring that is beside the road to Shur.

New Living Translation
The angel of the LORD found Hagar beside a spring of water in the wilderness, along the road to Shur.

English Standard Version
The angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, the spring on the way to Shur.

New American Standard Bible
Now the angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.

King James Bible
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, the spring on the way to Shur.

International Standard Version
The angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the desert on the road to Shur.

NET Bible
The LORD's angel found Hagar near a spring of water in the desert--the spring that is along the road to Shur.

New Heart English Bible
The angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Messenger of the LORD found her by a spring in the desert, the spring on the way to Shur.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

New American Standard 1977
Now the angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

King James 2000 Bible
And the angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.

American King James Version
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

American Standard Version
And the angel of Jehovah found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the angel of the Lord having found her, by a fountain of water in the wilderness, which is in the way to Sur in the desert,

Darby Bible Translation
And the Angel of Jehovah found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur.

English Revised Version
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

World English Bible
The angel of Yahweh found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

Young's Literal Translation
And a messenger of Jehovah findeth her by the fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur,
Study Bible
Sarah, Hagar and Ishmael
6But Abram said to Sarai, "Behold, your maid is in your power; do to her what is good in your sight." So Sarai treated her harshly, and she fled from her presence. 7Now the angel of the LORD found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, by the spring on the way to Shur. 8He said, "Hagar, Sarai's maid, where have you come from and where are you going?" And she said, "I am fleeing from the presence of my mistress Sarai."…
Cross References
Genesis 20:1
Now Abraham journeyed from there toward the land of the Negev, and settled between Kadesh and Shur; then he sojourned in Gerar.

Genesis 21:17
God heard the lad crying; and the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and said to her, "What is the matter with you, Hagar? Do not fear, for God has heard the voice of the lad where he is.

Genesis 21:18
"Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him by the hand, for I will make a great nation of him."

Genesis 21:19
Then God opened her eyes and she saw a well of water; and she went and filled the skin with water and gave the lad a drink.

Genesis 22:11
But the angel of the LORD called to him from heaven and said, "Abraham, Abraham!" And he said, "Here I am."

Genesis 22:15
Then the angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time from heaven,

Genesis 24:7
"The LORD, the God of heaven, who took me from my father's house and from the land of my birth, and who spoke to me and who swore to me, saying, 'To your descendants I will give this land,' He will send His angel before you, and you will take a wife for my son from there.

Genesis 25:18
They settled from Havilah to Shur which is east of Egypt as one goes toward Assyria; he settled in defiance of all his relatives.

Genesis 31:11
"Then the angel of God said to me in the dream, 'Jacob,' and I said, 'Here I am.'

Exodus 3:2
The angel of the LORD appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not consumed.
Treasury of Scripture

And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

found.

Proverbs 15:3 The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding the evil and the good.

the fountain.

Genesis 25:18 And they dwelled from Havilah to Shur, that is before Egypt, as you …

Exodus 15:22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into …

1 Samuel 15:7 And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until you come to Shur, …

Shur. The desert of Shur being between the south of Canaan, where Hebron was situated, and Egypt, it is likely that Hagar was returning to her own country.

(7) The angel of the Lord.--Heb., of Jehovah. (See Excursus at end of Book.)

In the way to Shur.--Hagar evidently fled by the usual route leading from Hebron past Beer-sheba to Egypt. The wilderness was that of Paran, in which Kadesh was situated. The fountain by which Hagar was sitting was on the road to Shur, which is a desert on the eastern side of Egypt, forming the boundary of the territory of the Ishmaelites (Genesis 25:18) and of the Amalekites (1Samuel 15:7; 1Samuel 27:8), and reached by the Israelites soon after crossing the Red Sea (Exodus 15:22; Numbers 33:8). It is now called J'afar.

Verse 7. - And the angel of the Lord. Maleach Jehovah, elsewhere styled Maleach Elohim (Genesis 21:17; Genesis 31:11); supposed but wrongly to be a creature angel (Augustine, Origen, Jerome, Hofmann, Bamngarten, Tholuck, Delitzsch, Kurtz), for the reasons chiefly

(1) that the term angel commonly designates a class of spiritual beings (Genesis 19:1; Genesis 32:1; Job 4:18; Psalm 91:11; Matthew 13:41; John 20:12, et passim);

(2) that the ἄγγελος κυρίου of the New Testament (Matthew 1:20; Luke 2:9; Acts 12:7) is always a created angel;

(3) that the meaning of the term מַלְאָך, one sent, from לָאַך, to depute (Gesenius), one through whom work is executed, from לָאַך, to work (Keil), implies a certain degree of subordination, which is afterwards more distinctly recognized (1 Chronicles 21:27; Zechariah 1:12);

(4) that the distinction between the unrevealed and the revealed God was not then developed as in later times, and particularly since the advent of Christ - to every one of which arguments, however, it is comparatively easy to reply (cf. Keil and Lange in love). With more force of reason believed to have been the Divine Being himself, who already as Jehovah had appeared to Abram (the Fathers, the Reformers, Hengstenberg, Keil, Lange, Havernick, Nitzsch, Ebrard, Steir, Kalisch, Ainsworth, Bush, Wordsworth, Candlish), since -

1. The Maleach Jehovah explicitly identifies himself with Jehovah (Ver. 10) and Elohim (Genesis 22:12).

2. Those to whom he makes his presence known recognize him as Divine (Genesis 16:13; Genesis 18:23-33; Genesis 28:16-22; Exodus 3:6; Judges 6:15, 20-23; Judges 13:22).

3. The Biblical writers constantly speak of him as Divine, calling him Jehovah without the least reserve (Genesis 16:13; Genesis 18:1; Genesis 22:16; Exodus 3:2; Judges 6:12).

4. The doctrine here implied of a plurality of persons in the Godhead is in complete accordance with earlier foreshadowings (Genesis 1:26; Genesis 11:7) and later revelations of the same truth.

5. The organic unity of Scripture would be broken if it could be proved that the central point in the Old Testament revelation was a creature angel, while that of the New is the incarnation of the God-Man. Found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness. Properly an uninhabited district suitable for pasturing flocks, from a root signifying to lead to pasture; hence a sterile, sandy country, like that here referred to, Arabia Deserta, bordering on Egypt (Genesis 14:6; Exodus 3:1). By the fountain. The article indicating a particular and well-known spring. In the way to Shur. "Before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria" (Genesis 25:18); hence not Pelusium on the Nile (Jos., 'Ant.,' 6:07, 3), but probably the modern Dachifar in the north-west of Arabia Deserta (Michaelis, Rosenmüller, Keil, Lange). Hagar was clearly directing her flight to Egypt. And the angel of the Lord found her,.... This is the first time that mention is made of an angel in Scripture, but is not to be understood of a created angel, but of a divine Person, as appears from Genesis 16:10, the uncreated angel, the Logos or Son of God, called the Angel of God's presence, and the Angel of the covenant, Isaiah 63:9 Malachi 3:1; who often appeared in an human form before his incarnation, being sent by his divine Father on one account or another; and hence called an angel, a messenger, or one sent, as in the fulness of time he was sent in human nature to be the Redeemer of his people; though many of the Jewish writers take this angel to be a man sent of God. Gersom (n) says he was one of the prophets that lived in those times, and observes, that some of their Rabbins say (o) he was Shem, the son of Noah; and Maimonides (p) suggests, that this angel was but a mere man, by comparing this passage with that in Genesis 37:15, "a certain man found him", &c. but the context most clearly confutes this notion, and proves him to be the almighty and omniscient God; since he promises to do what none but the omnipotent Being could do, and declares such things as none but the omniscient God could know: and when it is said he "found Hagar", it is not to be understood as if it was a chance matter, or the fruit and effect of search and inquiry, or as if he had not seen her before; but rather it shows that his eye was upon her, and he had a concern for her, and at a proper time and place appeared to her at once, and unawares, and unthought of by her. And the place where he found her was

by a fountain of water in the wilderness; which lay between Egypt and Canaan, the same through which the Israelites passed afterwards from the one to the other: here was a fountain of water, and meeting with it she stopped to refresh herself:

by the fountain in the way to Shur; a place before or over against Egypt, from whence the wilderness had its name, see Genesis 25:18, which shows that she was making her way to Egypt, as fast as she could, her native country, where in all probability she proposed to continue, and never return more: what the name of the place the angel found her at was, at that time, is not certain, or whether it had any; for it seems to be so called from the Lord's "looking" upon her here, which "Shur" signifies: the Jerusalem Targum calls it Chalaza; and both the Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan name it Chagra or Hagra, after her own name, as it should seem: and it is remarkable, that this very place, and the wilderness, and parts adjacent, were the habitation of her posterity, the sons of Ishmael, Genesis 25:18; and must be in Arabia Petraea, which they inhabited; and Ptolemy (q) speaks of a city called Suratta, in that country.

(n) Comment in loc. (o) Bereshit Rabba, sect. 45. fol. 41. 1.((p) Moreh Nevochim, par. 2. c. 42. p. 311. (q) Geograph. l. 5. c. 17. 7. And the angel of the Lord found her by a fountain—This well, pointed out by tradition, lay on the side of the caravan road, in the midst of Shur, a sandy desert on the west of Arabia-Petræa, to the extent of a hundred fifty miles, between Palestine and Egypt. By taking that direction, she seems to have intended to return to her relatives in that country. Nothing but pride, passion, and sullen obstinacy, could have driven any solitary person to brave the dangers of such an inhospitable wild; and she would have died, had not the timely appearance and words of the angel recalled her to reflection and duty.16:7-16 Hagar was out of her place, and out of the way of her duty, and going further astray, when the Angel found her. It is a great mercy to be stopped in a sinful way, either by conscience or by providence. Whence comest thou? Consider that thou art running from duty, and the privileges thou wast blest with in Abram's tent. It is good to live in a religious family, which those ought to consider who have this advantage. Whither wilt thou go? Thou art running into sin; if Hagar return to Egypt, she will return to idol gods, and into danger in the wilderness through which she must travel. Recollecting who we are, would often teach us our duty. Inquiring whence we came, would show us our sin and folly. Considering whither we shall go, discovers our danger and misery. And those who leave their space and duty, must hasten their return, how mortifying soever it be. The declaration of the Angel, I will, shows this Angel was the eternal Word and Son of God. Hagar could not but admire the Lord's mercy, and feel, Have I, who am so unworthy, been favoured with a gracious visit from the Lord? She was brought to a better temper, returned, and by her behaviour softened Sarai, and received more gentle treatment. Would that we were always suitably impressed with this thought, Thou God seest me!
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