Matthew 22:40
Parallel Verses
New International Version
All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments."

New Living Translation
The entire law and all the demands of the prophets are based on these two commandments."

English Standard Version
On these two commandments depend all the Law and the Prophets.”

New American Standard Bible
"On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets."

King James Bible
On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
All the Law and the Prophets depend on these two commands."

International Standard Version
All the Law and the Prophets depend on these two commandments."

NET Bible
All the law and the prophets depend on these two commandments."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
On these two commands depend all The Written Law and The Prophets.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
All of Moses' Teachings and the Prophets depend on these two commandments."

Jubilee Bible 2000
On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

King James 2000 Bible
On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

American King James Version
On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

American Standard Version
On these two commandments the whole law hangeth, and the prophets.

Douay-Rheims Bible
On these two commandments dependeth the whole law and the prophets.

Darby Bible Translation
On these two commandments the whole law and the prophets hang.

English Revised Version
On these two commandments hangeth the whole law, and the prophets.

Webster's Bible Translation
On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

Weymouth New Testament
The whole of the Law and the Prophets is summed up in these two Commandments."

World English Bible
The whole law and the prophets depend on these two commandments."

Young's Literal Translation
on these -- the two commands -- all the law and the prophets do hang.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

22:34-40 An interpreter of the law asked our Lord a question, to try, not so much his knowledge, as his judgment. The love of God is the first and great commandment, and the sum of all the commands of the first table. Our love of God must be sincere, not in word and tongue only. All our love is too little to bestow upon him, therefore all the powers of the soul must be engaged for him, and carried out toward him. To love our neighbour as ourselves, is the second great commandment. There is a self-love which is corrupt, and the root of the greatest sins, and it must be put off and mortified; but there is a self-love which is the rule of the greatest duty: we must have a due concern for the welfare of our own souls and bodies. And we must love our neighbour as truly and sincerely as we love ourselves; in many cases we must deny ourselves for the good of others. By these two commandments let our hearts be formed as by a mould.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 40. - Hang all the Law and the prophets; i.e. all Scripture, which is comprised in these terms (comp. Matthew 5:17; Matthew 7:12); in other words, all the revelations which God has made to man in every age. The clause is peculiar to St. Matthew. It signifies that on love of God and love of man depend all the moral and religious, ceremonial and judicial precepts contained in the Law, all the utterances of the prophets, all the voices of history. Scripture enunciates the duty to God and our neighbour, shows the right method of fulfilling it, warns against the breach of it, gives examples of punishment and reward consequent upon the way in which the obligation has been treated. Thus the unity and integrity of revelation is demonstrated. Its Author is one; its design is uniform; it teaches one path, leading to one great end.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets. Not that all that is contained in the five books of Moses, and in the books of the prophets, and other writings of the Old Testament, is comprehended in, and is reducible to these two precepts; for there are many things delivered by way of promise, written by way of history, &c. which cannot, by any means, be brought into these two general heads: but that everything respecting duty that is suggested in the law, or is more largely explained and pressed in any of the writings of the prophets, is summarily comprehended in these two sayings: hence love is the fulfilling of the law; see Romans 13:8. The substance of the law is love; and the writings of the prophets, as to the preceptive part of them, are an explanation of the law, and an enlargement upon it: hence the Jews have a saying (c), that "all the prophets stood on Mount Sinai", and received their prophecies there, because the sum of them, as to the duty part, was then delivered. Beza thinks, that here is an allusion to the "phylacteries", or frontlets, which hung upon their foreheads and hands, as a memorial of the law. And certain it is, that the first of these commands, and which is said to be the greatest, was written in these phylacteries. Some take the phrase, "on these hang all the law and the prophets", to be a mere Latinism, but it is really an Hebraism, and often to be met with in the Jewish writings: so Maimonides says (d),

"the knowledge of this matter is an affirmative precept, as it is said, "I am the Lord thy God"; and he that imagines there is another God besides this, transgresses a negative, as it is said, "thou shalt have no other Gods before me"; and he denies the fundamental point, for this is the great foundation, , "on which all hang":

and so the word is used in many other places (e). The sense is plainly this, that all that are in the law and prophets are consistent with, and dependent on these things; and are, as the Persic version renders the word, "comprehended" in them, and cannot be separated from them,

(c) Jarchi in Isaiah 48.16. & in Mal. i. 1.((d) Hilch. Yesode Hatorah, c. 1. sect. 6. (e) Vid. Abkath Rokel. l. 1. p. 3.



Matthew 22:40 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Greatest Commandment
39"The second is like it, 'YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.' 40"On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets."
Cross References
Matthew 7:12
So in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you, for this sums up the Law and the Prophets.

Galatians 5:14
For the entire law is fulfilled in keeping this one command: "Love your neighbor as yourself."
Treasury of Scripture

On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

Matthew 7:12 Therefore all things whatever you would that men should do to you, …

John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

Romans 3:19-21 Now we know that what things soever the law said, it said to them …

Romans 13:9 For this, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not kill, You …

1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and …

1 John 4:7-11,19-21 Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one …

James 2:8 If you fulfill the royal law according to the scripture, You shall …

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