7937. shakar
Strong's Concordance
shakar: to be or become drunk or drunken
Original Word: שָׁכַר
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: shakar
Phonetic Spelling: (shaw-kar')
Short Definition: drunk
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to be or become drunk or drunken
NASB Translation
became drunk (1), become drunk (5), drank freely (1), drunk (5), imbibe deeply (1), intoxicating (1), made him drunk (1), make (1), make him drunk (1), make them drunk (2), make yourself drunk (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
I. [שָׁכַר] verb be, or beocme, drunk, drunken (Late Hebrew id., derived species and derivatives; Ecclus 40:18; Ecclus 40:20 שכר strong drink; Arabic be drunken, also be full, fill; Assyrian šikaru; = שֵׁכָר, šikaru, drunken, perhaps also verb šakâru; Ethiopic : Aramaic שִׁכְרָא, = שְׁכָר, especially date-wine (Löw p. 125), compare be drunken, usually (derived species) defile, deform, etc.; from שֵׁכָר, Egyptian t-av-k-±ra WMMAs.u.Eur.102, Greek σίκερα, LewyFremdw. 81); —

Qal Perfect3plural שָֽׁכְרוּ Isaiah 29:9; Imperfect3masculine singular וַיִּשְׁכָּ֑רGenesis 9:21, 3 masculine plural יִשְׁכָּר֑וּן Isaiah 49:26, etc.; Imperative masculine plural שִׁכְרוּ Jeremiah 25:27; Songs 5:1; Infinitive construct לְשָׁכְרָה Haggai 1:6; Passive participle שְׁכֻרַתIsaiah 51:21 (Ges§ 130b LagBN 60); — become drunken Genesis 9:21 (J), of social drinking Genesis 43:34 (J), Songs 5:1, token of plenty Haggai 1:6; figurative of nations staggering helplessly under calamity Jeremiah 25:27; Jeremiah 51:21(וְלֹא מִיָּ֑יִן), of Nahum 3:11; of infatuation Isaiah 29:9 (וְלֹא יַיִן), of disgrace Lamentations 4:21, self-destruction, ׳כֶּעָסִיס דָּמָם יִשׁ Isaiah 49:26.

Pi`el make drunken: Imperfect3masculine singular suffix וַיְשַׁכְּרֵהוּ 2 Samuel 11:13, literal; figurative 1singular (suffix of people) וַאֲשַׁכְּרֵם (read ׳וָ) Isaiah 63:6 (subject ׳י) I made them drunk in my wrath (but MSS Ges Hi Ew Che Kit Marti and others וָאֲשַׁבְּרֵם I brake them in pieces); Participle feminine singular, of Babylonian, מְשַׁכֶּרֶת בָּלהָֿרֶץ Jeremiah 51:7; compare Infinitive abs. שַׁכֵּר Habakkuk 2:15 (i. e. terrorizing nations; read probably ׳הַשְׁקֵה וְאַף שׁ We Now).

Hiph`il id.: Perfect1singular וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּ֫י Jeremiah 51:27 (subject ׳י) i.e. make princes helpless, וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּים Jeremiah 51:39; Imperative masculine plural suffix הַשְׁכִּירֻהוּ object Moab, i.e. make helpless and disgraced Jeremiah 48:26; Imperfect1singular אַשְׁכִּיר חְצַּי מִדָּם Deuteronomy 32:42. — RubenJQ xi (1889), 446 proposes מַשְׁכִּירוֺת Hosea 7:5 for משׁך ידו את.

Hithpa`el Imperfect2feminine singular תִּשְׁתַּכָּרִין 1 Samuel 1:14 how long wilt thou make thyself drunken [a drunken spectacle] ?

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
be filled with drink abundantly, be, make drunken, be merry

A primitive root; to become tipsy; in a qualified sense, to satiate with a stimulating drink or (figuratively) influence -- (be filled with) drink (abundantly), (be, make) drunk(-en), be merry. (Superlative of shaqah.)

see HEBREW shaqah

Forms and Transliterations
אַשְׁכִּ֤יר אשכיר הַשְׁכִּירֻ֕הוּ השכירהו וְ֠הִשְׁכַּרְתִּי וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּים֙ וְשִׁכְר֖וּ וְשִׁכְרוּ֙ וַֽיְשַׁכְּרֵ֑הוּ וַֽיִּשְׁכְּר֖וּ וַאֲשַׁכְּרֵ֖ם וַיִּשְׁכָּ֑ר וּשְׁכֻרַ֖ת ואשכרם והשכרתי והשכרתים וישכר וישכרהו וישכרו ושכרו ושכרת יִשְׁכָּר֑וּן ישכרון לְשָׁכְרָ֔ה לשכרה מְשַׁכֶּ֖רֶת משכרת שַׁכֵּ֑ר שָֽׁכְר֣וּ שכר שכרו תִּשְׁכְּרִ֔י תִּשְׁכְּרִ֖י תִּשְׁתַּכָּרִ֑ין תשכרי תשתכרין ’aš·kîr ’aškîr ashKir haš·kî·ru·hū hashkiRuhu haškîruhū lə·šā·ḵə·rāh ləšāḵərāh leshacheRah mə·šak·ke·reṯ məšakkereṯ meshakKeret šā·ḵə·rū šak·kêr šāḵərū šakkêr shacheRu shakKer tiš·kə·rî tiš·tak·kā·rîn tishkeRi tishtakkaRin tiškərî tištakkārîn ū·šə·ḵu·raṯ ūšəḵuraṯ ushechuRat vaashakkeRem vaiyishKar vaiyishkeRu vayshakkeRehu Vehishkarti vehishkarTim veshichRu wa’ăšakkərêm wa·’ă·šak·kə·rêm way·šak·kə·rê·hū way·yiš·kār way·yiš·kə·rū wayšakkərêhū wayyiškār wayyiškərū wə·hiš·kar·tî wə·hiš·kar·tîm wə·šiḵ·rū wəhiškartî wəhiškartîm wəšiḵrū yiš·kā·rūn yishkaRun yiškārūn
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Strong's Hebrew 7937
19 Occurrences


’aš·kîr — 1 Occ.
haš·kî·ru·hū — 1 Occ.
lə·šā·ḵə·rāh — 1 Occ.
mə·šak·ke·reṯ — 1 Occ.
šā·ḵə·rū — 1 Occ.
šak·kêr — 1 Occ.
tiš·kə·rî — 2 Occ.
tiš·tak·kā·rîn — 1 Occ.
ū·šə·ḵu·raṯ — 1 Occ.
wa·’ă·šak·kə·rêm — 1 Occ.
way·yiš·kār — 1 Occ.
way·yiš·kə·rū — 1 Occ.
way·šak·kə·rê·hū — 1 Occ.
wə·hiš·kar·tî — 1 Occ.
wə·hiš·kar·tîm — 1 Occ.
wə·šiḵ·rū — 2 Occ.
yiš·kā·rūn — 1 Occ.

Genesis 9:21
HEB: מִן־ הַיַּ֖יִן וַיִּשְׁכָּ֑ר וַיִּתְגַּ֖ל בְּת֥וֹךְ
NAS: of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered
KJV: of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered
INT: at of the wine and became and uncovered inside

Genesis 43:34
HEB: יָד֑וֹת וַיִּשְׁתּ֥וּ וַֽיִּשְׁכְּר֖וּ עִמּֽוֹ׃
NAS: of theirs. So they feasted and drank freely with him.
KJV: any of theirs. And they drank, and were merry with him.
INT: times feasted and drank with

Deuteronomy 32:42
HEB: אַשְׁכִּ֤יר חִצַּי֙ מִדָּ֔ם
NAS: I will make My arrows drunk with blood,
KJV: I will make mine arrows drunk with blood,
INT: drunk my arrows blood

1 Samuel 1:14
HEB: עַד־ מָתַ֖י תִּשְׁתַּכָּרִ֑ין הָסִ֥ירִי אֶת־
NAS: long will you make yourself drunk? Put away
KJV: said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away
INT: against to her How make away your wine

2 Samuel 11:13
HEB: לְפָנָ֛יו וַיֵּ֖שְׁתְּ וַֽיְשַׁכְּרֵ֑הוּ וַיֵּצֵ֣א בָעֶ֗רֶב
NAS: before him, and he made him drunk; and in the evening
KJV: before him; and he made him drunk: and at even
INT: before and drank made went the evening

Songs 5:1
HEB: רֵעִ֔ים שְׁת֥וּ וְשִׁכְר֖וּ דּוֹדִֽים׃ ס
NAS: Drink and imbibe deeply, O lovers.
KJV: drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.
INT: friends Drink and imbibe lovers

Isaiah 29:9
HEB: הִשְׁתַּֽעַשְׁע֖וּ וָשֹׁ֑עוּ שָֽׁכְר֣וּ וְלֹא־ יַ֔יִן
NAS: yourselves and be blind; They become drunk, but not with wine,
KJV: and cry: they are drunken, but not with wine;
INT: Blind and be blind become not wine

Isaiah 49:26
HEB: וְכֶעָסִ֖יס דָּמָ֣ם יִשְׁכָּר֑וּן וְיָדְע֣וּ כָל־
NAS: with their own flesh, And they will become drunk with their own blood
KJV: thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood,
INT: sweet blood will become will know and all

Isaiah 51:21
HEB: זֹ֖את עֲנִיָּ֑ה וּשְׁכֻרַ֖ת וְלֹ֥א מִיָּֽיִן׃
NAS: you afflicted, Who are drunk, but not with wine:
KJV: now this, thou afflicted, and drunken, but not with wine:
INT: you afflicted are drunk not wine

Isaiah 63:6
HEB: עַמִּים֙ בְּאַפִּ֔י וַאֲשַׁכְּרֵ֖ם בַּחֲמָתִ֑י וְאוֹרִ֥יד
NAS: in My anger And made them drunk in My wrath,
KJV: in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury,
INT: the peoples my anger drunk my wrath poured

Jeremiah 25:27
HEB: יִשְׂרָאֵ֗ל שְׁת֤וּ וְשִׁכְרוּ֙ וּקְי֔וּ וְנִפְל֖וּ
NAS: Drink, be drunk, vomit,
KJV: Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue,
INT: of Israel Drink be drunk vomit fall

Jeremiah 48:26
HEB: הַשְׁכִּירֻ֕הוּ כִּ֥י עַל־
NAS: Make him drunk, for he has become arrogant
KJV: Make ye him drunken: for he magnified
INT: Make for toward

Jeremiah 51:7
HEB: בְּיַד־ יְהוָ֔ה מְשַׁכֶּ֖רֶת כָּל־ הָאָ֑רֶץ
NAS: of the LORD, Intoxicating all
KJV: that made all the earth drunken: the nations
INT: the hand of the LORD Intoxicating all the earth

Jeremiah 51:39
HEB: אֶת־ מִשְׁתֵּיהֶ֗ם וְהִשְׁכַּרְתִּים֙ לְמַ֣עַן יַעֲלֹ֔זוּ
NAS: [them] their banquet And make them drunk, that they may become jubilant
KJV: their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice,
INT: will serve their banquet and make because of may become

Jeremiah 51:57
HEB: וְ֠הִשְׁכַּרְתִּי שָׂרֶ֨יהָ וַחֲכָמֶ֜יהָ
NAS: I will make her princes
KJV: And I will make drunk her princes,
INT: will make her princes wise

Lamentations 4:21
HEB: תַּעֲבָר־ כּ֔וֹס תִּשְׁכְּרִ֖י וְתִתְעָרִֽי׃ ס
NAS: to you as well, You will become drunk and make yourself naked.
KJV: also shall pass through unto thee: thou shalt be drunken, and shalt make thyself naked.
INT: will come the cup will become and make

Nahum 3:11
HEB: גַּם־ אַ֣תְּ תִּשְׁכְּרִ֔י תְּהִ֖י נַֽעֲלָמָ֑ה
NAS: You too will become drunk, You will be hidden.
KJV: Thou also shalt be drunken: thou shalt be hid,
INT: too you will become become will be hidden

Habakkuk 2:15
HEB: חֲמָתְךָ֖ וְאַ֣ף שַׁכֵּ֑ר לְמַ֥עַן הַבִּ֖יט
NAS: even to make [them] drunk So
KJV: thy bottle to [him], and makest [him] drunken also, that thou mayest look
INT: bottle even to make So to look

Haggai 1:6
HEB: שָׁת֣וֹ וְאֵין־ לְשָׁכְרָ֔ה לָב֖וֹשׁ וְאֵין־
NAS: [you] drink, but [there is] not [enough] to become drunk; [you] put on clothing,
KJV: ye drink, but ye are not filled with drink; ye clothe
INT: drink one become put one

19 Occurrences

7936
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