Romans 9:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For he says to Moses, "I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion."

New Living Translation
For God said to Moses, "I will show mercy to anyone I choose, and I will show compassion to anyone I choose."

English Standard Version
For he says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”

New American Standard Bible
For He says to Moses, "I WILL HAVE MERCY ON WHOM I HAVE MERCY, AND I WILL HAVE COMPASSION ON WHOM I HAVE COMPASSION."

King James Bible
For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For He tells Moses: I will show mercy to whom I will show mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

International Standard Version
For he says to Moses, "I will be merciful to the person I want to be merciful to, and I will be kind to the person I want to be kind to."

NET Bible
For he says to Moses: "I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Behold, he said also to Moses, “I shall show love on whomever I love, and I shall take pity on whomever I pity.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
For example, God said to Moses, "I will be kind to anyone I want to. I will be merciful to anyone I want to."

Jubilee Bible 2000
For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

King James 2000 Bible
For he says to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

American King James Version
For he said to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

American Standard Version
For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For he saith to Moses: I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy; and I will shew mercy to whom I will shew mercy.

Darby Bible Translation
For he says to Moses, I will shew mercy to whom I will shew mercy, and I will feel compassion for whom I will feel compassion.

English Revised Version
For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.

Webster's Bible Translation
For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

Weymouth New Testament
No, indeed; the solution is found in His words to Moses, "Wherever I show mercy it shall be nothing but mercy, and wherever I show compassion it shall be simply compassion."

World English Bible
For he said to Moses, "I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion."

Young's Literal Translation
for to Moses He saith, 'I will do kindness to whom I do kindness, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion;'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:14-24 Whatever God does, must be just. Wherein the holy, happy people of God differ from others, God's grace alone makes them differ. In this preventing, effectual, distinguishing grace, he acts as a benefactor, whose grace is his own. None have deserved it; so that those who are saved, must thank God only; and those who perish, must blame themselves only, Hos 13:9. God is bound no further than he has been pleased to bind himself by his own covenant and promise, which is his revealed will. And this is, that he will receive, and not cast out, those that come to Christ; but the drawing of souls in order to that coming, is an anticipating, distinguishing favour to whom he will. Why does he yet find fault? This is not an objection to be made by the creature against his Creator, by man against God. The truth, as it is in Jesus, abases man as nothing, as less than nothing, and advances God as sovereign Lord of all. Who art thou that art so foolish, so feeble, so unable to judge the Divine counsels? It becomes us to submit to him, not to reply against him. Would not men allow the infinite God the same sovereign right to manage the affairs of the creation, as the potter exercises in disposing of his clay, when of the same lump he makes one vessel to a more honourable, and one to a meaner use? God could do no wrong, however it might appear to men. God will make it appear that he hates sin. Also, he formed vessels filled with mercy. Sanctification is the preparation of the soul for glory. This is God's work. Sinners fit themselves for hell, but it is God who prepares saints for heaven; and all whom God designs for heaven hereafter, he fits for heaven now. Would we know who these vessels of mercy are? Those whom God has called; and these not of the Jews only, but of the Gentiles. Surely there can be no unrighteousness in any of these Divine dispensations. Nor in God's exercising long-suffering, patience, and forbearance towards sinners under increasing guilt, before he brings utter destruction upon them. The fault is in the hardened sinner himself. As to all who love and fear God, however such truths appear beyond their reason to fathom, yet they should keep silence before him. It is the Lord alone who made us to differ; we should adore his pardoning mercy and new-creating grace, and give diligence to make our calling and election sure.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

For he saith to Moses,.... That is, God said to Moses. The apostle goes on to answer to the above objections, by producing some testimonies out of the writings of Moses, in favour of both branches of predestination; showing, that the doctrine he had advanced, was no other than what God himself had delivered to Moses, whose name and writings were in great esteem with the Jews, whereby the apostle might hope to give full satisfaction in this point. The first passage he cites, is in Exodus 33:19.

And will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy. This is produced, in favour of special, particular, and personal election, and to clear it from any charge of unrighteousness; and by it, it appears, that God bestows his grace and mercy in time, on such persons he has willed and determined from all eternity to bestow it; this, is clear from hence, for since all this is dependent on his will, it must be as this was his will from eternity, seeing no new will can possibly arise in God, God wills nothing in time, but what he willed before time; that this grace and mercy are shown only to some persons, and that the only reason of this is his sovereign will and pleasure, and not the works and merits of men; wherefore since this grace and mercy rise out of his own free good will and pleasure, and are by no means the creature's due, it most clearly follows, that God in determining to bestow his grace and mercy, and in the actual doing of it, whilst he determines to deny it, and does deny it to others, cannot possibly be chargeable with any unrighteousness.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

15. For he saith to Moses—(Ex 33:19).

I will have mercy on whom I will have—"on whom I have"

mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have—"on whom I have"

compassion—"There can be no unrighteousness in God's choosing whom He will, for to Moses He expressly claims the right to do so." Yet it is worthy of notice that this is expressed in the positive rather than the negative form: not, "I will have mercy on none but whom I will"; but, "I will have mercy on whomsoever I will."

Romans 9:15 Additional Commentaries
Context
God's Sovereign Choice
14What shall we say then? There is no injustice with God, is there? May it never be! 15For He says to Moses, "I WILL HAVE MERCY ON WHOM I HAVE MERCY, AND I WILL HAVE COMPASSION ON WHOM I HAVE COMPASSION." 16So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who runs, but on God who has mercy.…
Cross References
Exodus 33:19
And the LORD said, "I will cause all my goodness to pass in front of you, and I will proclaim my name, the LORD, in your presence. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

Romans 9:16
It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God's mercy.
Treasury of Scripture

For he said to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

I will have.

Romans 9:16,18,19 So then it is not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of …

Exodus 33:19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before you, and I will …

Exodus 34:6,7 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The …

Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the …

Micah 7:18 Who is a God like to you, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the …

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