Exodus 29:4
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New International Version
Then bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the tent of meeting and wash them with water.

New Living Translation
"Present Aaron and his sons at the entrance of the Tabernacle, and wash them with water.

English Standard Version
You shall bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the tent of meeting and wash them with water.

New American Standard Bible
"Then you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the doorway of the tent of meeting and wash them with water.

King James Bible
And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance to the tent of meeting and wash them with water.

International Standard Version
You are to bring Aaron and his sons to the doorway of the Tent of Meeting, and wash them with water.

NET Bible
"You are to present Aaron and his sons at the entrance of the tent of meeting. You are to wash them with water

New Heart English Bible
You shall bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the Tent of Meeting, and shall wash them with water.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Then bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the tent of meeting, and wash them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tent of meeting, and shalt wash them with water.

New American Standard 1977
“Then you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the doorway of the tent of meeting, and wash them with water.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the testimony and shalt wash them with water.

King James 2000 Bible
And Aaron and his sons you shall bring unto the door of the tabernacle of meeting, and shall wash them with water.

American King James Version
And Aaron and his sons you shall bring to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall wash them with water.

American Standard Version
And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tent of meeting, and shalt wash them with water.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the tabernacle of the testimony. And when thou hast washed the father and his sons with water,

Darby Bible Translation
And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring near the entrance of the tent of meeting, and shalt bathe them with water.

English Revised Version
And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tent of meeting, and shalt wash them with water.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water.

World English Bible
You shall bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the Tent of Meeting, and shall wash them with water.

Young's Literal Translation
'And Aaron and his sons thou dost bring near unto the opening of the tent of meeting, and hast bathed them with water;
Study Bible
Consecration of the Priests
3"You shall put them in one basket, and present them in the basket along with the bull and the two rams. 4"Then you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the doorway of the tent of meeting and wash them with water. 5"You shall take the garments, and put on Aaron the tunic and the robe of the ephod and the ephod and the breastpiece, and gird him with the skillfully woven band of the ephod;…
Cross References
Exodus 29:3
"You shall put them in one basket, and present them in the basket along with the bull and the two rams.

Exodus 40:12
"Then you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the doorway of the tent of meeting and wash them with water.

Leviticus 8:6
Then Moses had Aaron and his sons come near and washed them with water.

Numbers 8:9
"So you shall present the Levites before the tent of meeting. You shall also assemble the whole congregation of the sons of Israel,

Ezekiel 42:14
"When the priests enter, then they shall not go out into the outer court from the sanctuary without laying there their garments in which they minister, for they are holy. They shall put on other garments; then they shall approach that which is for the people."
Treasury of Scripture

And Aaron and his sons you shall bring to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall wash them with water.

unto the door

Exodus 26:36 And you shall make an hanging for the door of the tent, of blue, …

Exodus 40:28 And he set up the hanging at the door of the tabernacle.

Leviticus 8:3-6 And gather you all the congregation together to the door of the tabernacle …

wash them

Exodus 30:18-21 You shall also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, …

Exodus 40:12 And you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the tabernacle …

Leviticus 8:6 And Moses brought Aaron and his sons, and washed them with water.

Leviticus 14:8 And he that is to be cleansed shall wash his clothes, and shave off …

Deuteronomy 23:11 But it shall be, when evening comes on, he shall wash himself with …

Ezekiel 36:25 Then will I sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean: …

John 13:8-10 Peter said to him, You shall never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, …

Ephesians 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,

Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to …

Hebrews 10:22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having …

1 Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto even baptism does also now save us (not …

Revelation 1:5,6 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first …

(4) Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door . . . --The place of the laver, not yet mentioned, but designed in God's counsels, was between the brazen altar and the Tabernacle (Exodus 30:18), and consequently near the door of the latter. Rabbinical tradition says that it was not placed exactly opposite the door, but a little towards the south side of the court.

And shalt wash them.--This is the first mention in Scripture of a religious ablution. Water is so natural a symbol of purity, and ablution so apt a representative of the purging from sin, that we can feel surprise neither at the widespread use of the symbolism in religions of very different characters, nor at its adoption into the system at this time imposed by Divine Providence upon the Hebrews. As it was to maintain its place even in the Divinely-appointed ceremonial of Christianity, it must have been fortiori suitable for the earlier and less spiritual dispensation. The widespread employment of it in other religions--e.g., in Egypt (Herod. ii. 37); in Persia (Zendavesta, 8 p. 271. Spiegel's translation); in Greece (Dllinger, Jew and Gentile, vol. i., p. 220); in Italy (Dict. of Greek and Rom. Antiq., p. 719), and elsewhere--was no argument against its adoption into the Mosaic ceremonial, since the Divine legislation of Sinai was not intended to annul or supersede natural religion, but only to improve and expand it.

Verse 4. - The Ablution. Verse 4. - Unto the door of the tabernacle. The great laver was to be placed between the entrance to the tabernacle and the altar of burnt-offering (Exodus 30:18). It was to this probably that Aaron and his sons were to be brought. Its main purpose was to be a lustral vessel, placed ready for the various ablutions which the law required (ib, 19-21). Thou .... shalt wash them with water. Ablutions were an important part of the ceremonial of almost all ancient religions. In Egypt, the priests were compelled to wash themselves from head to foot in cold water twice every day, and twice every night (Herod. 2:37). In the religion of Zoroaster frequent washing with water was prescribed for many kinds of impurity (Zendavesta, 8. p. 271, et seq.). The Greeks were particularly addicted to ceremonies of which ablution formed a part; and it is to Rome that we are indebted both for the word and for the idea of "lustration." It is a true instinct which has taught men the analogy between physical and moral purity, and led them to typify the removal of spiritual, by the cleansing from physical, defilement. The religion given at Sinai set a stamp of approval in many points on what may be called "the religion of nature;" and among them on this. Ablutions were required of the priests, not only at consecration, but every time that they entered the tabernacle, or sacrificed on the altar of burnt-offering (Exodus 30:20). Washing was a main feature in the cleansing of leprosy (Leviticus 13:54, 58) and of the leper. (Leviticus 14:8). It was also employed for the purification of many minor defilements (Leviticus 11:25; Leviticus 15:5; Leviticus 17:15, etc.). At what date it first came into use in the admission of proselytes is uncertain. Whether the washing of consecration extended to the whole body, or was limited to the hands and feet, is also a point on which critics have disagreed, but one of no great importance. (See John 13:9, 10.) And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation,.... That is, order and direct them to come thither; for it cannot be thought he was to carry them in his arms or on his shoulders, or have them thither by force, whether they would or not; but he was to declare to them that it was the will of the Lord they should appear there:

and shalt wash them with water; out of the laver after mentioned, which stood between the door of the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar: the Targum of Jonathan says, this washing was performed in forty seahs of living or spring water, which was sufficient for the immersion of the whole body, which it is highly probable was the case; and so Jarchi interprets it of the dipping of the whole body, and which seems to have been necessary, upon their entrance on their office, to denote their complete purity and holiness, though afterwards, when they entered on service, they only washed their hands and feet, see Exodus 30:18 to which our Lord seems to allude, John 13:10 this washing shows what purity and holiness were necessary to the priests of the Lord, and that they ought to be clean that bear the vessels of his house, or minister in his sanctuary, and which were in Christ in their full perfection; and such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, and undefiled, and so could offer himself without spot, and was a fit person to take away sin by sacrifice, and to be an advocate for his people: this may also point at his baptism, which he submitted to before he entered on his office in a public manner, and which was performed by immersion; and in this way ought all his priests, his saints, to be washed, as well as with the washing of regeneration, and with the blood of Christ; and which is necessary to their officiating as priests, or drawing nigh to God, and requisite to their communion with God and Christ. 4-9. Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle—as occupying the intermediate space between the court where the people stood, and the dwelling-place of Israel's king, and therefore the fittest spot for the priests being duly prepared for entrance, and the people witnessing the ceremony of inauguration.

wash them with water. And … take the garments—The manner in which these parts of the ceremonial were performed is minutely described, and in discovering their symbolical import, which indeed, is sufficiently plain and obvious, we have inspired authority to guide us. It signified the necessity and importance of moral purity or holiness (Isa 52:11; Joh 13:10; 2Co 7:1; 1Pe 3:21). In like manner, the investiture with the holy garments signified their being clothed with righteousness (Re 19:8) and equipped as men active and well-prepared for the service of God; the anointing the high priest with oil denoted that he was to be filled with the influences of the Spirit, for the edification and delight of the church (Le 10:7; Ps 45:7; Isa 61:1; 1Jo 2:27), and as he was officially a type of Christ (Heb 7:26; Joh 3:34; also Mt 3:16; 11:29).29:1-37 Aaron and his sons were to be set apart for the priest's office, with ceremony and solemnity. Our Lord Jesus is the great High Priest of our profession, called of God to be so; anointed with the Spirit, whence he is called Messiah, the Christ; clothed with glory and beauty; sanctified by his own blood; made perfect, or consecrated through sufferings, Heb 2:10. All believers are spiritual priests, to offer spiritual sacrifices,
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