Hebrews 5:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He can deal gently with the ignorant and wayward, since he himself is beset with weakness.

King James Bible
Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.

American Standard Version
who can bear gently with the ignorant and erring, for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who can have compassion on them that are ignorant and that err: because he himself also is compassed with infirmity.

English Revised Version
who can bear gently with the ignorant and erring, for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity;

Webster's Bible Translation
Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.

Weymouth New Testament
and must be one who is able to bear patiently with the ignorant and erring, because he himself also is beset with infirmity.

Hebrews 5:2 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Have compassion (μετιοπαθεῖν)

N.T.o. olxx. oClass. Originally of the rational regulation of the natural passions, as opposed to the Stoic ἀπάθεια, which involved the crushing out of the passions. Often, in later Greek, of moderating anger. It is not identical with συνπαθῆσαι (Hebrews 4:5), but signifies to be moderate or tender in judgment toward another's errors. Here it denotes a state of feeling toward the ignorant and erring which is neither too severe nor too tolerant. The high priest must not be betrayed into irritation at sin and ignorance, neither must he be weakly indulgent.

The ignorant (τοῖς ἀγνοοῦσι)

Comp. ἀγνοημάτων ignorances, Hebrews 9:7, and Numbers 15:22-31, where the distinction is drawn between sins of ignorance and sins of presumption. Atonement for sins of ignorance was required by the Levitical law as a means of educating the moral perception, and of showing that sin and defilement might exist unsuspected: that God saw evil where men did not, and that his test of purity was stricter than theirs.

For that he himself also is compassed with infirmity (ἐπεὶ καὶ αὐτὸς περίκειται ἀσθένειαν)

Sympathy belongs to the high-priestly office, and grows out of the sense of personal infirmity. The verb is graphic: has infirmity lying round him. Comp. Hebrews 12:1, of the encompassing (περικείμενον) cloud of witnesses. Ἀσθένειαν the moral weakness which makes men capable of sin. This is denied in the case of Christ. See Hebrews 7:28.

Hebrews 5:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Who.

Hebrews 2:18 For in that he himself has suffered being tempted, he is able to succor them that are tempted.

Hebrews 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are...

have compassion on. or, reasonably bear with. ignorant.

Numbers 15:22-29 And if you have erred, and not observed all these commandments, which the LORD has spoken to Moses...

1 Timothy 1:13 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.

them.

Hebrews 12:13 And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it rather be healed.

Exodus 32:8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it...

Judges 2:17 And yet they would not listen to their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves to them...

Isaiah 30:11 Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us.

is compassed.

Hebrews 7:28 For the law makes men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, makes the Son...

Exodus 32:2-5,21-24 And Aaron said to them, Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters...

Numbers 12:1-9 And Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman...

Numbers 20:10-12 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said to them, Hear now, you rebels...

Luke 22:32 But I have prayed for you, that your faith fail not: and when you are converted, strengthen your brothers.

2 Corinthians 11:30 If I must needs glory, I will glory of the things which concern my infirmities.

2 Corinthians 12:5,9,10 Of such an one will I glory: yet of myself I will not glory, but in my infirmities...

Galatians 4:13 You know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel to you at the first.

Cross References
Isaiah 29:24
And those who go astray in spirit will come to understanding, and those who murmur will accept instruction."

Ephesians 4:18
They are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to their hardness of heart.

Hebrews 2:17
Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.

Hebrews 2:18
For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.

Hebrews 4:15
For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.

Hebrews 7:28
For the law appoints men in their weakness as high priests, but the word of the oath, which came later than the law, appoints a Son who has been made perfect forever.

Hebrews 9:7
but into the second only the high priest goes, and he but once a year, and not without taking blood, which he offers for himself and for the unintentional sins of the people.

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