Deuteronomy 14:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
These are the animals you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat,

New Living Translation
These are the animals you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat,

English Standard Version
These are the animals you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat,

Berean Study Bible
These are the animals that you may eat: The ox, the sheep, the goat,

New American Standard Bible
"These are the animals which you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat,

King James Bible
These are the beasts which ye shall eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

Christian Standard Bible
These are the animals you may eat: oxen, sheep, goats,

Good News Translation
You may eat these animals: cattle, sheep, goats,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These are the animals you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat,

International Standard Version
These are the animals that you may eat: ox, sheep, goat,

NET Bible
These are the animals you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat,

New Heart English Bible
These are the animals which you may eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Here are the [kinds of] animals you may eat: oxen, sheep, goats,

JPS Tanakh 1917
These are the beasts which ye may eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

New American Standard 1977
“These are the animals which you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat,

Jubilee Bible 2000
These are the animals which ye shall eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

King James 2000 Bible
These are the animals which you shall eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

American King James Version
These are the beasts which you shall eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

American Standard Version
These are the beasts which ye may eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

Douay-Rheims Bible
These are the beasts that you shall eat, the ox, and the sheep, and the goat,

Darby Bible Translation
These are the beasts which ye shall eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat;

English Revised Version
These are the beasts which ye shall eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

Webster's Bible Translation
These are the beasts which ye shall eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

World English Bible
These are the animals which you may eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

Young's Literal Translation
this is the beast which ye do eat: ox, lamb of the sheep, or kid of the goats,
Study Bible
Clean and Unclean Animals
3You must not eat any detestable thing. 4These are the animals that you may eat: The ox, the sheep, the goat, 5the deer, the gazelle, the roe deer, the wild goat, the ibex, the antelope, and the mountain sheep.…
Cross References
Acts 10:14
“No, Lord!” Peter answered. “I have never eaten anything impure or unclean.”

Leviticus 11:2
“Say to the Israelites, ‘Of all the beasts of the earth, you may eat

Deuteronomy 14:5
the deer, the gazelle, the roe deer, the wild goat, the ibex, the antelope, and the mountain sheep.

Treasury of Scripture

These are the beasts which you shall eat: the ox, the sheep, and the goat,

Leviticus 11:2-8 Speak to the children of Israel, saying, These are the beasts which …

1 Kings 4:23 Ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the pastures, and an hundred …







(4) These are the beasts which ye shall eat.--The following paragraph to the end of Deuteronomy 14:8 answers to Leviticus 11:2-8, with this difference. The beasts that are to be eaten are specified in Deuteronomy. The exceptions are given in Leviticus.

The ox, the sheep, and the goat.--These being sacrificial animals, naturally stand first. "The sheep and the goat" are literally, "a young one of the sheep or of the goats." This may serve to illustrate Exodus 12:5, "Ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats." According to the letter of the Law in Exodus, the Passover victim might be either lamb or kid. The word seh, used there and in Genesis 22:7-8, is not distinctive of the species. This word is rendered "lamb" in several places in our English Version.

Verses 4-20. - The regulations here concerning food, and the animals the use of which is forbidden, are substantially the same as in Leviticus 2. There are, however, some differences between the two accounts which may be noticed.

1. In Deuteronomy, the mammals which may be used for food are severally specified as well as described by the general characteristic of the class; in Leviticus, only the latter description is given.

2. In the list of fowls which may not be eaten, the raah (glade) is mentioned in Deuteronomy, but not in Leviticus; and the bird which in the one is called da'ah, is in the other called dayyah (vulture).

3. The class of reptiles which is carefully described in Leviticus is wholly omitted in Deuteronomy.

4. Winged insects are forbidden without exception in Deuteronomy; in Leviticus, the locust and certain other insects of the same kind are excepted.

5. Some slight differences in the order of enumeration appear. These are the beasts which they shall eat,.... That is, which they might lawfully eat of, which were allowed for their food; for they were not obliged to eat of them if they did not choose it:

the ox, the sheep, and the goat; which were creatures used in sacrifice, and the only ones, yet nevertheless they might be used for food if chosen. De 14:4-8. Of Beasts.14:1-21 Moses tells the people of Israel how God had given them three distinguishing privileges, which were their honour, and figures of those spiritual blessings in heavenly things, with which God has in Christ blessed us. Here is election; The Lord hath chosen thee. He did not choose them because they were by their own acts a peculiar people to him above other nations, but he chose them that they might be so by his grace; and thus were believers chosen, Eph 1:4. Here is adoption; Ye are the children of the Lord your God; not because God needed children, but because they were orphans, and needed a father. Every spiritual Israelite is indeed a child of God, a partaker of his nature and favour. Here is sanctification; Thou art a holy people. God's people are required to be holy, and if they are holy, they are indebted to the grace God which makes them so. Those whom God chooses to be his children, he will form to be a holy people, and zealous of good works. They must be careful to avoid every thing which might disgrace their profession, in the sight of those who watch for their halting. Our heavenly Father forbids nothing but for our welfare. Do thyself no harm; do not ruin thy health, thy reputation, thy domestic comforts, thy peace of mind. Especially do not murder thy soul. Do not be the vile slave of thy appetites and passions. Do not render all around thee miserable, and thyself wretched; but aim at that which is most excellent and useful. The laws which regarded many sorts of flesh as unclean, were to keep them from mingling with their idolatrous neighbours. It is plain in the gospel, that these laws are now done away. But let us ask our own hearts, Are we of the children of the Lord our God? Are we separate from the ungodly world, in being set apart to God's glory, the purchase of Christ's blood? Are we subjects of the work of the Holy Ghost? Lord, teach us from these precepts how pure and holy all thy people ought to live!
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