2 Peter 1:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For this very reason, make every effort to add to your faith goodness; and to goodness, knowledge;

New Living Translation
In view of all this, make every effort to respond to God's promises. Supplement your faith with a generous provision of moral excellence, and moral excellence with knowledge,

English Standard Version
For this very reason, make every effort to supplement your faith with virtue, and virtue with knowledge,

New American Standard Bible
Now for this very reason also, applying all diligence, in your faith supply moral excellence, and in your moral excellence, knowledge,

King James Bible
And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For this very reason, make every effort to supplement your faith with goodness, goodness with knowledge,

International Standard Version
For this very reason, you must make every effort to supplement your faith with moral character, your moral character with knowledge,

NET Bible
For this very reason, make every effort to add to your faith excellence, to excellence, knowledge;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And when this has happened, bring all diligence and add to your faith, virtue, and unto your virtue, knowledge,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Because of this, make every effort to add integrity to your faith; and to integrity add knowledge;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Ye also, giving all diligence to the same, show forth virtue in your faith; and in virtue, knowledge;

King James 2000 Bible
And for this reason, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge;

American King James Version
And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge;

American Standard Version
Yea, and for this very cause adding on your part all diligence, in your faith supply virtue; and in your virtue knowledge;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And you, employing all care, minister in your faith, virtue; and in virtue, knowledge;

Darby Bible Translation
But for this very reason also, using therewith all diligence, in your faith have also virtue, in virtue knowledge,

English Revised Version
Yea, and for this very cause adding on your part all diligence, in your faith supply virtue; and in your virtue knowledge;

Webster's Bible Translation
And besides this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge;

Weymouth New Testament
But for this very reason--adding, on your part, all earnestness-- along with your faith, manifest also a noble character: along with a noble character, knowledge;

World English Bible
Yes, and for this very cause adding on your part all diligence, in your faith supply moral excellence; and in moral excellence, knowledge;

Young's Literal Translation
And this same also -- all diligence having brought in besides, superadd in your faith the worthiness, and in the worthiness the knowledge,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:1-11 Faith unites the weak believer to Christ, as really as it does the strong one, and purifies the heart of one as truly as of another; and every sincere believer is by his faith justified in the sight of God. Faith worketh godliness, and produces effects which no other grace in the soul can do. In Christ all fulness dwells, and pardon, peace, grace, and knowledge, and new principles, are thus given through the Holy Spirit. The promises to those who are partakers of a Divine nature, will cause us to inquire whether we are really renewed in the spirit of our minds; let us turn all these promises into prayers for the transforming and purifying grace of the Holy Spirit. The believer must add knowledge to his virtue, increasing acquaintance with the whole truth and will of God. We must add temperance to knowledge; moderation about worldly things; and add to temperance, patience, or cheerful submission to the will of God. Tribulation worketh patience, whereby we bear all calamities and crosses with silence and submission. To patience we must add godliness: this includes the holy affections and dispositions found in the true worshipper of God; with tender affection to all fellow Christians, who are children of the same Father, servants of the same Master, members of the same family, travellers to the same country, heirs of the same inheritance. Wherefore let Christians labour to attain assurance of their calling, and of their election, by believing and well-doing; and thus carefully to endeavour, is a firm argument of the grace and mercy of God, upholding them so that they shall not utterly fall. Those who are diligent in the work of religion, shall have a triumphant entrance into that everlasting kingdom where Christ reigns, and they shall reign with him for ever and ever; and it is in the practice of every good work that we are to expect entrance to heaven.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - And beside this, giving all diligence; rather, but for this very cause also. Αὐτὸ τοῦτο is frequently used in this sense in classical Greek, but in the New Testament only here. It refers back to the last verse. God's precious gifts and promises should stimulate us to earnest effort. The verb rendered "giving" means literally "bringing in by the side;" it is one of those graphic and picturesque expressions which are characteristic of St. Peter's style. God worketh within us both to will and to do; this (both St. Paul and St. Peter teach us) is a reason, not for remissness, but for increased exertion. God's grace is sufficient for us; without that we can do nothing; but by the side (so to speak) of that grace, along with it, we must bring into play all earnestness, we must work out our own salvation with fear and trembling. The word seems to imply that the work is God's work; we can do very little indeed, but that very little we must do, and for the very reason that God is working in us. The word (παρεισενέγκαντες) occurs only here in the New Testament. Add to your faith virtue; literally, supply in your faith. He does not say, "supply faith;" he assumes the existence of faith. "He that cometh unto God must believe." The Greek word (ἐπιχορήγησατε) means properly to "contribute to the expenses of a chorus;" it is used three times by St. Paul, and, in its simple form, by St. Peter in his First Epistle (1 Peter 4:11). In usage it came to mean simply to "supply or provide," the thought of the chorus being dropped. So we cannot be sure that the idea of faith as leading the mystic dance in the chorus of Christian graces was present to St. Peter's mind, especially as the word occurs again in verse 11, where no such allusion is possible. The fruits of faith are in the faith which produces them, as a tree is in its seed; they must be developed out of faith, as faith expands and energizes; in the exercise of each grace a fresh grace must issue forth. Virtue is well described by Bengel as "strenuus animi tonus et vigor;" it is Christian manliness and active courage in the good fight of faith. The word "virtue" (ἀρετή), with the exception of Philippians 4:8, occurs in the New Testament only in St. Peter - in this chapter three times, and in 1 Peter 2:9, thus forming one of the kinks between the two Epistles. And to virtue knowledge. St. Peter here uses the simple word γνῶσις, discretion, a right understanding, "quae malam a bono secernit, et mali fugam docet" (Bengel). This practical knowledge is gained in the manly self-denying activities of the Christian life, and leads on to the fuller knowledge (ἐπίγνωσις) of Christ (verse 8).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And besides this, giving all diligence,.... "Or upon this", as the Syriac and Arabic versions read, bestow all your labour, diligence, and care; namely, on what follows, and that from the consideration of what goes before; for nothing can more strongly animate, and engage to the diligent exercise of grace and discharge of duty, than a consideration of the high favours, and free grace gifts of God, and the exceeding great and precious promises of his Gospel:

add to your faith virtue; or "with your faith", so the Arabic version renders it, and the like, in the following clauses. They had faith, even like precious faith with the apostles, not of themselves, but by the gift of God, and which is the first and principal grace; it leads the van, or rather the "chorus", as the word rendered "add" signifies; and though it is in itself imperfect, has many things lacking in it, yet it cannot be added to, or increased by men; ministers may be a means of perfecting what is lacking in it, and of the furtherance and joy of it, but it is the Lord only that can increase it, or add unto it in that sense, and which is not the meaning here: but the sense is, that as it is the basis and foundation of all good works, it should not stand alone, there ought to be virtue, or good works along with it, by which it may be perfected, not essentially, but evidentially, or might appear to be true and genuine; for by virtue may be either meant some particular virtue, as justice towards men, to which both the grace and doctrine of faith direct; and indeed pretensions to faith in Christ, where there is not common justice done to men, are of little account; or, as others think, beneficence to men; and so the Ethiopic version renders it, "proceed to bounty by your faith"; and faith does work by love and kindness to fellow creatures and Christians; but this seems rather designed by brotherly kindness and charity, in 2 Peter 1:7 or boldness, courage, constancy, and fortitude, which ought to go along with faith. Where there is true faith in Christ, there should be a holy boldness to profess it, and constancy in it, and courage to fight the good fight of faith, and firmness of mind to stand fast in it, notwithstanding all difficulties and discouragements; or virtue in general here meant, not mere moral, but Christian virtues, which are the fruits of the Spirit of God, and of his grace; and differ from the other, in that they spring from the grace of God, are done in faith, by the assistance of the Spirit of Christ, and by strength received from him, and in love to him, and with a view to the glory of God; whereas moral virtues, as exercised by a mere moral man, spring from nature, and are performed by the mere strength of it, and are destitute of faith, and so but "splendida peccata", splendid sins, and proceed from self-love, from sinister ends, and with selfish views:

and to virtue, knowledge; not of Christ, mentioned 2 Peter 1:8 and which is included in faith, for there can be no true faith in Christ, were there not knowledge of him; but of the will of God, which it is necessary men should be acquainted with, in order to perform it; or else though they may seem zealous of good works, their zeal will not be according to knowledge; they ought to know what are virtues or good works in God's account, and what are the nature and use of them, lest they should mistake and misapply them; or of the Scriptures of truth, and of the mysteries of the Gospel, which should be diligently searched, for the increase and improvement of knowledge in divine things, and which has a considerable influence on a just, sober, and godly living; or by knowledge may be meant prudence and wisdom, in ordering the external conversation aright towards those that are without, and in showing good works out of it, to others, by way of example, and for the evidence of the truth of things, with meekness of wisdom.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. And beside this—rather, "And for this very reason," namely, "seeing that His divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain to life and godliness" (2Pe 1:3).

giving—literally, "introducing," side by side with God's gift, on your part "diligence." Compare an instance, 2Pe 1:10; 2Pe 3:14; 2Co 7:11.

all—all possible.

add—literally, "minister additionally," or, abundantly (compare Greek, 2Co 9:10); said properly of the one who supplied all the equipments of a chorus. So accordingly, "there will be ministered abundantly unto you an entrance into the everlasting kingdom of our Saviour" (2Pe 1:11).

to—Greek, "in"; "in the possession of your faith, minister virtue. Their faith (answering to "knowledge of Him," 2Pe 1:3) is presupposed as the gift of God (2Pe 1:3; Eph 2:8), and is not required to be ministered by us; in its exercise, virtue is to be, moreover, ministered. Each grace being assumed, becomes the stepping stone to the succeeding grace: and the latter in turn qualifies and completes the former. Faith leads the band; love brings up the rear [Bengel]. The fruits of faith specified are seven, the perfect number.

virtue—moral excellency; manly, strenuous energy, answering to the virtue (energetic excellency) of God.

and to—Greek, "in"; "and in (the exercise of) your virtue knowledge," namely, practical discrimination of good and evil; intelligent appreciation of what is the will of God in each detail of practice.

2 Peter 1:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Make Your Calling Sure
4For by these He has granted to us His precious and magnificent promises, so that by them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world by lust. 5Now for this very reason also, applying all diligence, in your faith supply moral excellence, and in your moral excellence, knowledge, 6and in your knowledge, self-control, and in your self-control, perseverance, and in your perseverance, godliness,…
Cross References
Colossians 2:3
in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge.

2 Peter 1:2
Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.

2 Peter 1:3
His divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness.

2 Peter 1:11
and you will receive a rich welcome into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
Treasury of Scripture

And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge;

beside.

Luke 16:26 And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed: …

Luke 24:21 But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: …

giving.

2 Peter 1:10 Why the rather, brothers, give diligence to make your calling and …

2 Peter 3:14,18 Why, beloved, seeing that you look for such things, be diligent that …

Psalm 119:4 You have commanded us to keep your precepts diligently.

Proverbs 4:23 Keep your heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.

Isaiah 55:2 Why do you spend money for that which is not bread? and your labor …

Zechariah 6:15 And they that are far off shall come and build in the temple of the …

John 6:27 Labor not for the meat which perishes, but for that meat which endures …

Philippians 2:12 Why, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence …

Hebrews 6:11 And we desire that every one of you do show the same diligence to …

Hebrews 11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that comes …

Hebrews 12:15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any …

virtue. See on ver.

2 Peter 1:3 According as his divine power has given to us all things that pertain …

Philippians 4:8 Finally, brothers, whatever things are true, whatever things are …

knowledge.

2 Peter 1:2 Grace and peace be multiplied to you through the knowledge of God, …

2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus …

1 Corinthians 14:20 Brothers, be not children in understanding: however, in malice be …

Ephesians 1:17,18 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory…

Ephesians 5:17 Why be you not unwise, but understanding what the will of the Lord is.

Philippians 1:9 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge …

Colossians 1:9 For this cause we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease …

1 Peter 3:7 Likewise, you husbands, dwell with them according to knowledge, giving …

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