Hebrews 5:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray, since he himself is subject to weakness.

New Living Translation
And he is able to deal gently with ignorant and wayward people because he himself is subject to the same weaknesses.

English Standard Version
He can deal gently with the ignorant and wayward, since he himself is beset with weakness.

Berean Study Bible
He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and misguided, since he himself is beset by weakness.

Berean Literal Bible
being able to exercise forbearance with those being ignorant and going astray, since he himself also is encompassed by weakness;

New American Standard Bible
he can deal gently with the ignorant and misguided, since he himself also is beset with weakness;

King James Bible
Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray, since he is also subject to weakness.

International Standard Version
He can deal gently with people who are ignorant and easily deceived, since he himself is subject to weakness.

NET Bible
He is able to deal compassionately with those who are ignorant and erring, since he also is subject to weakness,

New Heart English Bible
The high priest can deal gently with those who are ignorant and going astray, because he himself is also surrounded with weakness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Who can humble himself and suffer with those who are ignorant and erring because he is also clothed with weakness,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The chief priest can be gentle with people who are ignorant and easily deceived, because he also has weaknesses.

New American Standard 1977
he can deal gently with the ignorant and misguided, since he himself also is beset with weakness;

Jubilee Bible 2000
who can have compassion on the ignorant and on those that are in error; for he himself is also compassed with weakness.

King James 2000 Bible
Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are wayward; for he himself also is beset with weakness.

American King James Version
Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.

American Standard Version
who can bear gently with the ignorant and erring, for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who can have compassion on them that are ignorant and that err: because he himself also is compassed with infirmity.

Darby Bible Translation
being able to exercise forbearance towards the ignorant and erring, since he himself also is clothed with infirmity;

English Revised Version
who can bear gently with the ignorant and erring, for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity;

Webster's Bible Translation
Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.

Weymouth New Testament
and must be one who is able to bear patiently with the ignorant and erring, because he himself also is beset with infirmity.

World English Bible
The high priest can deal gently with those who are ignorant and going astray, because he himself is also surrounded with weakness.

Young's Literal Translation
able to be gentle to those ignorant and going astray, since himself also is compassed with infirmity;
Study Bible
The Perfect High Priest
1Every high priest is appointed from among men to represent them in matters relating to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. 2He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and misguided, since he himself is beset by weakness. 3That is why he is obligated to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people.…
Cross References
Isaiah 29:24
"Those who err in mind will know the truth, And those who criticize will accept instruction.

Ephesians 4:18
They are darkened in their understanding and alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them due to the hardness of their hearts.

Hebrews 2:17
So He had to be made like His brothers in every way, that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in service to God, in order to make atonement for the sins of the people.

Hebrews 2:18
Because He Himself suffered when He was tempted, He is able to help those who are being tempted.

Hebrews 4:15
For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who was tempted in every way that we are, yet was without sin.

Hebrews 7:28
For the Law appoints as high priests men who are weak; but the oath, which came after the Law, appointed the Son, who has been made perfect forever.

Hebrews 9:7
But only the high priest entered the inner room, and then only once a year, and never without blood, which he offered for himself and for the sins the people had committed in ignorance.

James 5:19
My brothers, if one of you should wander from the truth and someone should bring him back,

1 Peter 2:25
For you were like sheep going astray, but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.
Treasury of Scripture

Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.

Who.

Hebrews 2:18 For in that he himself has suffered being tempted, he is able to …

Hebrews 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling …

have compassion on. or, reasonably bear with. ignorant.

Numbers 15:22-29 And if you have erred, and not observed all these commandments, which …

1 Timothy 1:13 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but …

them.

Hebrews 12:13 And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be …

Exodus 32:8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: …

Judges 2:17 And yet they would not listen to their judges, but they went a whoring …

Isaiah 30:11 Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy …

is compassed.

Hebrews 7:28 For the law makes men high priests which have infirmity; but the …

Exodus 32:2-5,21-24 And Aaron said to them, Break off the golden earrings, which are …

Numbers 12:1-9 And Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Ethiopian …

Numbers 20:10-12 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the …

Luke 22:32 But I have prayed for you, that your faith fail not: and when you …

2 Corinthians 11:30 If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern my infirmities.

2 Corinthians 12:5,9,10 Of such an one will I glory: yet of myself I will not glory, but …

Galatians 4:13 You know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel …

(2) Who can have compassion.--Rather, as one who can deal gently with (or, more strictly, feel gently towards) the ignorant and erring, because . . . Either apathy or undue severity in regard to transgression would disqualify this representative of men to God. It cannot be said that sin is mildly designated here, since the words so closely resemble those which occur in Hebrews 3:10; still the language is so chosen as to exclude sinning "with a high hand."

Verse 2. - Who can have compassion on the ignorant and erring; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity. It is not easy to find a satisfactory English equivalent for μετριοπαθεῖν, translated as above in the A.V.; by Alford, "be compassionate towards;" in the margin of the A.V., "reasonably bear with;" by the recent Revisers, "bear gently with;" by Bengel, "moderate affici." The compound had its origin, doubtless, in the peripatetic school, denoting the right mean between passionateness and Stoic apathy, being the application of Aristotle's μεσότης to the sphere of the passions. Thus Diog. Laert. says of Aristotle, Αφη δε τον σοφον μη ειναι μεν απαθη μετριοπαθῆ δὲ. In this sense Philo uses μετριοπαθὴς to express Abraham's sober grief after the death of Sarah (2:37) and Jacob's patience under his afflictions (2:45). The verb, followed, as here, by a dative of persons, may be taken, therefore, to denote moderation of feeling towards the persons indicated, such moderation being especially opposed in the case before us, where the persons are the ignorant and erring, to excess of severe or indignant feeling. Moderation, indeed, in this regard seems to have been the idea generally attached to the compound (cf. Plut., 'De Ira Cohib.' p. 453, Ἀναστὴσαι καὶ σῶσαι καὶ φεισάσθαι καὶ καρτερῆσαι πραότητος ἐστὶ καὶ συγγνώμης καὶ μετριοπαθείας). Josephus also speaks of the emperors Vespasian and Titus as μετριοπαθησάντων in their attitude towards the Jews after long hostility ('Ant.,' 12:3 2). This, then, being the meaning of μετριοπαθεία, it is obvious how the capacity of it is essential to the idea of a high priest as being one who is resorted to as a mediator by a people laden with infirmities, to represent them and to plead for them. It is not of necessity implied that every high priest was personally νετριοπάθης: it is the ideal of his office that is spoken cf. And, in the case of human high priests, this ideal was fulfilled by their being themselves human, encompassed themselves with the infirmity of those for whom they mediated. Christ also, so far, evidently fulfils the condition. For, though he is afterwards distinguished (Hebrews 7:28) from priests having themselves infirmity, yet he had, in his human nature, experienced what it was: "He was crucified ἐξ ἀσθενείας (2 Corinthians 13:4); "Himself took our infirmities (ἀσθενείας), and bare our sicknesses" (Matthew 8:17; Isaiah 53:4); the agony in the garden (whatever its mysterious import, of which more below)expressed personal experience of human ἀσθενεία. Alford denies that ἀσθενεία, in the sense supposed by him to be here intended, can be attributed to Christ, and hence that περίκειται ἀσθένειαις can apply to him (but see above on Hebrews 4:15, and below on vers. 3, 7). Who can have compassion on the ignorant,.... Who have committed sins of ignorance, and bring their sacrifices for them; these he does not insult and upbraid, nor break out into anger and indignation against; but pities them, and sympathizes with them; has a just measure of compassion suitable to their condition, and bears with them with great moderation and temper:

and on them that are out of the way; of God's commandments; who are like sheep going astray, and turn to their own way; who transgress the law of God, and err from it; perhaps such who sin knowingly and wilfully, and through infirmity, are meant:

for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity; not of body only, but of mind, sinful infirmity; he had much of it, it beset him all around; he was "clothed" with it, as the Syriac version renders it; as Joshua the high priest was with filthy garments, Zechariah 3:3. 2. Who can—Greek, "being able"; not pleasing himself (Ro 15:3).

have compassion—Greek, "estimate mildly," "feel leniently," or "moderately towards"; "to make allowance for"; not showing stern rigor save to the obstinate (Heb 10:28).

ignorant—sins not committed in resistance of light and knowledge, but as Paul's past sin (1Ti 1:13). No sacrifice was appointed for wilful sin committed with a high hand; for such were to be punished with death; all other sins, namely, ignorances and errors, were confessed and expiated with sacrifices by the high priest.

out of the way—not deliberately and altogether wilfully erring, but deluded through the fraud of Satan and their own carnal frailty and thoughtlessness.

infirmity—moral weakness which is sinful, and makes men capable of sin, and so requires to be expiated by sacrifices. This kind of "infirmity" Christ had not; He had the "infirmity" of body whereby He was capable of suffering and death.5:1-10 The High Priest must be a man, a partaker of our nature. This shows that man had sinned. For God would not suffer sinful man to come to him alone. But every one is welcome to God, that comes to him by this High Priest; and as we value acceptance with God, and pardon, we must apply by faith to this our great High Priest Christ Jesus, who can intercede for those that are out of the way of truth, duty, and happiness; one who has tenderness to lead them back from the by-paths of error, sin, and misery. Those only can expect assistance from God, and acceptance with him, and his presence and blessing on them and their services, that are called of God. This is applied to Christ. In the days of his flesh, Christ made himself subject to death: he hungered: he was a tempted, suffering, dying Jesus. Christ set an example, not only to pray, but to be fervent in prayer. How many dry prayers, how few wetted with tears, do we offer up to God! He was strengthened to support the immense weight of suffering laid upon him. There is no real deliverance from death but to be carried through it. He was raised and exalted, and to him was given the power of saving all sinners to the uttermost, who come unto God through him. Christ has left us an example that we should learn humble obedience to the will of God, by all our afflictions. We need affliction, to teach us submission. His obedience in our nature encourages our attempts to obey, and for us to expect support and comfort under all the temptations and sufferings to which we are exposed. Being made perfect for this great work, he is become the Author of eternal salvation to all that obey him. But are we of that number?
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