Matthew 16:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God."

New Living Translation
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God."

English Standard Version
Simon Peter replied, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

New American Standard Bible
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."

King James Bible
And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God!"

International Standard Version
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God!"

NET Bible
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Shimeon Kaypha answered, “You are The Messiah, The Son of THE LIVING GOD”.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God!"

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.

King James 2000 Bible
And Simon Peter answered, You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.

American King James Version
And Simon Peter answered and said, You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.

American Standard Version
And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Simon Peter answered and said: Thou art Christ, the Son of the living God.

Darby Bible Translation
And Simon Peter answering said, *Thou* art the Christ, the Son of the living God.

English Revised Version
And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.

Weymouth New Testament
"You," replied Simon Peter, "are the Christ, the Son of the ever-living God."

World English Bible
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God."

Young's Literal Translation
and Simon Peter answering said, 'Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

16:13-20 Peter, for himself and his brethren, said that they were assured of our Lord's being the promised Messiah, the Son of the living God. This showed that they believed Jesus to be more than man. Our Lord declared Peter to be blessed, as the teaching of God made him differ from his unbelieving countrymen. Christ added that he had named him Peter, in allusion to his stability or firmness in professing the truth. The word translated rock, is not the same word as Peter, but is of a similar meaning. Nothing can be more wrong than to suppose that Christ meant the person of Peter was the rock. Without doubt Christ himself is the Rock, the tried foundation of the church; and woe to him that attempts to lay any other! Peter's confession is this rock as to doctrine. If Jesus be not the Christ, those that own him are not of the church, but deceivers and deceived. Our Lord next declared the authority with which Peter would be invested. He spoke in the name of his brethren, and this related to them as well as to him. They had no certain knowledge of the characters of men, and were liable to mistakes and sins in their own conduct; but they were kept from error in stating the way of acceptance and salvation, the rule of obedience, the believer's character and experience, and the final doom of unbelievers and hypocrites. In such matters their decision was right, and it was confirmed in heaven. But all pretensions of any man, either to absolve or retain men's sins, are blasphemous and absurd. None can forgive sins but God only. And this binding and loosing, in the common language of the Jews, signified to forbid and to allow, or to teach what is lawful or unlawful.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 16. - Simon Peter answered and said. The ardent Peter, when all were asked, replies in the name of the rest, giving, however, his own personal sentiment and belief, as we see from Christ's answer (ver. 17). Some of the others probably would have been less ready to make the same confession; but in his vehement loyalty, Peter silences all hesitation, and declares boldly what must be the conviction of all his comrades. He speaks out the persuasion wrought in his soul by Divine grace. Thou art the Christ (ὁ Ξριστὸς), the Son of the living God. The Christ; the Anointed, the Messiah. The Son of God; of the same substance, one with the Father. Living; as alone "having life in himself," "the living and true God" (John 5:26; 1 Thessalonians 1:9). The same (or nearly the same) confession was made by Peter in the name of all the apostles at Capernaum (John 6:69); but the sense of the expression was different, and sprang from very different conviction. It referred rather to the subjective view of Christ's character, as it influenced the believer's inward assurance of the source of eternal life. Here the acknowledgment concerns the nature, office, and Person of our Lord. That there was some special distinction between the two enunciations is evident from Christ's unique commendation of Peter on this occasion compared with his silence on the former. The present confession is indeed a noble one, containing itself a compendium of the Catholic faith concerning the Person and work of Christ. Herein Peter acknowledges Jesus to be the true Messiah, commissioned and sent by God to reveal his will to man, and accomplishing all that the prophets had foretold concerning him; no mere man, not even the most exalted of men (which common opinion held Messiah to be) but the Son of God, of the substance of the Father, begotten from everlasting, God of God, perfect God and perfect man, Son of God and Son of man. Such was Peter's faith. The Church has added nothing to it, though she has amplified and explained and illustrated it in her Creeds; for it comprises belief in Christ's Messiahship, Divinity, Incarnation, personality, and the momentous issues depending thereon. We need not suppose that Peter understood all this or speculated on the question how these several attributes were united in Christ. He was content to accept and acknowledge the truth, waiting patiently for further light. This is the attitude which Christ approves.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Simon Peter answered and said,.... Either of his own accord, and for himself, being a warm, zealous, and forward man; one that dearly loved Christ, truly believed in him, and was ready to make a confession of him; or, as the mouth of the rest, in their name, and with their consent; or, at least, as full well knowing the sentiments of their minds. Thou art Christ, the Son of the living God: a short, but a very full confession of faith, containing the following articles: as that there is a God, that there is but one God; that he is the living God, has life in himself, is the fountain of life to others, and by this is distinguishable from the idols of the Gentiles: that Jesus is the Christ, the Christ of God, the true Messiah, that was promised by God, prophesied of by all the prophets, from the beginning of the world, and expected by the people of God: a character that includes all his offices, of prophet, priest, and king, to which he is anointed by God; and that this Messiah was not a mere man, but a divine person, the Son of God; not by creation, as angels and men are, nor by adoption, as saints, nor by office, as magistrates, but by nature, being his own Son, his proper Son, the only begotten of the Father, of the same nature with him, being one with him, and equal to him. This confession, as it is uniform, and all of a piece, and consistent with itself, and is what all the disciples of Christ agreed in, so it greatly exceeds the most that can be made of the different sentiments of the people put together. They took him, one and all, to be but a mere man; their most exalted thoughts of him rose no higher: but in this he is acknowledged to be the Son of God, a phrase expressive of his divine nature, and distinct personality: they thought him to be a dead man brought to life; but here he is called the Son of the living God, as having the same life in him the Father has: they indeed judged him to be a prophet, but not that prophet that was to come, superior to all prophets; but here he is owned to be the Christ, which not only takes in his prophetic office in a higher sense than they understood it, but all his other offices, and declares him to be the promised Messiah; which they who thought, and spoke the most honourably of him, could not allow of.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

16. And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God—He does not say, "Scribes and Pharisees, rulers and people, are all perplexed; and shall we, unlettered fishermen, presume to decide?" But feeling the light of his Master's glory shining in his soul, he breaks forth—not in a tame, prosaic acknowledgment, "I believe that Thou art," &c.—but in the language of adoration—such as one uses in worship, "Thou Art the Christ, the Son of the Living God!" He first owns Him the promised Messiah (see on [1316]Mt 1:16); then he rises higher, echoing the voice from heaven—"This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased"; and in the important addition—"Son of the Living God"—he recognizes the essential and eternal life of God as in this His Son—though doubtless without that distinct perception afterwards vouchsafed.

Matthew 16:16 Additional Commentaries
Context
Peter's Confession of Christ
15He said to them, "But who do you say that I am?" 16Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." 17And Jesus said to him, "Blessed are you, Simon Barjona, because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but My Father who is in heaven.…
Cross References
Psalm 42:2
My soul thirsts for God, for the living God. When can I go and meet with God?

Matthew 1:16
and Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, and Mary was the mother of Jesus who is called the Messiah.

Matthew 16:15
"But what about you?" he asked. "Who do you say I am?"

Matthew 26:63
But Jesus remained silent. The high priest said to him, "I charge you under oath by the living God: Tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God."

Luke 2:11
Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is the Messiah, the Lord.

John 6:57
Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me.

John 6:68
Simon Peter answered him, "Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life.

John 11:27
"Yes, Lord," she replied, "I believe that you are the Messiah, the Son of God, who is to come into the world."

Acts 14:15
"Friends, why are you doing this? We too are only human, like you. We are bringing you good news, telling you to turn from these worthless things to the living God, who made the heavens and the earth and the sea and everything in them.

2 Corinthians 1:19
For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us--by me and Silas and Timothy--was not "Yes" and "No," but in him it has always been "Yes."

2 Corinthians 3:3
You show that you are a letter from Christ, the result of our ministry, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts.

2 Corinthians 6:16
What agreement is there between the temple of God and idols? For we are the temple of the living God. As God has said: "I will live with them and walk among them, and I will be their God, and they will be my people."

1 Thessalonians 1:9
for they themselves report what kind of reception you gave us. They tell how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God,

1 Timothy 3:15
if I am delayed, you will know how people ought to conduct themselves in God's household, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of the truth.

1 Timothy 4:10
That is why we labor and strive, because we have put our hope in the living God, who is the Savior of all people, and especially of those who believe.

Hebrews 3:12
See to it, brothers and sisters, that none of you has a sinful, unbelieving heart that turns away from the living God.

Hebrews 9:14
How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!

Hebrews 10:31
It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Hebrews 12:22
But you have come to Mount Zion, to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem. You have come to thousands upon thousands of angels in joyful assembly,

Revelation 7:2
Then I saw another angel coming up from the east, having the seal of the living God. He called out in a loud voice to the four angels who had been given power to harm the land and the sea:
Treasury of Scripture

And Simon Peter answered and said, You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.

Thou.

Matthew 14:33 Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped him, saying, …

Matthew 26:63 But Jesus held his peace, And the high priest answered and said to …

Matthew 27:54 Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, …

Psalm 2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD has said to me, You are my Son; …

Mark 14:61 But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest …

John 1:49 Nathanael answered and said to him, Rabbi, you are the Son of God; …

John 6:69 And we believe and are sure that you are that Christ, the Son of the living God.

John 11:27 She said to him, Yes, Lord: I believe that you are the Christ, the …

John 20:31 But these are written, that you might believe that Jesus is the Christ, …

Acts 8:37 And Philip said, If you believe with all your heart, you may. And …

Acts 9:20 And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues, that he is the Son of God.

Romans 1:4 And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit …

Hebrews 1:2-5 Has in these last days spoken to us by his Son, whom he has appointed …

1 John 4:15 Whoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwells in …

1 John 5:5,20 Who is he that overcomes the world, but he that believes that Jesus …

the living.

Deuteronomy 5:26 For who is there of all flesh, that has heard the voice of the living …

Psalm 42:2 My soul thirsts for God, for the living God: when shall I come and …

Daniel 6:26 I make a decree, That in every dominion of my kingdom men tremble …

Acts 14:15 And saying, Sirs, why do you these things? We also are men of like …

1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves show of us what manner of entering in we had to you…

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