Luke 21:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"When you see Jerusalem being surrounded by armies, you will know that its desolation is near.

New Living Translation
"And when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then you will know that the time of its destruction has arrived.

English Standard Version
“But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near.

Berean Study Bible
But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, you will know that her desolation is near.

Berean Literal Bible
And when you see Jerusalem being encircled by encampments, then know that her desolation has drawn near.

New American Standard Bible
"But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then recognize that her desolation is near.

King James Bible
And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then recognize that its desolation has come near.

International Standard Version
"When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then understand that its devastation is approaching.

NET Bible
"But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But whenever you will see Jerusalem being surrounded by armies, know then that its destruction has come near to it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"When you see armies camped around Jerusalem, realize that the time is near for it to be destroyed.

New American Standard 1977
“But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then recognize that her desolation is at hand.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is near.

King James 2000 Bible
And when you shall see Jerusalem surrounded with armies, then know that its desolation is near.

American King James Version
And when you shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is near.

American Standard Version
But when ye see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that her desolation is at hand.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when you shall see Jerusalem compassed about with an army; then know that the desolation thereof is at hand.

Darby Bible Translation
But when ye see Jerusalem encompassed with armies, then know that its desolation is drawn nigh.

English Revised Version
But when ye see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that her desolation is at hand.

Webster's Bible Translation
And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that its desolation is nigh.

Weymouth New Testament
"But when you see Jerusalem with armies encamping round her on every side, then be certain that her overthrow is close at hand.

World English Bible
"But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is at hand.

Young's Literal Translation
'And when ye may see Jerusalem surrounded by encampments, then know that come nigh did her desolation;
Study Bible
The Destruction of Jerusalem
19By your patient endurance, you will gain your souls. 20But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, you will know that her desolation is near. 21Then let those in Judea flee to the mountains, let those in the city get out, and let those in the country stay out of the city.…
Word Study

A primary particle; but, and, etc.

When, whenever. From hote and an; whenever; also causatively inasmuch as.

Properly, to stare at, i.e. to discern clearly; by extension, to attend to; by Hebraism, to experience; passively, to appear.

Of Hebrew origin; Hierusalem, the capitol of Palestine.

To encircle, besiege, surround. From the same as kukloi; to encircle, i.e. Surround.

A primary preposition; under, i.e. of place, or with verbs; of place (underneath) or where (below) or time (when).

An encamped army. From the base of stratia and the same as pedinos; a camping-ground, i.e. a body of troops.

Then, at that time. From ho and hote; the when, i.e. At the time that.

A prolonged form of a primary verb; to "know" in a great variety of applications and with many implications.

Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

A desolation, devastation. From eremoo; despoliation.

has drawn near.
ēngiken (V-RIA-3S)
Trans: I bring near; intrans: I come near, approach. From eggus; to make near, i.e. approach.

Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
21:5-28 With much curiosity those about Christ ask as to the time when the great desolation should be. He answers with clearness and fulness, as far as was necessary to teach them their duty; for all knowledge is desirable as far as it is in order to practice. Though spiritual judgements are the most common in gospel times, yet God makes use of temporal judgments also. Christ tells them what hard things they should suffer for his name's sake, and encourages them to bear up under their trials, and to go on in their work, notwithstanding the opposition they would meet with. God will stand by you, and own you, and assist you. This was remarkably fulfilled after the pouring out of the Spirit, by whom Christ gave his disciples wisdom and utterance. Though we may be losers for Christ, we shall not, we cannot be losers by him, in the end. It is our duty and interest at all times, especially in perilous, trying times, to secure the safety of our own souls. It is by Christian patience we keep possession of our own souls, and keep out all those impressions which would put us out of temper. We may view the prophecy before us much as those Old Testament prophecies, which, together with their great object, embrace, or glance at some nearer object of importance to the church. Having given an idea of the times for about thirty-eight years next to come, Christ shows what all those things would end in, namely, the destruction of Jerusalem, and the utter dispersion of the Jewish nation; which would be a type and figure of Christ's second coming. The scattered Jews around us preach the truth of Christianity; and prove, that though heaven and earth shall pass away, the words of Jesus shall not pass away. They also remind us to pray for those times when neither the real, nor the spiritual Jerusalem, shall any longer be trodden down by the Gentiles, and when both Jews and Gentiles shall be turned to the Lord. When Christ came to destroy the Jews, he came to redeem the Christians that were persecuted and oppressed by them; and then had the churches rest. When he comes to judge the world, he will redeem all that are his from their troubles. So fully did the Divine judgements come upon the Jews, that their city is set as an example before us, to show that sins will not pass unpunished; and that the terrors of the Lord, and his threatenings against impenitent sinners, will all come to pass, even as his word was true, and his wrath great upon Jerusalem.
Cross References
Daniel 9:27
"And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate."

Matthew 24:15
So when you see standing in the holy place 'the abomination of desolation,' described by the prophet Daniel (let the reader understand),

Luke 19:43
For the days will come upon you when your enemies will barricade you and surround you and hem you in on every side.

Hebrews 11:30
By faith the walls of Jericho fell, after the people had marched around them for seven days.

Hebrews 12:1
Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off every encumbrance and the sin that so easily entangles, and let us run with endurance the race set out for us.
Treasury of Scripture

And when you shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is near.

Luke 21:7 And they asked him, saying, Master, but when shall these things be? …

Luke 19:43 For the days shall come on you, that your enemies shall cast a trench …

Daniel 9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week…

Matthew 24:15 When you therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken …

Mark 13:14 But when you shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by …

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