Matthew 16:14
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
They replied, "Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

New Living Translation
"Well," they replied, "some say John the Baptist, some say Elijah, and others say Jeremiah or one of the other prophets."

English Standard Version
And they said, “Some say John the Baptist, others say Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

Berean Study Bible
They replied, "Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

Berean Literal Bible
And they said, "Some indeed, John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

New American Standard Bible
And they said, "Some say John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; but still others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets."

King James Bible
And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And they said, "Some say John the Baptist; others, Elijah; still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

International Standard Version
They said, "Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah, and still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

NET Bible
They answered, "Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

New Heart English Bible
They said, "Some say John the Baptist, some, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But they said, “ Some say Yohannan The Baptizer, but others Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of The Prophets.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They answered, "Some say you are John the Baptizer, others Elijah, still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets."

New American Standard 1977
And they said, “Some say John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; but still others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist; some, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.

King James 2000 Bible
And they said, Some say that you are John the Baptist: some, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.

American King James Version
And they said, Some say that you are John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

American Standard Version
And they said, Some'say John the Baptist; some, Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they said: Some John the Baptist, and other some Elias, and others Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

Darby Bible Translation
And they said, Some, John the baptist; and others, Elias; and others again, Jeremias or one of the prophets.

English Revised Version
And they said, Some say John the Baptist; some, Elijah: and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some Elijah; and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.

Weymouth New Testament
"Some say John the Baptist," they replied; "others Elijah; others Jeremiah or one of the Prophets."

World English Bible
They said, "Some say John the Baptizer, some, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets."

Young's Literal Translation
and they said, 'Some, John the Baptist, and others, Elijah, and others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.'
Study Bible
Peter's Confession of Christ
13When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, He questioned His disciples: “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” 14They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” 15“But what about you?” Jesus asked. “Who do you say I am?”…
Cross References
Jeremiah 1:1
The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests who were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin,

Matthew 3:1
In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the wilderness of Judea

Matthew 14:2
and said to his servants, "This is John the Baptist; he has risen from the dead! This is why miraculous powers are at work in him."

Matthew 16:15
"But what about you?" Jesus asked. "Who do you say I am?"

Matthew 17:10
The disciples asked Him, "Why then do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?"

Mark 6:15
Others said, "He is Elijah," and still others, "He is a prophet, like one of the prophets of old."

Luke 9:8
others that Elijah had appeared, and still others that a prophet of old had arisen.

John 1:21
"Who are you then?" they inquired. "Are you Elijah?" He said, "I am not." "Are you the prophet?" He answered, "No."
Treasury of Scripture

And they said, Some say that you are John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.

John.

Matthew 14:2 And said to his servants, This is John the Baptist; he is risen from the dead…

Mark 8:28 And they answered, John the Baptist; but some say, Elias; and others, …

Elias.

Malachi 4:5 Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the …

Mark 6:15 Others said, That it is Elias. And others said, That it is a prophet, …

Luke 9:18,19 And it came to pass, as he was alone praying, his disciples were …

John 7:12,40,41 And there was much murmuring among the people concerning him: for …

John 9:17 They say to the blind man again, What say you of him, that he has …

(14) And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist.--The passage is of the greatest possible interest as one of the very few that indicate the impressions shaped into beliefs that were floating among the people as to our Lord's character and mission. They were based, it will be seen in each case, upon a popular doctrine of transmigration, to which the Pharisees had given a place in their system of teaching. The great actors of the past were still in existence. They might, at any great national crisis, reappear to continue and complete their work. Each of the answers has a further special interest of its own. (1.) The identification of our Lord with the Baptist has already met us as coming from the lips of the tetrarch Antipas, adopted, but not originated, by him as explaining our Lord's mighty works (Matthew 14:2; Luke 9:7). (2.) The belief that Elijah had reappeared was of the same nature. He was expected as the forerunner of the Messiah (Malachi 4:5). The imagination of the people had at first seen in the Baptist the reappearance of the Tishbite, but he, though working in the spirit and power of Elijah, had disclaimed the character which was thus ascribed to him, and it was natural that the imagination of the people should now turn to One who appeared to them as simply continuing his work. The character of our Lord's recent miracles, corresponding as it did to that which was recorded as wrought by Elijah for the widow of Sarepta (1Kings 17:14), had probably strengthened that impression. (3.) The name of Jeremiah introduces a new train of legendary thought. The impression made by that prophet on the minds of men had led to something like a mythical after-growth. It was said that the spirit of Jeremiah had passed into Zechariah (see Note on Matthew 27:9), and on that assumption another reappearance might well seem probable. He, it was believed, had hidden the ark, and the tabernacle, and the altar of incense in a cave in "the mountain where Moses climbed up and saw the heritage of God"--i.e., in Nebo, or Pisgah (2 Maccabees 2:1-7)--and was expected to come and guide the people in the time "when God should gather His people together" to the place of concealment. He had appeared to Judas Maccabeus in a vision as "a man with grey hairs, and exceeding glorious," and as the guardian prophet of the people, praying for them and for the Holy City, had given him a golden sword as the gift of God (2 Maccabees 15:13-16). As the prophet who had foretold the new covenant and the coming of the Lord our Righteousness (Jeremiah 23:6; Jeremiah 31:31) he was identified, as thoroughly as Isaiah, with the Messianic expectations of the people. Something, we may add, there may have been in our Lord's human aspect, as a Man of sorrows and acquainted with grief, which may have helped to suggest this identification with the prophet who was, above all others of the goodly company, a prophet of lamentations and tears and woe. (4.) The last conjecture was more vague and undefined, and was probably the resource of those who were impressed with wonder at our Lord's words and works, and yet could not bring themselves to acknowledge Him as what He claimed to be. All the four conjectures, it will be seen, fell far short of the recognition of the Christ.

Interpreted in connection with the vision of Daniel 7:13, the words of the question, "Whom do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?" did, in fact, assume His claim to be the Christ. But it remained to be seen whether the disciples had risen to their Lord's meaning in thus speaking of Himself, and would, on their part, adopt that interpretation. The report which they made of the belief of others shows how little, at this time (whatever may have been the case earlier or later), He was regarded as the Messiah by the mass of the people.

Verse 14. - John the Baptist. This was the opinion of Herod Antipas (Matthew 14:1, 2), who fancied that Christ was animated by the spirit of John the Baptist, or was actually that personage' revived; though it was noticed by others that John did no miracle (John 10:41), and lived a life in contrast to that of Christ (Matthew 11:18, 19). Elias; Elijah, who was taken up to heaven without dying, and was announced by Malachi (Malachi 4:5) as destined to return before the appearance of Messiah. Jeremias. Some opined that he was Jeremiah, who was expected to come as a precursor of Messiah (2 Esdras 2:18), and reveal the tabernacle, ark, and the altar of incense, which, according to the legend of 2 Macc. 2:4-7, he had hidden in Mount Nebo, "until the time that God gather his people again together, and receive them unto mercy." One of the prophets. One of the celebrated prophets of antiquity revived, restored to life again to prepare the way for the great consummation. The well known prediction of Moses (Deuteronomy 18:15) may have given rise to this idea. The four popular opinions here mentioned showed two facts - that Jesus had a high reputation among his contemporaries, and that he was by none at this time regarded as the Messiah. Even those who, after certain of his marvellous works, had been ready to honour him with that title, soon cooled in their ardour, and, checked by his reserve and the slanders of the Pharisees, learned to see in him only a wonder-worker or a precursor of the expected Prince and Liberator. And they said, some say that thou art John the Baptist,.... It was the opinion of some of the Jews, that he was John the Baptist risen from the dead. This notion was spread, and prevailed in Herod's court, and he himself, at last, gave into it.

Some Elias; the Tishbite, because an extraordinary person was prophesied of by Malachi, under the name of Elias; and who was to come in his power and spirit before the great day of the Lord; and it being a prevailing notion with the Jews, that Elias was to come before the Messiah; See Gill on Matthew 11:14 they concluded that he was now come:

and others Jeremias; this is omitted both by Mark and Luke; the reason why he is mentioned, is not because of what is said of him, in Jeremiah 1:5 but because the Jews thought he was that prophet spoken of, in Deuteronomy 18:15 that should be raised up from among them, like unto Moses: and this is the sense of some of their writers (g): and in their very ancient writings a parallel is run between Moses and Jeremy (h).

"R. Judah, the son of R. Simon, opened Deuteronomy 18:18 thus: "as thee", this is Jeremiah, who was, as he, in reproofs; you will find all that is written of the one, is written of the other; one prophesied forty years, and the other prophesied forty years; the one prophesied concerning Judah and Israel, and the other prophesied concerning Judah and Israel; against the one those of his own tribe stood up, and against the other those of his own tribe stood up; the one was cast into a river, and the other into a dungeon; the one was delivered by means of an handmaid, and the other by the means of a servant; the one came with words of reproof, and the other came with words of reproof.''

Now they fancied, either that the soul of Jeremy was transmigrated into another body, or that he was risen from the dead.

Or one of the prophets; one of the ancient ones, as Hosea, or Isaiah, or some other: they could not fix upon the particular person who they thought was risen from the dead, and did these wondrous works among them. From the whole it appears, that these persons, whose different sentiments of Christ are here delivered, were not his sworn enemies, as the Scribes and Pharisees, who could never speak respectfully of him; saying, that he was a gluttonous man, a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners, a very wicked man, and far from being one, or like one of the prophets: they sometimes represent him as beside himself, and mad, yea, as being a Samaritan, and having a devil, as familiar with the devil, and doing his miracles by his assistance; but these were the common people, the multitude that followed Christ from place to place, and had a great opinion of him on account of his ministry, and miracles: wherefore, though they could not agree in their notions concerning him, yet each of them fix upon some person of note and worth, whom they took him for; they all looked upon him as a great and good man, and as a prophet, as John the Baptist was accounted by all the people, and as one of the chief of the prophets, as Elias and Jeremiah; and they that could not fix on any particular person, yet put him into the class of the prophets: but still they came short of the true knowledge of him; they did not know him to be a divine person, which his works and miracles proved him to be: nor to be that prophet Moses had spoken of, who was alone to be hearkened unto, though his ministry was a demonstration of it: nor that he was the Messiah, so much spoken of in prophecy, and so long expected by the Jewish nation, though he had all the characters of the Messiah meeting in him. The chief reason why they could not entertain such a thought of him, seems to be the mean figure he made in the world, being of a low extract, in strait circumstances of life, regarded only by the poorer sort; and there appearing nothing in him promising, that he should deliver them from the Roman yoke, and set up a temporal kingdom, which should be prosperous and flourishing, which was the notion of the Messiah that then generally obtained: and since they could not, by any means, allow of this character as belonging to Jesus, though otherwise they had an high opinion of him; hence they could not agree about him, but formed different sentiments of him; which is usually the case in everything, where the truth is not hit upon and received.

(g) Baal Hatturim in Deuteronomy 18.15. R. Abraham Seba; Tzeror Hammor, fol. 127. 4. & 143. 4. (h) Pesikta Rabbati apud R. Abarbinel, Praefat. ad Jer. fol. 96. 2.14. And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist—risen from the dead. So that Herod Antipas was not singular in his surmise (Mt 14:1, 2).

some, Elias—(Compare Mr 6:15).

and others, Jeremias—Was this theory suggested by a supposed resemblance between the "Man of Sorrows" and "the weeping prophet?"

or one of the prophets—or, as Luke (Lu 9:8) expresses it, "that one of the old prophets is risen again." In another report of the popular opinions which Mark (Mr 6:15) gives us, it is thus expressed, "That it is a prophet [or], as one of the prophets": in other words, That He was a prophetical person, resembling those of old.16:13-20 Peter, for himself and his brethren, said that they were assured of our Lord's being the promised Messiah, the Son of the living God. This showed that they believed Jesus to be more than man. Our Lord declared Peter to be blessed, as the teaching of God made him differ from his unbelieving countrymen. Christ added that he had named him Peter, in allusion to his stability or firmness in professing the truth. The word translated rock, is not the same word as Peter, but is of a similar meaning. Nothing can be more wrong than to suppose that Christ meant the person of Peter was the rock. Without doubt Christ himself is the Rock, the tried foundation of the church; and woe to him that attempts to lay any other! Peter's confession is this rock as to doctrine. If Jesus be not the Christ, those that own him are not of the church, but deceivers and deceived. Our Lord next declared the authority with which Peter would be invested. He spoke in the name of his brethren, and this related to them as well as to him. They had no certain knowledge of the characters of men, and were liable to mistakes and sins in their own conduct; but they were kept from error in stating the way of acceptance and salvation, the rule of obedience, the believer's character and experience, and the final doom of unbelievers and hypocrites. In such matters their decision was right, and it was confirmed in heaven. But all pretensions of any man, either to absolve or retain men's sins, are blasphemous and absurd. None can forgive sins but God only. And this binding and loosing, in the common language of the Jews, signified to forbid and to allow, or to teach what is lawful or unlawful.
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