John 18:13
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year.

New Living Translation
First they took him to Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest at that time.

English Standard Version
First they led him to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.

Berean Study Bible
They brought Him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year.

Berean Literal Bible
And they led Him away to Annas first; for he was father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest the same year.

New American Standard Bible
and led Him to Annas first; for he was father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.

King James Bible
And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
First they led Him to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.

International Standard Version
First they brought him to Annas, because he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year.

NET Bible
They brought him first to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.

New Heart English Bible
and led him to Annas first, for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they brought him to the presence of Hannan first, because he was Father-in-law of Qaypha, who was The High Priest that year.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
and took him first to Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas. Caiaphas, the chief priest that year,

New American Standard 1977
and led Him to Annas first; for he was father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and led him away to Annas first, for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was the high priest of that year and he sent him bound unto Caiaphas, the high priest.

King James 2000 Bible
And led him away to Annas first; for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was the high priest that same year.

American King James Version
And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.

American Standard Version
and led him to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they led him away to Annas first, for he was father in law to Caiphas, who was the high priest of that year.

Darby Bible Translation
and they led him away to Annas first; for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.

English Revised Version
and led him to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was high priest that year.

Webster's Bible Translation
And led him away to Annas first, (for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was the high priest that same year.)

Weymouth New Testament
They then brought Him to Annas first; for Annas was the father-in-law of Caiaphas who was High Priest that year.

World English Bible
and led him to Annas first, for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.

Young's Literal Translation
and they led him away to Annas first, for he was father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was chief priest of that year,
Study Bible
The Betrayal of Jesus
12Then the band of soldiers, with its commander and the officers of the Jews, arrested Jesus and bound Him. 13They brought Him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. 14Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it would be better if one man died for the people.…
Cross References
Matthew 26:3
At that time, the chief priests and elders of the people assembled in the courtyard of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas,

Luke 3:2
during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness.

John 11:49
But one of them, named Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said to them, "You know nothing at all!

John 11:51
Caiaphas did not say this on his own. Instead, as high priest that year, he was prophesying that Jesus would die for the nation,

John 18:24
Then Annas sent Him, still bound, to Caiaphas the high priest.

John 18:28
Then they led Jesus away from Caiaphas into the Praetorium. By now it was early morning, and the Jews did not enter the Praetorium to avoid being defiled and unable to eat the Passover.

John 19:11
Jesus answered, "You would have no authority over Me unless it were given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed Me over to you is guilty of greater sin."
Treasury of Scripture

And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.

led.

Matthew 26:57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the …

Annas.

Luke 3:2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came to …

Acts 4:6 And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, …

that.

John 11:51 And this spoke he not of himself: but being high priest that year, …

John 11:24 Martha said to him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection …

(13, 14) And led him away to Annas first.--Comp. for account of Annas Note on Luke 3:2, and Acts 4:6. This trial before Annas was probably a preliminary investigation, distinct from the formal trial before Caiaphas, narrated in the earlier Gospels. (Comp. John 18:19; John 18:24.)

For he was father in law to Caiaphas.--The personal relationship between Annas and Caiaphas had led to a closeness of connection in official duties, which makes it difficult, with our partial knowledge of the circumstances, to trace the position taken by each in the trial of our Lord. This remark of St. John's suggests that Annas may have occupied part of the high priest's palace. He had been high priest. He is called high priest in the following year (Acts 4:6). His age would have given him authority in the Sanhedrin, which Caiaphas himself is not likely to have questioned, and he may have been President of the Sanhedrin or Father of the Beth Din (House of Judgment), Whether officially, or personally, or both, he was, from the Jewish point of view, a person whose counsel and influence were of the utmost importance, and to him they bring Jesus for this doctrinal investigation (John 18:19); while it is necessary that He should be sent to the legal high priest for official trial in the presence of the Sanhedrin (John 18:24), before being handed over to the civil power (John 18:28). It does not follow that the high priest (Caiaphas) was not present at this investigation; but it was altogether of an informal character.

Which was the high priest that same year.--On this clause, and the whole of the following verse, comp. Notes on John 11:49-52. The prophecy is quoted now that its fulfilment is close at hand, and that the act of Caiaphas is about to lead to it.

And led him away to Annas first,.... Who is elsewhere mentioned with Caiaphas as an high priest also, Luke 3:2. He was the "sagan" of the high priest; he and Caiaphas seem to have had the high priesthood alternately; and either now, because his house lay first in the way, or rather, because he was a man of age, learning, and experience, as these men usually were, that they might supply the deficiencies of the high priests, who were sometimes very weak and unlearned men (k); therefore they first lead him to him, to have his advice how to proceed, and to take him along with them to his son-in-law, where the great council was convened, and that he might use his interest and authority, in taking proper measures, in order to put Jesus to death; and especially they led him to him, for the reason here assigned;

for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas; so that he was, it is very probable, the older man: and being related to him, had an interest in him; and to whom such a sight was equally pleasing as to the high priest himself, or any of the council:

which was the high priest that same year; for the high priesthood was not for life, but was often changed, being bought and sold for money; See Gill on Luke 3:2; so that this clause is very properly added, though Caiaphas held it longer, or, at least, had it more years than one; for Caiaphas was high priest when John began to preach, Luke 3:2; but he now succeeded Simeon ben Camhith, who was priest the year before; as was Eleazar the son of Ananus, the year before that; and before him Ishmael ben Phabi, who were all three successively put into the priesthood by Valerius Gratus, the Roman governor; as was also Caiaphas this year, and whose name was Joseph.

(k) Misn. Yoma, c. 1. sect. 3, 6. 13. And led him away—"In that hour," says Matthew (Mt 26:55, 56), and probably now, on the way to judgment, when the crowds were pressing upon Him, "said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief, with swords and staves, for to take Me"—expressive of the indignity which He felt to be thus done to Him—"I sat daily with you in the temple, and ye laid no hold on Me. But this" (adds Lu 22:53) "is your hour and the power of darkness." Matthew continues—"But all this was done that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook Him and fled" (Mt 26:56)—thus fulfilling His prediction (Mr 14:27; Joh 16:32).

Joh 18:13-27. Jesus before Annas and Caiaphas—Fall of Peter.

13, 14. And led him away to Annas first—(See on [1889]Lu 3:2, and [1890]Mt 26:57). (Also see on [1891]Mr 14:53.)18:13-27 Simon Peter denied his Master. The particulars have been noticed in the remarks on the other Gospels. The beginning of sin is as the letting forth of water. The sin of lying is a fruitful sin; one lie needs another to support it, and that another. If a call to expose ourselves to danger be clear, we may hope God will enable us to honour him; if it be not, we may fear that God will leave us to shame ourselves. They said nothing concerning the miracles of Jesus, by which he had done so much good, and which proved his doctrine. Thus the enemies of Christ, whilst they quarrel with his truth, wilfully shut their eyes against it. He appeals to those who heard him. The doctrine of Christ may safely appeal to all that know it, and those who judge in truth bear witness to it. Our resentment of injuries must never be passionate. He reasoned with the man that did him the injury, and so may we.
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