Romans 9:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God's mercy.

New Living Translation
So it is God who decides to show mercy. We can neither choose it nor work for it.

English Standard Version
So then it depends not on human will or exertion, but on God, who has mercy.

New American Standard Bible
So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who runs, but on God who has mercy.

King James Bible
So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So then it does not depend on human will or effort but on God who shows mercy.

International Standard Version
Therefore, God's choice does not depend on a person's will or effort, but on God himself, who shows mercy.

NET Bible
So then, it does not depend on human desire or exertion, but on God who shows mercy.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Therefore it is not by means of him who wills, neither by means of him who runs, but in the hand of God, the merciful.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Therefore, God's choice does not depend on a person's desire or effort, but on God's mercy.

Jubilee Bible 2000
So then it is not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God that has mercy.

King James 2000 Bible
So then it is not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God that shows mercy.

American King James Version
So then it is not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God that shows mercy.

American Standard Version
So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that hath mercy.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy.

Darby Bible Translation
So then [it is] not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God that shews mercy.

English Revised Version
So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that hath mercy.

Webster's Bible Translation
So then, it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that showeth mercy.

Weymouth New Testament
And from this we learn that everything is dependent not on man's will or endeavour, but upon God who has mercy. For the Scripture said to Pharaoh,

World English Bible
So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who has mercy.

Young's Literal Translation
so, then -- not of him who is willing, nor of him who is running, but of God who is doing kindness:
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:14-24 Whatever God does, must be just. Wherein the holy, happy people of God differ from others, God's grace alone makes them differ. In this preventing, effectual, distinguishing grace, he acts as a benefactor, whose grace is his own. None have deserved it; so that those who are saved, must thank God only; and those who perish, must blame themselves only, Hos 13:9. God is bound no further than he has been pleased to bind himself by his own covenant and promise, which is his revealed will. And this is, that he will receive, and not cast out, those that come to Christ; but the drawing of souls in order to that coming, is an anticipating, distinguishing favour to whom he will. Why does he yet find fault? This is not an objection to be made by the creature against his Creator, by man against God. The truth, as it is in Jesus, abases man as nothing, as less than nothing, and advances God as sovereign Lord of all. Who art thou that art so foolish, so feeble, so unable to judge the Divine counsels? It becomes us to submit to him, not to reply against him. Would not men allow the infinite God the same sovereign right to manage the affairs of the creation, as the potter exercises in disposing of his clay, when of the same lump he makes one vessel to a more honourable, and one to a meaner use? God could do no wrong, however it might appear to men. God will make it appear that he hates sin. Also, he formed vessels filled with mercy. Sanctification is the preparation of the soul for glory. This is God's work. Sinners fit themselves for hell, but it is God who prepares saints for heaven; and all whom God designs for heaven hereafter, he fits for heaven now. Would we know who these vessels of mercy are? Those whom God has called; and these not of the Jews only, but of the Gentiles. Surely there can be no unrighteousness in any of these Divine dispensations. Nor in God's exercising long-suffering, patience, and forbearance towards sinners under increasing guilt, before he brings utter destruction upon them. The fault is in the hardened sinner himself. As to all who love and fear God, however such truths appear beyond their reason to fathom, yet they should keep silence before him. It is the Lord alone who made us to differ; we should adore his pardoning mercy and new-creating grace, and give diligence to make our calling and election sure.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

So then it is not of him that willeth,.... This is not a consequence drawn by an adversary, showing that if this be the case, it signifies nothing for men to will or do, they may even sit still and do nothing, but depend on the mercy of God; but this is a conclusion of the apostle's from the above cited testimony, inferring from thence, that election, which is what he is discoursing of, is "not of him that willeth",

nor of him that runneth: that is, is not owing to the will or works of men, to the desires, inclinations, and affections of their minds, or to the actions of their lives; these are not the motives, conditions, or causes of this act:

but of God that sheweth mercy; in a free sovereign way and manner, which he is not obliged to by anything the creature wills or works; he is at full liberty, notwithstanding whatever they will or do, to give his grace and mercy, when, where, and to whom he pleases; and therefore to give it to some, and deny it to others, can never be accounted an act of injustice, since he is not bound to give it to any. Some make the it to be the blessing of Isaac, which was not of the will of any of the parties concerned; not of Isaac who willed it to Esau; nor of Esau who willed it to himself, but had it not; nor of the will of the persons who had their desires, not of the will of Rebecca, who was desirous of it for her son Jacob, nor of the will of Jacob, who desired it for himself, though he had it; nor of either of them that ran, not of Esau, who made haste to hunt for, and prepare venison for his father, nor of Jacob, who ran to the flock, for two kids of the goats; but of God that showed mercy to him, who, according to his sovereign will and pleasure, had signified before to Rebecca, that "the elder should serve the younger", Genesis 25:23, as the apostle had mentioned this so lately, it might still be in his thoughts, and he may allude to it; but election being what he is discoursing of in the context, that is the "it" here designed; and what is true of that, is true of salvation in all its parts, and therefore some understand it in the large sense of salvation; though by others so qualified and limited, as to spoil the glory of the text: some saying that the sense is, it is not of him that willeth and runneth wrong, but of the grace and mercy of God; but as no man would ever assert, that salvation is of him that wills and runs wrong, so the apostle had no occasion to deny it: others say, that it is not only of him that wills, and only of him that runs, but also of God that shows mercy; making man's will and works joint causes with the mercy of God in man's salvation; and besides, as Austin (k) long ago observes, according to this sense, the words might as well be read, it is not only of God that shows mercy, but of him that willeth, and of him that runneth, which no Christian would dare to say: the true sense is, that as election, which is the leading step to salvation, is not owing at all to the will of men, but to the good pleasure and will of God; and not at all to the works of men, that being done before them, and they being the fruits and effects of that, but to the free love, grace, and good will of God; so salvation in all its parts and branches, as redemption, justification, regeneration, calling, and conversion, faith, repentance, hope, love, &c. and eternal life, is not to be ascribed at all to the will of men, nor at all to the works of men, but entirely and alone to the love, grace, and mercy of God through Christ.

(k) Enchiridion, c. 32.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

16. So then it is not of him that willeth—hath the inward desire

nor of him that runneth—maketh active effort (compare 1Co 9:24, 26; Php 2:16; 3:14). Both these are indispensable to salvation, yet salvation is owing to neither, but is purely "of God that showeth mercy." See on [2239]Php 2:12, 13, "Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling: for it is God which, out of His own good pleasure, worketh in you both to will and to do."

Romans 9:16 Additional Commentaries
Context
God's Sovereign Choice
15For He says to Moses, "I WILL HAVE MERCY ON WHOM I HAVE MERCY, AND I WILL HAVE COMPASSION ON WHOM I HAVE COMPASSION." 16So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who runs, but on God who has mercy. 17For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, "FOR THIS VERY PURPOSE I RAISED YOU UP, TO DEMONSTRATE MY POWER IN YOU, AND THAT MY NAME MIGHT BE PROCLAIMED THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE EARTH."…
Cross References
Matthew 4:8
Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor.

Matthew 11:27
"All things have been committed to me by my Father. No one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.

Galatians 2:2
I went in response to a revelation and, meeting privately with those esteemed as leaders, I presented to them the gospel that I preach among the Gentiles. I wanted to be sure I was not running and had not been running my race in vain.

Ephesians 2:8
For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith--and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God--
Treasury of Scripture

So then it is not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God that shows mercy.

Romans 9:11 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good …

Genesis 27:1-4,9-14 And it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, …

Psalm 110:3 Your people shall be willing in the day of your power, in the beauties …

Isaiah 65:1 I am sought of them that asked not for me; I am found of them that …

Matthew 11:25,26 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank you, O Father, Lord …

Luke 10:21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank you, O Father, …

John 1:12,13 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the …

John 3:8 The wind blows where it wants, and you hear the sound thereof, but …

1 Corinthians 1:26-31 For you see your calling, brothers, how that not many wise men after …

Ephesians 2:4,5 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love with which he loved us…

Philippians 2:13 For it is God which works in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

2 Thessalonians 2:13,14 But we are bound to give thanks always to God for you, brothers beloved …

Titus 3:3-5 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, …

James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should …

1 Peter 2:9,10 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, …

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