Luke 19:43
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment against you and encircle you and hem you in on every side.

New Living Translation
Before long your enemies will build ramparts against your walls and encircle you and close in on you from every side.

English Standard Version
For the days will come upon you, when your enemies will set up a barricade around you and surround you and hem you in on every side

Berean Study Bible
For the days will come upon you when your enemies will barricade you and surround you and hem you in on every side.

Berean Literal Bible
For days will come upon you that your enemies will cast around you a barricade, and will surround you and will hem you in on every side.

New American Standard Bible
"For the days will come upon you when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, and surround you and hem you in on every side,

King James Bible
For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For the days will come on you when your enemies will build an embankment against you, surround you, and hem you in on every side.

International Standard Version
because the days will come when your enemies will build walls around you, surround you, and close you in on every side.

NET Bible
For the days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment against you and surround you and close in on you from every side.

New Heart English Bible
For the days will come on you, when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, surround you, hem you in on every side,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“The days shall come to you when your enemies shall surround you and they shall press you in from every side.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The time will come when enemy armies will build a wall to surround you and close you in on every side.

New American Standard 1977
“For the days shall come upon you when your enemies will throw up a bank before you, and surround you, and hem you in on every side,

Jubilee Bible 2000
For the days shall come upon thee that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee and compass thee round and constrain thee on every side

King James 2000 Bible
For the days shall come upon you, that your enemies shall cast a bank about you, and surround you, and hem you in on every side,

American King James Version
For the days shall come on you, that your enemies shall cast a trench about you, and compass you round, and keep you in on every side,

American Standard Version
For the days shall come upon thee, when thine enemies shall cast up a bank about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the days shall come upon thee, and thy enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and straiten thee on every side,

Darby Bible Translation
for days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall make a palisaded mound about thee, and shall close thee around, and keep thee in on every side,

English Revised Version
For the days shall come upon thee, when thine enemies shall cast up a bank about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,

Webster's Bible Translation
For the days shall come upon thee, that thy enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and encompass thee, and keep thee in on every side,

Weymouth New Testament
For the time is coming upon thee when thy foes will throw up around thee earthworks and a wall, investing thee and hemming thee in on every side.

World English Bible
For the days will come on you, when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, surround you, hem you in on every side,

Young's Literal Translation
'Because days shall come upon thee, and thine enemies shall cast around thee a rampart, and compass thee round, and press thee on every side,
Study Bible
Jesus Weeps over Jerusalem
42and said, “If only you had known on this day what would bring you peace! But now it is hidden from your eyes. 43For the days will come upon you when your enemies will barricade you and surround you and hem you in on every side. 44They will level you to the ground—you and the children within your walls. They will not leave one stone on another, because you did not recognize the time of your visitation from God.”…
Cross References
Ecclesiastes 9:14
There was a small city with few men in it and a great king came to it, surrounded it and constructed large siegeworks against it.

Isaiah 29:3
I will camp against you encircling you, And I will set siegeworks against you, And I will raise up battle towers against you.

Isaiah 37:33
"Therefore, thus says the LORD concerning the king of Assyria, 'He will not come to this city or shoot an arrow there; and he will not come before it with a shield, or throw up a siege ramp against it.

Jeremiah 6:3
"Shepherds and their flocks will come to her, They will pitch their tents around her, They will pasture each in his place.

Jeremiah 6:6
For thus says the LORD of hosts, "Cut down her trees And cast up a siege against Jerusalem. This is the city to be punished, In whose midst there is only oppression.

Ezekiel 4:2
"Then lay siege against it, build a siege wall, raise up a ramp, pitch camps and place battering rams against it all around.

Ezekiel 26:8
"He will slay your daughters on the mainland with the sword; and he will make siege walls against you, cast up a ramp against you and raise up a large shield against you.

Daniel 9:26
"Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.

Luke 19:42
and said, "If only you had known on this day what would bring you peace! But now it is hidden from your eyes.

Luke 21:20
But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, you will know that her desolation is near.
Treasury of Scripture

For the days shall come on you, that your enemies shall cast a trench about you, and compass you round, and keep you in on every side,

the days.

Luke 21:20-24 And when you shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know …

Deuteronomy 28:49-58 The LORD shall bring a nation against you from far, from the end …

Psalm 37:12,13 The wicked plots against the just, and gnashes on him with his teeth…

Daniel 9:26,27 And after three score and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but …

Matthew 22:7 But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth …

Matthew 23:37-39 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets, and stone them …

Mark 13:14-20 But when you shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by …

1 Thessalonians 2:15,16 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have …

cast. Or, 'cast a bank' or rampart [charax.] This was literally fulfilled when Jerusalem was besieged by Titus; who surrounded it with a wall of circumvallation in three days, though not less than

Luke 19:39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said to him, Master, …

Isaiah 29:1-4 Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city where David dwelled! add you year …

Jeremiah 6:3-6 The shepherds with their flocks shall come to her; they shall pitch …

(43) The days shall come upon thee. We again come upon a cluster of words peculiar, as far as the New Testament is concerned, to St. Luke, and belonging to the higher forms of historical composition.

Shall cast a trench about thee.--The Greek substantive means primarily a stake, then the "stockade" or "palisade" by which the camp of a besieging army was defended, then the earth-work upon which the stockade was fixed. In the latter case, of course, a trench was implied, but the word meant the embankment rather than the excavation. The better MSS. give for "cast" a verb which more distinctly conveys the idea of an encampment.

For the days shall come upon thee,.... Suddenly, and very quickly, as they did within forty years after this:

that thine enemies; the Romans, and such the Jews took them to be, and might easily understand who our Lord meant:

shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side: which was not only verified in the Roman armies closely besieging them; but particularly in this, as Josephus relates (t) that Titus built a wall about the city, of thirty nine furlongs long, and thirteen forts in it which reached ten furlongs, and all done in three days time; by which means they were pent up, starved, and famished, and reduced to inexpressible distress.

(t) De Bello Jud. l. 6. c. 8. 43. a trench—a rampart; first of wood, and when this was burnt, a built wall, four miles in circuit, built in three days—so determined were they. This "cut off all hope of escape," and consigned the city to unparalleled horrors. (See Josephus, Wars of the Jews, 6.2; 12.3,4.) All here predicted was with dreadful literally fulfilled.19:41-48 Who can behold the holy Jesus, looking forward to the miseries that awaited his murderers, weeping over the city where his precious blood was about to be shed, without seeing that the likeness of God in the believer, consists much in good-will and compassion? Surely those cannot be right who take up any doctrines of truth, so as to be hardened towards their fellow-sinners. But let every one remember, that though Jesus wept over Jerusalem, he executed awful vengeance upon it. Though he delights not in the death of a sinner, yet he will surely bring to pass his awful threatenings on those who neglect his salvation. The Son of God did not weep vain and causeless tears, nor for a light matter, nor for himself. He knows the value of souls, the weight of guilt, and how low it will press and sink mankind. May he then come and cleanse our hearts by his Spirit, from all that defiles. May sinners, on every side, become attentive to the words of truth and salvation.
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