1 Timothy 5:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
As for younger widows, do not put them on such a list. For when their sensual desires overcome their dedication to Christ, they want to marry.

New Living Translation
The younger widows should not be on the list, because their physical desires will overpower their devotion to Christ and they will want to remarry.

English Standard Version
But refuse to enroll younger widows, for when their passions draw them away from Christ, they desire to marry

Berean Study Bible
But refuse to enroll younger widows. For when their passions draw them away from Christ, they will want to marry,

Berean Literal Bible
But refuse younger widows; for when they might grow wanton against Christ, they desire to marry,

New American Standard Bible
But refuse to put younger widows on the list, for when they feel sensual desires in disregard of Christ, they want to get married,

King James Bible
But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But refuse to enroll younger widows, for when they are drawn away from Christ by desire, they want to marry

International Standard Version
But do not include younger widows on your list. For whenever their natural desires cause them to lose their devotion to the Messiah, they want to remarry.

NET Bible
But do not accept younger widows on the list, because their passions may lead them away from Christ and they will desire to marry,

New Heart English Bible
But refuse younger widows, for whenever their passions lead them away from Christ, they desire to marry;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But avoid those widows who are younger, for these separate from The Messiah and seek to have a husband;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Don't include younger widows [on your list]. Whenever their natural desires become stronger than their devotion to Christ, they'll want to marry.

New American Standard 1977
But refuse to put younger widows on the list, for when they feel sensual desires in disregard of Christ, they want to get married,

Jubilee Bible 2000
But the younger widows refuse, for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they desire to marry,

King James 2000 Bible
But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to grow wanton against Christ, they will marry;

American King James Version
But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry;

American Standard Version
But younger widows refuse: for when they have waxed wanton against Christ, they desire to marry;

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the younger widows avoid. For when they have grown wanton in Christ, they will marry:

Darby Bible Translation
But younger widows decline; for when they grow wanton against Christ, they desire to marry,

English Revised Version
But younger widows refuse: for when they have waxed wanton against Christ, they desire to marry;

Webster's Bible Translation
But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to grow wanton against Christ, they will marry;

Weymouth New Testament
But the younger widows you must not enrol; for as soon as they begin to chafe against the yoke of Christ, they want to marry,

World English Bible
But refuse younger widows, for when they have grown wanton against Christ, they desire to marry;

Young's Literal Translation
and younger widows be refusing, for when they may revel against the Christ, they wish to marry,
Study Bible
Support for Widows
10and well known for good deeds such as bringing up children, entertaining strangers, washing the feet of the saints, imparting relief to the afflicted, and devoting herself to every good work. 11But refuse to enroll younger widows. For when their passions draw them away from Christ, they will want to marry, 12and thus will incur judgment because they are setting aside their first faith.…
Cross References
1 Timothy 5:12
and thus will incur judgment because they are setting aside their first faith.

Revelation 18:3
All the nations have drunk the wine of the passion of her immorality. The kings of the earth were immoral with her, and the merchants of the earth have grown wealthy through the extravagance of her luxury."

Revelation 18:7
To the degree that she has glorified herself and lived in luxury, inflict on her that much torment and misery. In her heart she says, 'I sit as queen; I am not a widow and will never see mourning.'

Revelation 18:9
Then the kings of the earth who committed sexual immorality and lived in luxury with her will weep and wail at the sight of the smoke rising from the fire that consumes her.
Treasury of Scripture

But the younger widows refuse: for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry;

the younger.

1 Timothy 5:9,14 Let not a widow be taken into the number under three score years …

to wax.

Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: you are waxen fat, you are grown …

Isaiah 3:16 Moreover the LORD said, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, …

Hosea 13:6 According to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, …

James 5:5 You have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; you have …

2 Peter 2:18 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through …

they will.

1 Timothy 5:14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house…

1 Timothy 4:3 Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats…

1 Corinthians 7:39,40 The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband lives; but if …

(11) But the younger widows refuse.--The younger women--younger used in a general sense--must positively be excluded from, and held ineligible for, this presbyteral order.

This direction by no means shuts them out from participation in the alms of the Church, if they were in need and destitute; but it wisely excluded the younger women from a position and from duties which they might in their first days of grief and desolation covet, but of which, as time passed on--as experience had shown St. Paul--they not unfrequently wearied. Those who had put their hands to the plough and afterwards looked back, he proceeds to tell us, would be a hindrance to the Church's work, and in some cases might prove a subject of scandal and reproach.

For when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ.--The Apostle was looking on to the time when, the first fervour excited by grief and sorrow being past, these younger sisters in many instances would begin again to long after their old pursuits and pleasures. The Greek word rendered "wax wanton" suggests especially the idea of restiveness. They will lose--to use Jerome's well-known expression--their love for their own proper Bridegroom--Christ.

They will marry.--The sight of domestic happiness enjoyed by other women will affect them. They, too, will long in their poor hearts for home joys; they will weary for the prattle of their own little children.

How much untold misery would have been avoided--how many wasted lives would have been saved for good and useful service, had Churchmen in later times only obeyed the words and carried out the thoughts of Paul, and persistently refused, as did St. Paul and Timothy, to receive the proffered services of women still too young in years for such devoted work, but who, through a temporary pressure of sorrow, dreamed for a moment they would be able to carry out their purpose of a life-long renunciation of the world, its excitement and its joys.

St. Paul, writing under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, saw how too often such renunciation, made under peculiar pressure of circumstances, undertaken with the hot fervour of youth, in later days would become weary and distasteful.

Verse 11. - Younger for the younger, A.V.; waxed for began to wax, A.V.; desire to for will, A.V. Refuse. Note the wisdom of Paul, who will not have the young widows admitted into the roll of Church widows, lest, after the first grief for the loss of their husbands has subsided, they should change their minds, and wish to return to the world and its pleasures, and so incur the guilt of drawing back their hands from the plough. Would that the Church had always imitated this wisdom and this consideration for the young, whether young priests or young monks and nuns! Waxed wanton against (καταστρηνιάσωσι). This word only occurs here, but the simple στρηνιάω is found in Revelation 18:7, 9, and is used by the Greek poets of the new comedy in the sense of τρυφᾶν, to be luxurious (Schleusner, 'Lex.'). Trench ('Synonyms of New Testament'), comparing this word with τρυφᾶν and σπαταλᾶν, ascribes to it the sense of "petulance" from fullness, like the state of Jeshurun, who waxed fat and kicked (Deuteronomy 32:15); and so Liddell and Scott give the sense of "to be over-strong." The sense, therefore, is that these young widows, in the wantonness and unsubdued worldliness of their hearts, reject the yoke of Christ, and kick against the widow's life of prayer and supplication day and night. And so they return to the world and its pleasures, which they had renounced. But the younger widows refuse,.... To admit them into the number of widows relieved by the church; partly because they are fit for labour, and so can take care of themselves; and partly because they may marry, as the apostle afterwards advises they should, and so would have husbands to take care of them:

for when they have begun to wax wanton against Christ; that is, being at ease, and without labour, live a wanton, loose, and licentious life, and in carnal lusts and pleasures, contrary to the commands of Christ, and to the reproach and dishonour of his name:

they will marry; not that it would be criminal for them to marry, or that second marriages are unlawful; for the apostle afterwards signifies that it was right, fit, and proper that such should marry; but his sense is, that marriage being the effect of wantonness, would not be so honourable in them, and especially after they had made application to the church for relief, and had declared themselves widows indeed, and desolate, and such as trusted in God, and gave themselves up to supplication and prayer; wherefore it would be much better for them, and more to the credit of religion, to marry first, than afterwards and it would be best not to apply at all to the church; and if they should, it would be most advisable to reject them for the said reasons. 11. younger—than sixty years old (1Ti 5:9).

refuse—to take on the roll of presbyteress widows.

wax wanton—literally, "over-strong" (2Ch 26:16).

against Christ—rebelling against Christ, their proper Bridegroom [Jerome].

they will—Greek, "they wish"; their desire is to marry again.5:9-16 Every one brought into any office in the church, should be free from just censure; and many are proper objects of charity, yet ought not to be employed in public services. Those who would find mercy when they are in distress, must show mercy when they are in prosperity; and those who show most readiness for every good work, are most likely to be faithful in whatever is trusted to them. Those who are idle, very seldom are only idle, they make mischief among neighbours, and sow discord among brethren. All believers are required to relieve those belonging to their families who are destitute, that the church may not be prevented from relieving such as are entirely destitute and friendless.
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NT Letters: 1 Timothy 5:11 But refuse younger widows for when they (1 Tim. 1Ti iTi 1tim i Tm) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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